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Climate change: God made or Man made? By: Doug Boll
Transcript of Climate change: God made or Man made? By: Doug Boll
"God did not create human beings merely to serve or preserve the earth. Rather, He made us in His image, as His highest creation, and He gave us the privilege and duty to glorify Him in everything we do, including managing the earth to make it more beautiful and productive. Just as God planted a garden, we want to be good gardeners, too." (Christian 23)
In this study you will see that God has created earth to be a special place for mankind. God has given mankind the duty to be good stewards of this creation. God has also given special promises to the people of this earth. It is by FAITH that we understand fully these promises and live out the calling of being good stewards. This study is a celebration of how God has been faithful to the promise He made to Noah and us in Gen. 8:22. For over fifty years I have been a student of the weather and climate, of which I am just an amateur. It has become most exciting in these days when there is now instantaneous data available. You will see that there is still a lot of theorizing, but that also new discoveries are being made at the present. Since becoming born again in 1971, I have an intense yearning to think biblically in the journey of life. In this journey, I seek to "prove all things and hold fast that which is good."
How long is a day, and how many days did it take for creation ? Ex. 20:11, "For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day;" In this passage as God is giving the ten commandments to Moses, God tells Moses in his own understanding how long a day is and how many days it took for creation. The length of a day has not changed since 1500BC.
Gen. 1:1"In the beginning, God created the heaven and the earth."
What is the age of the earth?
Imbalance of C-14 and C-12. "It can be shown that it would take a period of 30,000 years to attain an equilibrium between these two. However, at present C-14 still exceeds C-12 by some 50 percent." (Willmington 15-16) The debate continues over this imbalance between the evolutionist and creationist because of changes in solar radiation. This imbalance points to a relatively young biosphere of the earth. This young biosphere is because either the earth is very young itself (less than 50,000 years). Or it has been less than 50,000 years since a worldwide destruction of the biosphere. (or maybe both)
Imbalance of solar energy on the earth. The earth as a whole receives 183.5 days of sunlight and 181.5 days of night. That imbalance over billions of years would add tremendously to global warming. Even though this imbalance is sunlight at a low angle, a few minutes after sunrise and a few minutes before sunset, over billions of years there would be quite an impact.
Tilt of the earth's axis. Was the axis tilted or not? Still theorizing! The tilt of the earth's axis is the main cause of weather changes on the earth. The sun's declination of the earth is constantly changing except for a moment during the winter and summer solstice as the earth orbits the sun. At present I don't think there was a tilt of the earth's axis right after creation.
Creation of the firmament on the second day and the waters being separated, above and below. The theory as to why. The separating of the waters helped to make a greenhouse effect on the earth. Also helped to protect man and the creation from solar radiation.
Creation of the sun on the fourth day and the theory as to why. Imagine that on the first day the earth was created and no solar system. You won't learn that today in most places of learning. But this is exactly what God's word teaches. The reason why is because God was creating a special place for mankind, both geologically and climatologically.
Features of the earth after creation:
Universally warm with pleasant and mild climate.
No deserts or ice caps.
More land surface than today.
Smaller and shallower ocean basins.
No rugged mountains or deep canyons.
Constant, gentle weather conditions.
Worldwide lush vegetation.
No rainfall, earth probably watered by ground dews and from artesian springs.
If there was no tilt of the earth's axis before the flood, a sudden change in the tilt by God would start a chain reaction that would bring on the worldwide flood as described in the Bible.
The waters of the deep coming up.
The waters above the firmament raining down for 40 days. Gen. 7:11-12
Position of the sun's angle at the beginning of the flood. (The flood is thought to of began in the month of November). In November the sun's declination would be -15 degrees and decreasing. The northern hemisphere would be in winter mode.
The waters above the firmament over the arctic areas could of fallen as ice. It is very likely that the waters falling down over the higher latitudes of the northern hemisphere were in the form of ice and snow. This area in the northern hemisphere would ice over very rapidly.
The tenth month, first day mountains began to appear. (Position of the sun's angle, probably around July). Gen. 8:5 Most of the earth's mountains are positioned from 40N to 40S.
What effect did the sun have upon the formation of land mass on the earth?
The Flood: 2350 BC
Development of ocean currents: Right after the flood there were none or very little ocean currents. This would contribute greatly to the ice age. As ocean currents increasingly began to develop, the ice age began to decrease.
Development of wind currents:
Land form development (loess hills worldwide): It makes sense that as the ice age melted coupled with wind patterns that loess hills development was in high gear. Note that all this development is within the mid-latitude jet streams. A result of the marker of the changing jet stream pattern. You think it's windy in Nebraska today? Back then it was many times windier. lol
The end of the Flood to Stabilized cyclic climate change 2350BC-1850BC
Bronze age cooling
Bronze age warming
Iron age cooling
Dark ages cooling
Medieval warming 1000AD
Little Ice Age cooling 1600AD
Each climate change has been effected by
solar cycles: "Sunspots run in cycles. There is the familiar 11-year cycle. Then there is a 22-year cycle, and there is a long period, chaotic cycle that lasts several hundred years". (Oard 47)
shifting ocean currents
shifting wind currents
Arctic sea ice
Antarctic sea ice
Polar vortex: winter of 2013-14: Polar vortex's could happen more often in the future. Depending which side you are on, you will experience much above or much below normal weather conditions.
In my opinion 2000AD-2100AD could see the continued increase in temperatures before leveling off. This will not be a straight line increase. There could be significant cooling between now and 2050 as suggested by some. I still think that overall temperatures will be trending higher by 2100 before leveling off. From the reconstructed temperatures of Greenland, they could use a warm up.
Stabilized cyclic climate change 1850BC to Present
This period of time will see the greatest climate change since the flood.
Matt. 24:37: "But as the days of Noah, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be."
Rev. 6: Seal judgments:
Sixth seal: Earthquake, possible volcanic eruption, and no sunlight.
Rev. 8-11: Trumpet judgments:
First trumpet: Hail and fire.
Second trumpet: Volcanic eruption that causes climate change.
Fourth trumpet: One third of sunlight was decreased.
Fifth trumpet: Sun darkened.
Seventh trumpet: Great hail.
Rev. 16: Bowl judgments:
Fourth bowl: Scorches the earth with fire from the sun.
Fifth bowl: Great darkness.
Seventh bowl: Great hail weighing 60 to 100 pounds.
Christ controlled climate!!!
Zechariah 14: 16-18: "And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles. And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, even upon them shall be no rain. And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, they shall have no rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith the Lord will strike the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles."
Millennial reign of Jesus Christ
One of our key verses is the promise that God made to Noah, Gen. 8:22. As you can see, God has been faithful concerning his promise to Noah and us, and I believe God will continue to do so. There is no need to get caught up in the fear of our day that the climate is out of control because of man's influence. While the earth remains there will be these cyclic climate changes, and God will always provide. "There is no convincing scientific evidence that human release of carbon dioxide, methane, or other greenhouse gasses is causing or will in the foreseeable future, cause catastrophic heating of the earth's atmosphere and disruption of the earth's climate. Moreover, there is substantial scientific evidence that increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide produce many beneficial effects upon the natural plant and animal environments of the the earth." (Oard 27-28)
We are in the midst of a warming that will open up new areas of crop production to feed the world's population. New technology will provide the tools in making this a reality. I believe this is what God is providing in a time such as this.
Climate change: God made or Man made?
By: Doug Boll
Key verses: Gen. 8:22
While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.
I Thess. 5:21
Prove all things; hold fast that which is good.
People during this time. Dates are estimated from the book of Genesis.
Noah dies 2000BC
Abraham born 2040BC
Famine in the land Gen12:10 1965BC
Isaac born 1940BC
Jacob born 1900BC
Abraham dies 1865BC
Shem dies 1848BC
The famine of Joseph's dream Gen. 41 1800-1850BC: You can see that in Joseph's time, some 500 years after the flood, that the climate was changing to more of a pattern like today.
Development of continents: It is very likely the waters above the firmament which are now on the earth during the flood, that plate tectonics could begin to kick into high gear. This is very likely to of continued for sometime after the flood.
"The roaring jet stream, whose swooping winds drove frigid cold in the East and record warmth in the West this winter, first started twisting and turning about 4000 years ago, according to a new analysis of ancient rainfall records from North America. Winds race from west to east, and kinks in the narrow atmospheric current can suck Arctic cold south or hold warm air in place. The rainfall patterns reveal the jet stream was relatively flat, moving straight and steady from about 8,000 to 4,000 years ago, the study reports. Then, about 4,000 years ago, the amount of solar energy reaching the Northern Hemisphere dropped. (This drop was caused by Earth's 20,000-year precession, the slow change in its rotation axis.) The change in the sun's energy altered worldwide climate, such as triggering a stronger El Niño/La Niña cycle and a shift in monsoonal rainfall over India and Pakistan. The jet stream pattern also shifted 4,000 ago, going from flat to curvy over a period of about 500 years, the researchers found." (Oskin 1)
This report on the changing jet stream pattern is a major marker connecting today's climate with the climate of the past. The exciting part about this discovery is that it fits perfectly with the biblical account for when events in the Bible took place. In the climate before the flood, the jet stream would have been flat and more than likely a lot slower than today. After the flood, with no water above the firmament and the tilt of the axis, the climate would begin changing to a (wet-dry) (cold-warm) cycle. A major player in this event is the development of ocean currents as mentioned before coupled with geographical features of the earth.
Development of Wind Currents
"The Ice Age automatically follows the Universal Flood. There could not have been a universal flood without a glacial age following. The deserts were sopping wet for centuries following the flood. There were lakes everywhere. Evaporation kept humidity at 100%. There was rain every day in the north country.
Winds carried moisture-laden clouds, super-saturated, to northern Canada, Scotland, Norway, Sweden, where snow poured down every day and every hour from November until April, probably five hundred or a thousand feet thick the first winter. Multiply 500 feet of snow by 100 years of wet weather. This makes 50,000 feet of snow which would settle down into approximately 5000 feet of ice - the glacial age." (Willmington 32)
The biblical account of the flood lasted for nearly a year. So when Noah departed from the ark and received the promise from God, the northern hemisphere was rapidly going into winter mode. Instead of rain in the north country, there was snow. Couple that together with the sea ice the winter before and you have the makings of an ice age that had its mark for a few centuries.
"Greenland recently incurred record high temperatures and ice loss by melting, adding to concerns that anthropogenic warming is impacting the Greenland ice sheet and in turn accelerating global sea-level rise. However, they state that it remains imprecisely known for Greenland how much warming is caused by increasing atmospheric greenhouse gases versus natural variability."
"Since the Greenland summit's decadal warmth of the first ten years of the 21st century was exceeded fully six dozen times over the prior four millennia, it is clear that it was in no way unusual, unnatural or unprecedented; and, therefore, it is clear that none of Greenland's recent warming need have been caused by increasing greenhouse gases. Indeed, it is far more likely that its recent warmth is nothing more than the next expected phase of the natural oscillation of climate that has produced several-hundred-year periods of alternating warmth and cold over the past four thousand years."(Kobashi 1)
Christian, Melinda. “Global Warming in Perspective.” A Pocket Guide to Global Warming: A Scientific and Biblical Expose of Climate Change. Petersburg, KY: Answers in Genesis, 2013.
Kobashi, T, et al. “A 4000-Year History of Greenland Surface Temperature.” Climate Change Reconsidered. 14 Feb. 2012. Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change. 2013 <http://www.nipccreport.org/articles/2012/feb/14feb2012a1.html>.
Oard, Michael. “Human-Caused Global Warming Slight So Far. A Pocket Guide to Global Warming: A Scientific and Biblical Expose of Climate Change. Petersburg, KY: Answers in Genesis, 2013.
Oskin, Becky. “Frigid Winter? Blame 4,000 Years of Wild Jet Streams.” Yahoo News. 18 April 2014. Yahoo.com. 19 April 2014 <http://news.yahoo.com/frigid-winter-blame-4-000-years-wild-jet-174247112.html>.
Willmington, H. L. Willmington’s Guide to the Bible. Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House, 1988.