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AP Geography Ch. 3: Migration

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Bryan Poepperling

on 11 October 2017

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Transcript of AP Geography Ch. 3: Migration

Chapter 3: Migration
Reasons for Migrating
Internal Migration: 2 types
-What are they?
- Define both in notes

International Migration: 2 types
-What are they?
- Define both in notes

- What is the difference between Internal and International
Distance of Migration
Unauthorized Immigration
Mr. Poepperling
Standards and Objectives
Unit/ Theme 2: Population and Migration
Ticket Out of the Door
\1. What is the difference between international and internal migration?

2. Where are the largest flows of migrants internationally?

3. Identify and explain three main eras of immigration to the US
Fig. 3-1: Major source and destination areas of both international and internal refugees.

Refugees: Sources & Destinations

A major natural disaster represents an environmental push factor for forced migration.

Economic Push and Pull Factors

Cultural Push and Pull Factors

Environmental Push and Pull Factors
Hurricane Katrina Migrants

Rohingya: Forced Migration for political and cultural reasons

Fig. 3-2: The major flows of migration are from less developed to more developed countries.

Global Migration Patterns


1. Explain the difference between internal and international migration

2. Describe international migration patterns of immigrants

3. Describe U.S. immigration patterns
Lesson 1

1. Describe the migration patterns of settlers throughout U.S. history

2. Explain how interregional migration has affected at least three different countries

3. Analyze trends within intraregional migration and conclude what the most popular trend is today

Lesson 2
International Migration Patterns
What is the difference between net-in and net-out migration?

How does migration reflect the difference between MDC's and LDC's?
Net Migration (per population)
Fig. 3-3: Net migration per 1000 population. The U.S. has the largest number of immigrants, but other developed countries also have relatively large numbers.
- Three main eras of immigration:

1. Settlement of Colonies
2. Nineteenth-Twentieth Century
3. 1970's and continues today
U.S. Immigration Patterns
Migration to U.S., by Region of Origin
Fig. 3-4: Most migrants to the U.S were from Europe until the 1960s. Since then, Latin America and Asia have become the main sources of immigrants.
Immigration Concerns in Europe
Sources of European
Immigration Issues Today:
Ticket Out Of The Door
1. Where did migrants move interregionally in the U.S. throughout its history?

2. Describe interregional migration in Canada, China, and Brazil

3. What new migration trend do most people follow in MDCs today? Why is this trend happening?
Lesson 3

1. Explain at least three reasons for migrating

2. Analyze the differences between economic migrants and refugees

3. Compare and contrast European and Asian Migrant workers
European and Asian Migrant Workers
Europe's Migrant Workers
Migrant workers in Europe
Fig. 3-9: Guest workers emigrate mainly from Eastern Europe and Southern Europe to work in the wealthier countries of Western and Northern Europe.
Attitudes Towards Immigrants
Ticket Out of the Door
1. What are three reasons for migrating? Give examples.

2. What is the difference between economic migrants
and refugees?

3. Give an example of each different
type of push and pull factors
Chapter 3 Lesson3
Chapter 3 Lesson 2

Where do people migrate within a country?
Chapter 3 Lesson 1
Lesson 4
1. Explain the U.S. and other country's policies on immigration

2. Describe the population characteristics of unauthorized immigrants and the challenges they face

3. Describe the concerns over immigration in the U.S. and in Europe

Ticket Out Of The Door
Chapter 3 Lesson 4
1. Explain the United States' policies on immigration and illegal immigration

2. What are the characteristics of unauthorized immigrants? Explain what challenges they face

3. Describe the concerns over immigration in the U.S. and in Europe
Migration Between Regions Within the United States
- Where did migrants begin in the
United States, and where did they eventually settle?
(Draw a timeline in your notes, and describe each era of migration in the U.S.*)
- 1790: Hugging the coast
- 1800-1840: Crossing the Appalachians
- 1850-1890: Rushing to the gold
- 1900-1940: Filling the Great Plains
- 1950-2010: Moving South
Migration Between Regions in Other Countries
- Name four countries other than the United States and describe their patterns of interregional migration
- Russia
- Canada
- China
- Brazil
Intraregional Migration
- Worldwide, what is the most prominent type of intraregional migration?
Most intraregional migration is from cities to suburbs
- During the late twentieth century, MDCs witnessed a new migration trend: what is it?
- Space time compression and technology contributed to this new trend
Describe interregional migration in these countries in your notes!
Rural to Urban
- Where do people move
in MDCs?
- Counterurbanization
(Urban to suburban)
What are push
and pull factors?
Push: Induces people to leave

Pull: Induces people to move in
What are the
reasons why
people migrate?
, political, environmental
Explain and give
examples of each of
the following in your
Asia, Latin America, Africa
= net-out migration

North America, Europe, and Oceania
= net-in migration
The three largest flows of immigrants internationally are ...
1. Asia to Europe
2. Asia to North America
3. Latin America to North America
- The U.S. have more foreign-born residents than any other country
Controlling Migration
What is the United States' policy on immigrants?
- Quota Laws?
- List and explain each law the U.S. has
What are three different types of
obstacles to migration?
1. Environmental
2. Physical
3. Cultural

- Give an Environmental

- Give a Physical example

- Give a Cultural example
- Describe
each era in your notes
- What is biggest reason for
migration to the U.S.?

- In what stage of the demographic transition were European contries when they sent the most immigrants to the U.S.?
- Economic!
- Second biggest: persecution (becasue of political unrest)
- Think about Zelinsky's migration transition*
- Where are migrants attracted to in this region?
- Describe the guest worker program
and why it does not exist today
Aisa's Migrant Workers
- China's migrants
- Explain where people are finding work in China and why
- Explain where people are finding work in Southwest Asia and in what industry
- Southwest Asia migrants
Qatar Migrant Workers
Chinese Migrants
What is the difference between them?
What are the characteristics of unauthorized immigrants?
- Source country
- Children
- Years in U.S.
- Labor force
- Distribution
Describe each
in your notes
Mexico's border with
the United States

- Describe the border in notes
- Where is it located?

- Describe the different feelings
on the border between Americans and Mexicans
What are the
charateristics of migrants?
Ravenstein noted distinctive gender and family-status patterns in his migration theories:
- Most migrants are male
- Most long-distance migrants are adult individuals rather than families with children
- Gender

- Age and Education

- Concerns in the U.S.
- Most are males
- Why are more females moving recently?
- Young adults seeking work
- Is this true of U.S. immigrants?
All based on Ravenstein's theories*
- Describe the issues some have with immigration law in the U.S.
- Border, workplace, civli rights, local initiatives
Fig. 3-7: California, Texas, and Florida are the leading destinations for undocumented immigrants to the U.S.
Opponents of Immigration
Europeans as Emigrants
- Where are the largest immigration flows?
-Europeans have more rights than ever before to migrate throughout Europe, but non-Europeans do not
- Most stage 4 countries do not like immigrants fueling their population growth
- Explain why in your notes
- Explain the history of people leaving European countries, and how that has changed world culture in your notes
- How has European emigration changed U.S. culture?
- Who is an emigrant?
Where are Migrants distributed?
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