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Sensory Processing Disorder

A presentation on SPD to inform middle school students about different learning disabilities in a Leadership Class.
by

Andrea Guthridge

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of Sensory Processing Disorder

Famous People with Sensory Processing Disorder...
Due to the recent discovery, the fact it typically accompanies other disorders, and misdiagnosis there is not currently any lists of famous people who are diagnosed with SPD.
What is Sensory Processing Disorder?
Sensory Processing Disorder (sometimes called Sensory Integration) is a learning disability that changes the way the nervous system receives messages from the senses and turns them into appropriate motor and behavioral responses

Sensory Processing Disorder

What is it like?
- A stimulus (plural stimuli) is a detectable change in the internal or external environment
- A stimulus creates a chemical signal that is released in your body and travels to the brain
-When a stimulus is applied to a sensory receptor, it normally elicits or influences a reflex

How Do We Process Senses?
Our Senses:
-Sight
-Taste
-Hearing
-Touch
-Smell
-Movement (vestibular)
-Positional (proprioception)

Humans monitor changes in our environment using our five senses which create stimuli.


How We Make Sense of the World...
- Neuroscientist A. Jean Ayres, PhD, likened SPD to a neurological "traffic jam"
- SPD prevents parts of the brain from receiving the information needed to interpret sensory information correctly
What's it like with Sensory Processing Disorder?
-Research suggests that SPD is often inherited
- Prenatal, birth complications. and environmental factors may be involved

What Causes SPD?
Who has SPD?
Often times SPD is paired with other learning disorders and psychological abnormalities including :
ADHD
Autism
Aspergers
Fragile X syndrome
Anxiety
Depression
OCD
Giftedness
About one in twenty people in the general population may be affected by SPD

Persons with SPD are just as intelligent as their peers (many are intellectually gifted)
They need to be taught how to adapt their response and they process information
Treatment
-Occupational Therapy
-Listening Therapy
-The Wilbarger Protocol
-Craniosacral Therapy
-Acupuncture
-Diet and Sleep Routines
Many People with SPD benefit from...
Symptoms
- SPD effects every part of an individual's life
- A person with SPD cannot process and act upon information received through the senses in a typical fashion
What does SPD look like?
Sensory Processing Disorder can affect people in only one sense–for example, just touch or just sight or just movement–or in multiple senses
SPD looks different for every individual due to the sense(s) it impacts:
Common symptoms include:
motor clumsiness
behavioral problems
social problems
anxiety
depression
trouble in school including: reading, writing, and focus




Signs of SPD
Full transcript