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Party Eras and Realignment Timeline
Transcript of Party Eras and Realignment Timeline
Party Government Conservatives: Federalists Liberals: Democratic-Republicans Critical Election: 1800
Power shifted from the Federalists to the Democratic-Republicans once Jefferson defeated Adams in his reelection bid. This caused the Federalist Party to begin to fade by 1820the party was completely dissolved. Once the Federalist party disbanded, the Democratic-Republicans
were pulled apart by factions as they tried to be all things to all people.
Four separate factions were formed. Each
wanted their own president, but because there was no majority in the
college, the House selected John Quicy Adams. Andrew Jackson would eventually come to dominate one faction. The Whig party was formed to combat Adams. Conservatives: Whigs Liberals: Democratic Party Critical Election: 1828
This election made the American party system into something new. The Democratic-Republicans fundamentally split into two parties - the Democrats and the Whigs. In the 1850s, the slavery issue dominated American politics and a failure to compromise began to divide not only the North and the South, but also the Whigs and the Democrats. Additionally, Andrew Jackson passed away, so the Whig Party lost the impetus that its entire campaign was based upon. This led to the party being disbanded in 1856. The Democratic Party began to transcend into new forms. Conservatives: The Democratic Party Liberals: The Republican Party Critical Election: 1860, 1896
In the absence of the Whig party a number of third parties formed. These parties combined with the Whigs and formed the Republican party. In 1861, Lincoln won on the basis of ending slavery. This led to the Civil War. The result of which would lead to 60 growth years for the Republican Party. Then in the 1896 election, party coalitions shifted and entrenched the Republicans for another generation. For the next 30 years the Republicans would continue to be the nation's prime party. This ended with the stock market crash in 1929. After decades of rule by the Republican party, the stock market crash of 1929 and the following Great Depression led to a long-awaited realignment for the Democrats. Herbert Hoover's (republican) handling of the Depression was extremely poor and led to the election of Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt. Conservatives: The Republican Party Liberals: The Democratic Party Critical Election: 1932
Following the Great Depression, President Herbert Hoover stated that economic depression could not be cured by legislative action. This turned out to be disatrous for the Republican party as American disagreed and voted instead for Franklin D. Roosevelt, who promised the country a New Deal. Franklin D. Roosevelt served 4 terms, and it was not until Dwight D. Eisenhower when the Republicans finally broke the Democrats' grip on power. Republican control, however, did not last long as the Democrats re-took the presidency with John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. It would, however, be Johnson's Vietnam War policies that tore the Democrat Party apart in 1968, leaving the door to the presidency wide open for Republicna Richard Nixon. Conservatives: The Republican Party Liberals: The Democratic Party Critical Election: 1980
In the 1980 election, Ronald Reagan defeated immy Carter, and led the Republicans to eventually control the Senate for the first time in 25 years, and also set the Republicans up to control the House of Representatives later down the road in the 1990s. Prediction:
We believe that the next party realignment will be in the near future. The nations social issues will be the cause of the next realignment. With a mojority of the country and industry supporting gay right, not to mention the democratic party. The realignment will likely cause the republican party to either collapse or a radical shift to a more liberal party. This will most likely be caused by some extreme event that is unpredictable until it happens. (Not the hair kind) Maggie & Broc