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The lottery by Shirley Jackson

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deena mustafa

on 17 September 2013

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Transcript of The lottery by Shirley Jackson

Discussion Questions
1. How do you feel about the old fashioned tradition of women taking their husbands family name? What does it say about our society?
2. Do you think people would react differently if Bill Hutchinson won the lottery and protested it?
3.Do you think it’s luck that Old Man Warner still hasn’t been picked for the lottery or by some twisted way is being kept around to remind people that the lottery should continue?
4.Is the lottery a collective act of murder? Is it morally justified? Is tradition sufficient justification for such actions? How would you respond to cultures that are different from ours that perform "strange" rituals?
Good vs. Evil
One of many examples of good vs. evil in the story is basically comparing the kids and Society. Here the kids are presumed innocent and have to comply with the traditions and rituals that the society leads and the children have no say in them and follow along. Furthermore the society is portrayed as representing evil is due to the fact that not everyone in the society is for this traditional sacrifice. Everyone is very impatient as the lottery was being held and wanted to get over it. They were all in a hurry and were very selfish.
The lottery by Shirley Jackson
Evidence of Feminism
Differences between Men and Women

Feminist and Archetypal
theory

There are many examples in this story that show us how
different men and women were treated in this society.
The first significant difference in this story is shown when the lottery is being conducted. Then men who are considered the head of the household are favoured to draw for their families.
In the story Mrs. Dunbar is questioned when she volunteers to draw for her husband who is sick. Mr. Summers would rather have her young son draw instead probably because she is a woman.
The men in general seemed to have more say as to the decisions that were being made in the actual lottery more than the women who would generally stand behind their husbands. The children seem to show more respect to their father more than their mother which is a sign of who has the authority.
Judging from the divide between men and women you can assume that this story was set in a period when women didn't have as many rights as we do today.

Daily life of Women
The women are portrayed as the stereotypical housewife in this story. The women do all the housework and take care of the children. They exchange mini gossip amongst one another and follow their husbands.
They are described in the story as doing the dishes and wearing dull dresses which tells us that they were probably not treated very lavishly by their husbands.
Tessie Hutchinson tells us in the story that she was late to the lottery because she could not leave the dishes in the sink which proves what roles the women have in their household.
This story clearly shows that the men have if not all but most of the power. They are the decisions makers and are in control of their families.
The men in this story are the bread winners for their families which is probably why they have more say.
Mr. Summers is one of the men who has much power in the story since he conducts the lottery.
Tessie Hutchinson tries to use her power to question the results of the lottery but has no luck because no one would listen to her and is even told by her husband to shut up. This is a great example of how men have much more power.
Who has more power in the story?
General Insight
Story was published by author Shirley Jackson in 1948. She wrote it to make a point about society.
Critically acclaimed story that sparked much controversy among people and many countries
Shows what rituals and its beliefs can do to a community.
The lottery is a yearly event that takes place in order to offer a sacrifice for crops.
Main characters in the story : Mr. Summers , Tessie and Bill Hutchinson, and Mrs. Delacroix.
For the most part the women in the story generally refer to each other by their first names when addressing each other. When the narrator is telling the story the women are referred to by their husbands family name. This tells us that women like in today's society have always taken their husbands last names.
"Missus" is also a term used to address the women in this town. This is a term that was used by the men to tell someone their wife had arrived.
Words used to describe Women and the biases that they reveal
Archetypal Evidence
The ritual
In the story the lottery it displayed how a black box with paper inside it was a traditional ritual that the society followed and abided by. It was there form of belief which they assumed that will lead them to prosper in their agriculture. They all had strong hope and faith that whoever the box chooses was a form of exchange or sacrifice for them to amass health crops for the future well being of their society.
Death and rebirth
An example of death and rebirth would be that death was represented by the sacrifice of Tessie and rebirth was represented in the form of healthy crops. In the story old man Warner chants saying, “lottery in June heavy corn soon”, furthermore we can conclude that this statement indicates that performing the lottery will in turn have plenty of crops for the future.



Fall from grace
An example of fall from grace would be Mrs. Delacroix. She was a very nice and friendly lady towards Tessie. In the story it seemed as though Tessie and Mrs. Delacroix were old friends and very close. However the character of Mrs. Delacroix took a 360 turn as she found out her friend Tessie was the chosen one she became very diligent to get herself involved and was the first to pick out the largest rock and head towards Tessie telling everyone to come along and hurry. Here it shows how Mrs. Delacroix was friendly than suddenly became against her friend by choosing the largest rock to hit Tessie with. Furthermore Tessie’s own loving family also goes against her as the lottery was picked out by all of her family members. Every one of her family members was relieved except for Tessie.
Feminism
Archetypal
The feminist theory talks about the inequality
or divide between men and women in our society and what we can do to change this. Feminism can be analyzed by many different factors such a race, education, and civil status.

Explains and compares different characteristics and behaviors of characters.
Shows how characters in the story show a complexity in their roles and what their true meaning in the story is.
created by:
Deena M. Mustafa
Zia Noori
The wrap up...
The conducting of the lottery plays an important role for the well being of their society and preserves the upbringing of the towns’ continuous legacy. Furthermore, it enriches their society with what they believe as “lottery in June heavy corn soon’, to better accept the fate and outcome of what the box chose for their people.
Full transcript