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Chaper 6: The Adolescent in Society
Transcript of Chaper 6: The Adolescent in Society
Sexual Behavior The Emergence of Dating Dating Patterns Courtship & Dating Biological Growth & Development Increased Decision
Making & Pressure Undefined Status
& Search for Self SECION 1: - When entering into adolescence, teens no longer fully rely on adults to make the decisions; they must now make decisions for themselves.
- Pressure on adolescents comes both from adults (usually parents & guardians) and peers.
- Universal pressures involve the requirement to do well in school, and the pressure to choose whether to go along with the latest fads and fashions. - Courtship differs from dating in that courtship's express purpose is eventually marriage. Dating on the other hand may eventually lead to marriage.
- Dating in most commonly found in societies that allow individuals to choose their own marriage partners.
- Prior to the rise of dating in the United States, interaction between young men and women was restricted to courtship.
- Courtship was usually conducted in the parlor of the woman's home under close supervision or in a social situation among a group of people. - As a result of the Industrial Revolution, young adults become less dependent on their parents, leading to reduced parental control over courtship and set the stage for the development of dating.
- The development of telephones and automobiles aided the freedom of movement in order for the development of dating.
- Status attainment was a huge role in finding a person to date based on social standings.
- Homogamy; the tendency of individuals to marry people who have social characteristics similar to their own; is still an on-going social attainment. - Traditional dating patterns can still be found in small towns and rural areas of the United States.
- Under the traditional dating system, responsibility for arranging the date fell to the man.
- Both parties knew what was expected of them because the rules of conduct were well defined by the group to which they belonged.
- Dating was so expected and so tied to social status that individuals who did not have dates on prime dating nights were known to hide in their room in shame. - Adolescence can be a turbulent and perplexing time of life.
- As with other social phenomena, the norms governing sexual behavior vary widely from society to society.
- Traditional sexual values in the United States are an outgrowth of Puritan and Victorian sexual morality; according to these views, sexual activity should be confined to marriage.
- In the 1960s & 70s the development of the birth control pill, a youth counterculture, and the feminist movement led to what has been called the "sexual revolution".
- In recent years, the public has become increasingly alarmed over the social consequences of drug abuse.
- Muggings, robberies, and burglaries committed by addicts in search of drug money have become a common occurrence.
- Although these numbers dropped in 1998, more than 200,000 juveniles were arrested in the United States for drug-abuse violations.
- Chief factors of drug use are: having friends who regularly engage in drug use, having social and academic adjustment problems, and living in a hostile and rejecting family setting.
- For teenagers, sexual activities may lead to negative consequences.
- Babies born to teenage mothers have lower birth weights and are more likely to die within the first year of life that babies born to women older than 20.
- Teenagers who become mothers and fathers are less likely to finish high school and college than teenagers who become parents; this is particularly true for teenage mothers.
- Teenage mothers often face significant emotional stress.
Adolescence in Our Society - Puberty is a universal aspect of adolescence in all societies because it is biological, rather than cultural.
- During puberty, adolescents go through
changes in body proportion and spurts of growth in height and weight.
- Teens commonly suffer with complexion problems. More than 40% of adolescents have cases of acne so severe that they seek medical advice and treatment. - While expectations for children and adults are clearly outlined in society, expectations for adolescents are rather vague.
- Some values and styles of dress and music popular among adolescents are accepted by adults. Others are criticized.
- It is then very difficult for adolescents to find acceptance, be an individual, and determine their place and status in society. - Teenagers & Dating Challenges of Adolescence Dating Patterns(cont.) - Because of the level of commitment involved, steady dating acted as a form of anticipatory socialization for marriage.
- Since the 1960's, dating had not followed such formal patterns.
- There are no set stages of dating.
- Both men and women now actively initiate dates.
- There is more equality in dating. Teenage Suicide Brooke Perque & Theresa Dowden - The social problems of teenage drug and alcohol abuse are contributing factors to another serious adolescent problem.
- The rate of suicide among young people in the United States has more than doubled in the past three decades.
- Many suicides are misreported by accidents.
- Sociologists acknowledge that suicide is an act committed by individuals, but they are more interested in the social factors that affect suicide rates.
- Suicide rates increase during periods of social disorganization because the norms that govern behavior weaken or become less clear.