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Transcript of Plato
Greek word for "artisan"
Above the Sky
The myth of the Cavern
Theory of Forms
Also known as theory of ideas.
What is it about?
It is the main theory of Plato, and contains every aspect of his philosophy.
It will surely be asked in your exam.
Remember the myth of the cavern
Sun -> Truth (Perfect forms or ideas)
Shadows -> Illusions (Every day objects)
Prisoners-> Normal Humans
Free man-> Philosopher
The place where true forms are.
It sees the forms, comprehends them, and creates everyday objects accordingly, which are inferior in quality to the perfect forms.
Plato is a nickname
Real name is unknown, most historians think it was "Aristocles"
Founder of the Academy
Where he tries to apply Socrates teachings.
Therefore, they developed dialectics.
Therefore, we never learn things. We remember them.
The myth of the chariot
We were there, in topus uranus, with two horses. One was black, and passionate. The other one was white, and intelligent. When we fail to dominate them, we fall from topus uranus, and become humans.
Three main ideas
"Bueno, bonito y barato."
Good, Beauty, Truth
When the three main ideas exist, everything es perfect
Taking care of your body
Taking care of your soul
Taking care of your mind
Good for something
True to itself