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Electric Kilns

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by

Sharon Gardner

on 16 June 2016

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Transcript of Electric Kilns

Electric Kilns
Safety
Beginning with your kiln
Kiln Basics
Kiln Troubleshooting
Tips for Successful Firings
Annual Maintenance

Kiln Basics
1. Keep a kiln log.
2. Full, even kiln loads fire better.
3. Don't put short stacks on the bottom (creates cool spot).
4. ALWAYS review kiln program before starting.
5. Leave a few inches around the thermocouple for an accurate temperature reading.
6. Go slow through the 400-450°F and 1100-1150°F range to avoid cracks
7. Always follow manufacturer's recommendation when determining your target cone

Tips for a successful firing
Beginning Checklist
Locate and read manual.
Perform a visual inspection.
Test fire
Start a kiln log
Check Glazes
Troubleshooting
Test
elements
by running until elements are red hot and visually inspecting any that are not red (or as red) as others
-or-
Test each relay with match or small piece of tissue. Be sure to run vent.


Visually Inspect Relay (melted)
Use 9V battery to test each relay
to control panel
to elements
OR
Elements are the perfect blend of conductivity and insulation
Only heats so long if Volts > Resistance
completes circuit
....like REALLY read...
Looking for:
-soft brick chips touching elements
-sagging elements
-Glaze drips
-rust scale
-burned out/broken element
The majority of kiln misfires come from broken/worn elements
...or bad relays.
This could mean bad news:
Safety
ALWAYS UNPLUG KILN BEFORE PERFORMING MAINTENANCE!!!

ALWAYS treat elements as if they are live when the kiln is plugged in. Kiln parts can fail and be stuck in the "on" position even if the kiln is shut off.

Warning: Kiln dust is hazardous
Regular maintenance includes sweeping your kiln. This should be done with a wet shop vac while wearing a fine particulate respirator.
Basic Maintenance
Annually or Semi-Annually
Sweep out kiln (using wet shop vac + face mask)
Start with top groove of elements and work your way to the bottom
Chip out any glaze drips and patch with kiln cement
Do a visual inspection of lid for any cracks
Small ones will develop, and that's OK.
Document (photos are good) any cracks to note change over time.
Pin back any elements that have shifted out of place
Note: They are brittle! Do this gently, or heat with torch for big moves.
Check power cord for any frayed/melted/exposed
wire.
Keep kiln shelves clear of drips and adequately
covered with kiln wash.

If...Then...
(probably...)
If... one or two elements aren't working (glowing as red, or setting match/tissue on fire)
Then...Replace element(s)

If...More than one or two elements aren't working
Then...replace the relay (kilns usually have three relays)

If...You're uncomfortable
Then...ask for help

Error Codes
(digital only)
Most Common Error Codes
:

Err 1
- Indicates kiln cannot climb fast enough
Check elements and relays
FAIL
- Thermocouple (thermometer) is broken
and needs replaced


Lead Free
Non-Toxic
Read Carefully
Handle with care
Food Safe
When you
Call for Help
Rogier Donker, Donker Studios
or Myself

When you call or e-mail have the following:
Kiln manufacturer and model #
Voltage
Phase (single or triple)
What isn't working
Photos always help :)


Questions?
Full transcript