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History of... Flight (the RAF and ATC to follow)

My first go at creating a Prezi
by

Ben Chapman

on 8 December 2013

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Transcript of History of... Flight (the RAF and ATC to follow)

Hot Air
RAF
A sprint through the origins and first 95 years of the Royal Air Force
HISTORY OF THE
History of...
2000
1950
1900
1850
1800
1750
1700
1600
1650
1783
The First Balloons
First balloon flight occured at Annonay in France, 25 April 1783.
It is said that the Brothers were unaware that hot air alone was responsible for the balloon rising
They believed that a special light gas was generated by burning
So they placed a fire under the open neck of a balloon envelope.
Once airborne, the balloon was no longer under the influence of the fire, so as the air cooled, the balloon sank back to the ground after a few minutes.
The Brothers
On 19 September 1783 the Aerostat Réveillon was flown with the first living beings in a basket attached to the balloon.

The sheep was believed to have a reasonable approximation of human physiology. The duck was expected to be unharmed by being lifted aloft. It was included as a control for effects created by the aircraft rather than the altitude. The rooster was included as a further control as it was a bird that did not fly at high altitudes.

This demonstration was performed before a huge crowd at the royal palace in Versailles, before King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette.

The flight lasted approximately eight minutes, covered two miles (3 km), and obtained an altitude of about 1,500 feet (460 m). The craft landed safely after flying.
Animals
Humans
After several tethered tests to gain some experience of controlling the balloon, de Rozier and d'Arlandes made their first untethered flight in a Montgolfier hot air balloon on 21 November 1783, taking off at around 2 p.m. from the garden of the Château de la Muette in the Bois de Boulogne, in the presence of the King.
Their 25-minute flight travelled slowly about 5½ miles (some 9 km) to the southeast, attaining an altitude of 3,000 feet, before returning to the ground at the Butte-aux-Cailles, then on the outskirts of Paris.
First
Public
Flight
A Sheep
A Duck &
A Rooster
H
J Charles
First HYDROGEN-filled Balloon
The 1930s
The Era of the AirShip
September
April
November
Montgolfier
Lighter-Than-Air
WW2
WW1
1914-1918
1939-1945
Heavier-Than-Air
First flown just a month after Rozier's first manned flight in the Montgolfier, J Charles created a much more practical design: One that didn't need constant heating.
December
The flight was made from the gardens of Tuileries in Paris on 1 December 1783, covered 27 miles, and was witnessed by some 400,000 people!
Balloons
Blow
with
the
wind...
go
?
to
want
...Flight
How can we ensure
... that we get to ...
where we
.not here!
.not here!
Quiet
Comfortable
Carry LARGE Cargo
Father of Flight - 1804
Sir George Cayley
Stringfellow Steam Model -1848
A 10-Foot Span, Indoor Model
Pioneering 'Controlled' Flight
Otto Lilienthall
Died in a flying accident, 1896
First Controlled, Powered & Sustained
Heavier-than-Air Human Flight
The Wright Brothers
Kill Devil Hills - 17 December 1903
Samual Cody - 1908
Lord Brabazon - 1909
Louis Bleriot - Pioneer
Scheider Trophy
First Supersonic Flight - 1948
DeHavilland Comet - 1952
Full transcript