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Intelligence and IQ

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Kidi Adamu

on 25 March 2014

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Transcript of Intelligence and IQ

The Origins IQ
Intelligence and IQ
Origins of IQ
However, even Binet noted that
“The scale, properly speaking, does not permit the measure of intelligence because intellectual qualities are not superposable”
("IQ Test")

Origins of IQ
And so he developed the first intelligence test now known as the Binet-Simon scale. The test set a base for IQ tests that are even used today.

So the IQ then became the ratio of the “mental age” to chronological age and then multiplying it by a hundred. For instance, an eight year old who could answer a ten year old’s test had an IQ of 10/8 *100=125
(Cherry)
Origins of IQ
He also noticed that, despite the enviroment, some students were able to answer advanced questions while others answered questions with a difficulty that was suited for a person that was younger.

Led by those factors, Binet based the measure of intelligence on the average mental abilities of people of a certain age group. (Cherry)
Origins of IQ

Alfred Binet was a psychologist that lived in France. In 1904, the French government asked Alfred and his colleague Theodore Simon to find a method of distinguishing students who experienced more difficulty in school and needed more assistance.(Cherry)
There are different types of standardized tests like -

Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale,
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children,
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS),
Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Cognitive Abilities,
Cognitive Assessment System (CAS)
("Different Types of Intelligence Tests")

They are all different in their own ways yet they all measure memory skills, reasoning ability, and comprehension.
Origins of IQ
The task developed several questions and terms that were to be taken in to account.

These included different factors that could affect ones intelligence like the enviroment. Students that were in a more educated enviroment were most likely to have advanced skills required at school. These skills included
Memory
Problem solving
Attention and
Reasoning skills.

Because of that, the student's
ability to learn
could be affected.(Cherry)
Origins of IQ
History of the IQ dates back hundreds of years ago but it wasn’t until the nineteenth century that scientists started to study the depth of the human brain and its intelligence.

Although there were others before him that studied human intelligence, Alfred Binet is credited with being the first person to specifically study the complexity of intelligence and create the first intelligence test. (Cherry)


So...if that's intelligence, then what is IQ?
IQ is the measure of intelligence that is determined by a standardized test. (Bainbridge)

IQ test are not designed to measure how much you know but your
ability to learn.
(Galens and Pear 289)



What is Intelligence?
Intelligence is difficult to define let alone measure. There really is
no
precise or accurate definition and measurement for intelligence.

And even if psychologists do not agree on a single definition, intelligence can be defined as follows,

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica,

“Human intelligence is the mental quality that consists of the abilities to learn from experience, adapt to new situations, understand and handle abstract concepts, and use knowledge to manipulate one’s environment”

Origins of IQ
Basically, Binet’s test purpose was to distinguish which student had difficulty learning. He feared that this IQ test would condemn students into thinking that they are permanently dumb and continuously stressed that intelligence was too broad to be estimated into a single number and can be affected by a number of things like environment, genes, and background.
Standardized scale
According to Stanford-Binet scale, IQ is classified as following:
• Over 140 - Genius or almost genius
• 120 - 140 - Very superior intelligence
• 110 - 119 - Superior intelligence
• 90 - 109 - Average or normal intelligence
• 80 - 89 - Dullness
• 70 - 79 - Borderline deficiency in intelligence
• Under 70 - Feeble-mindedness

Standardized Scale

Another scale popularly used is the Wechsler scale. Here, IQ is classified as:
• Over 130 - Very superior
• 120 - 129 - Superior
• 110 - 119 - High average
• 90 - 109 - Average
• 80 - 89 - Low average
• 70 - 79 - Borderline
• Under 70 - Extremely low/intellectually deficient

Standardized Scale
Another scale in popular use is the Cattell's scale which uses a standard deviation of 24. According to Cattell's scale, IQ is classified as:
• Over 160 - Genius Level
• 140 - 159 - Highly Intelligent
• 120 - 139 - Above Average
• 100 - 119 - Average
• 90 - 99 - Below Average


Notable People with High IQ
Notable People with High IQ
Notable People with High IQ
Notable People with High IQ
Notable People with High IQ
Other Notable people with High IQ
Other Notable people with High IQ
Other Notable people with High IQ

1. William James Sidis
Estimated IQ of 250-300

2. Albert Einstein
Estimated IQ of160-190

3. Leonardo DaVinci
Estimated IQ of 180-190
4. Shakira
Estimated IQ of 140
5. Madonna
Estimated IQ of 140
Other Notable people with High IQ
7. Nolan Gould
The Modern Family star graduated from high school at the age of 13 with an IQ of 150
8. Lisa Simpson
Lisa has an IQ of 156 and has been a member of Mensa Springfield since 1999.
Other Notable people with High IQ
Bibliography




"5 Factors That Affect Human Intelligence." Discovery Channel. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"10 People With The Highest IQ Ever Recorded." O Pish Posh. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"A Brief History of IQ Testing." About.com Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"Asia Carerra." Top 10 Celebs with Surpisingly High IQ's. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
Bainbridge, Carol. "Intelligence." About.com Gifted Children. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014.
Bainbridge, Carol. "IQ." About.com Gifted Children. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014.
"Capital Campus." Capital Campus. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014.
Cherry, Kendra. "A Brief History of IQ Testing." About.com Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014.
Cherry, Kendra. "History of Intelligence Testing." About.com Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014.
"Different Types of Intelligence Tests." - Psych 1001 Section 010 and 011 Fall 2011. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"Famous People with the Highest Known IQs (17 Photos)." TheCHIVE RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014.
Galens, Judy. The Handy Answer Books for Kids.Visible Ink Press. 2002. Print.
"Gardner's Multiple Intelligences." Gardner's Multiple Intelligences. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2014.
"History of Intelligence Testing." About.com Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2014.
"How Are Scores on IQ Tests Calculated?" About.com Psychology. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"How Do You Interpret The IQ Test Scores?" IQ Test Experts. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"Intelligence." About.com Gifted Children. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"Intelligence Definition." Brain Metrix. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"IQ Definition." Brain Metrix. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"IQ Test: Where Does It Come From and What Does It Measure?" IQ Test: Where Does It Come From and What Does It Measure?
N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2014.
"Short History of IQ Tests." History of Iq Tests. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
Sternberg, Robert J. "Human Intelligence (psychology)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"Top 10 Smartest People Alive Today [Infographic]." Bit Rebels RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"We Are Big Idea Hunters…." Big Think. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
"Why Smart Kids Do Dumb Things." Parenthetical. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014.


("The 10 Smartest People Alive Today [infographic])
Kidist Adamu
8th
Diagram of most people's IQ
("How Do You Interpret The IQ Test Scores?")
("How Do You Interpret The IQ Test Scores?")
("10 People With The Highest IQ Ever Recorded")
("10 People With The Highest IQ Ever Recorded")
("15 Surprisingly super smart celebrities")
("Famous people with the highest known IQs")
("14 year old ‘Modern Family’ star is a certified genius in real life")
Full transcript