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Parts of a Sentence

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Illanna Ynclan

on 25 October 2012

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Transcript of Parts of a Sentence

Photosynethis makes the grass green.
Make is an action verb.
Makes What? The grass—DO
There is nothing between make and grass, so you know there is no IO
Makes grass what? Green--OC Let’s Practice You will never find a DO-IO-and OC in one sentence.

None of these will be in a prepositional phrase.

Possible Combos:
DO-OC Tips A predicate nominative is a noun or pronoun that appears with a linking verb and renames, identifies, or explains the subject. 

Neil Armstrong became an astronaut. 

John Glenn is a former astronaut and senator.  Predicate Nominatives An objective complement is an adjective or noun that appears with a direct object and describes or renames it.

Objective complements are found after such verbs as:
appoint, call, consider, elect, label, make, name, or think.  Objective Complements I showed Randy the book. 

They gave the space shuttle a thorough cleaning. 

To find the indirect object, first make certain that the sentence contains a direct object. 
Then ask To or for whom? or To or for what? after the verb and direct object.  Examples Think of the word complete. A complement COMPLETES the predicate. Complements She is a teacher.

Again, the verb is. So you have two choices—PA or PN.

Teacher is a noun so you know you have a PN.

Double check yourself—Does teacher rename she?
YES Let’s Practice She is beautiful.

Is—not an action verb, so you have two choices—PA or PN

Beautiful describes she so you know it is a PA Let’s Practice We could rephrase the last sentence to
Celeste hit Lilly the ball.

Hit what? The ball—DO

Hit the ball to whom? Lilly--IO Let’s Practice Celeste hit the ball to Lilly.

So…we have an action verb, so we know we only have 3 choices—DO, IO, OC
Find the verb—Hit.
Hit What? The Ball. We have a DO.
Don’t be fooled by to Lilly. It is a prepositional phrase. If it were an IO, it would come before the DO. Let’s Practice On the other hand, if you have an intransitive verb, you have two choices:

These two will never come in the same sentence. Tips A subjective complement is a noun, pronoun, or adjective that appears with a linking verb and tells something about the subject. 

There are two kinds of subject complements:
predicate nominatives
predicate adjectives.  Subjective Complements
The President named her administrator of NASA. 

I consider her the best candidate for the job.  Examples Like direct objects, indirect objects may be compound. 

I lent Richard and Anthony my videotape of the launch.

Indirect objects are never the object of a preposition (to or for).  Compounds I took her the slides.

We sent NASA the letters. Examples An indirect object is a noun or pronoun that appears with a direct object and names the person or thing that something is given to or done for. 

Indirect objects only appear with transitive verbs.  They are usually found after such verbs as;
ask, bring, buy, give, lend, make, promise, show, teach, tell, and write.  Indirect Objects Buzz Aldrin explored the moon and outer space. 

He co-piloted Gemini 12 and Apollo 11 in space.

*The object of a preposition can never be the direct object in a sentence.  Examples Also, remember that just as you may have a compound subject or verb, you may have a compound direct object.  Compounds In some inverted questions, the direct object will appear near the beginning of the sentence, before the verb.  To find the direct object in this type of sentence, rearrange the sentence in normal order. 

Inverted Question:  
Which shuttle did you visit? 

Reordered Sentence:  You did visit which shuttle?  Inverted Questions It taught me about gravity.

Jeff kicked the ball very hard
Examples To find the direct object in a sentence, ask Who? or What? after an action verb.  If you find no answer, the verb is intransitive and has no direct object. 

I was watching the show until midnight.
  Direct Objects A direct object is a noun, pronoun, or group of words acting as a noun that receives the action of a transitive verb.  Direct Object What is a complement?

A complement is a word or group of words that completes the meaning of the predicate of a sentence.  Complements What or Whom After Verb

If you find a DO, you may also find an IO. It will come before the DO, but will answer To/For Whom? To/For What? About the DO

If you find first a DO, then you may also find an OC. It will answer What? About the DO Direct Object
Indirect Object
Objective Complement You have 5 options for these complements. Look AFTER the verb. Tips A predicate adjective is an adjective that appears with a linking verb and describes the subject of the sentence. 

The surface of the planet looked hilly. 

Today, space travel seems plausible and exciting.  Predicate Adjectives *The last two are often grouped together and called subject complements. Five different complements can be found in English sentences.
direct objects
indirect objects
objective complements
predicate nominatives
predicate adjectives Complements Keep the action moving. Parts of a Sentence 7th Grade Language Arts
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