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Chapter 5:1 The Culture of Ancient Greece
Transcript of Chapter 5:1 The Culture of Ancient Greece
Question to ponder
Myths are traditional stories about gods and heroes.
They expressed the Greek's religious beliefs
They believed the gods lived on Mount Olympus and affected their lives and events in history.
They were not believed to be all powerful, but had flaws like humans.
Greeks believed all had a fate and a destiny, and that prophecy could inform them of the inevitable.
To find out about the future, they visited the oracle.
This was a temple/sacred shrine, where a priestess spoke from a god or goddess
The most famous was the oracle at the Temple of Apollo at Delphi.
Answers usually came in riddles...
Greek Poetry & Fables
Greek poems and stories are the oldest in the Western world.
Earliest Greek stories were epics.
These are long poems that told about heroic deeds.
The most famous Greek epics are The Iliad and The Odyssey by Homer.
A Greek slave named Aesop made up fables.
These are stories that teach a lesson.
The Tortoise and the Hare
Examples of Greek gods
What do you know about the history of Greek culture?
Where did you learn it from?
Drama is a story told by actors who pretend to be characters in a story.
-Tragedy - a person struggles to overcome difficulties but fails... It has an unhappy ending.
-Comedy - story that ends happy.
3 best known writers of Greek tragedies.
Greek Drama Dealt with BIG QUESTIONS...
What is the nature of good and evil?
What rights should people have?
What role do gods play in our lives?
Greek Art and Architecture