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Speech Chapter 4: Listening and Evaluating

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by

Jenny Schmidt

on 14 January 2013

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Transcript of Speech Chapter 4: Listening and Evaluating

Chapter 4: Listening and Evaluating I think I heard her say, "Get out your Cornell Notes." Hearing vs. Listening What's the difference? Critical Listening: hearing, understanding, AND testing the strength of the ideas. General Goal
Specific Goal
Main Ideas
Supporting Details Parts of a Speech you should LISTEN for Were you entertained?
Informed?
Persuaded?
Did you learn how to do something new? What did you get out of the specific topic?
I was informed about the history of Halloween.
I was amused by his trick-or-treating experience.
I was persuaded to give out healthy treats instead of candy.
I learned how to carve a pumpkin. The most important points of the speech.
I learned:
1. Where Halloween originated
2. Why people celebrate Halloween
3. What Halloween has become today Examples, facts, statistics, reasons, or stories to support the main ideas. Chapter 9: Preparing a Speech Choosing a Topic:
Always pick a topic you know something about and are interested in. Create this Table:

Sports TV Culture Food Music School Social Issues Other Interesting Topics

Inform:

Demonstrate:

Persuade: Speech to Inform:
presents new information to an audience or gives new insights into information that the audience already has. Speech to Demonstrate:
provides a step-by-step demonstration, teaching the audience how to perform a specific task. Speech to Persuade:
tries to change an attitude or belief, or to move an audience to complete a certain action. Specific Purpose:
The goal of the speech, stated in a complete sentence.

Speech: Informative over the history of Halloween

Specific Purpose: "Today I hope to inform you about the history of Halloween." Thesis Statement: A complete sentence that expresses the most important idea or key point about the topic.

Speech: Informative over the history of Halloween

Thesis Statement: "Halloween is a popular holiday that we celebrate now, but has a rich history rooted in Christian and Pagan beliefs and rituals." Supporting Your Thesis Statement Facts: information that can be proved or verified by testing, observing, or research. Opinions: personal beliefs or attitudes
Expert Opinion: an opinion from someone who is considered an authority on the subject Example: a single instance that supports a statement
Illustration: a detailed example providing background information to support the statement Anecdote: a brief, amusing story that gives supporting information in an entertaining way. Statistics: numerical facts that support a claim.
Use sparingly--too many statistics can make a speech boring and distract from the message. Comparisons: a statement that shows similarities and helps listeners connect new information to familiar concepts Figurative Comparison: (simile or metaphor) shows similarities in things that are not alike to create an image.
Ex. Her personality is as bubbly as a freshly-opened can of soda. Literal Comparison: real similarities between two alike things.
Ex. Tom runs slower than George. Definition: explains what a word or concept means. Define anything your audience may not understand. Quotation: expresses someone's exact words. How often should you use a quote? Evaluation Activity:

1. Groups of 3: I will split you up.
2. Each student will present a prepared speech from the textbook: I will provide them for you.
3. The other group members will evaluate the speech and your delivery, answering these questions: (write the evaluations!)

1. What are the general and specific purposes of the speech?
2. What was the thesis statement?
3. What were the main points?
4. How was the speaker's delivery? (tone of voice, eye contact, facial expressions, volume, etc.) Give positive notes and feedback for improvement.
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