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For my best gal Nicole-From Tantrums to "Talking": Expanding the Communication Repertoire of Early Communicators

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Crystal Hansen

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of For my best gal Nicole-From Tantrums to "Talking": Expanding the Communication Repertoire of Early Communicators

Communication
Behavior
Start with naturally occurring behaviors. This is the base for learning.
Developing joint attention
Get down on their level and initiate eye contact
Imitate their vocalizations, and their actions
Use exaggerated positive affect
Use single positive words, "Wow," "Look," "Ohh"
Making Choices
Requesting
Gaining Attention
Rejecting
Thank you!
From Tantrums to Talking: Expanding the Communication Repertoire of Early Communicators
Maci Spica, M.A., Behavior Specialist
Crystal Hansen, M.S., LSSP
Get the Team
Together
Important Stuff about Functional Communication
Tangible
Sensory
Social Attention
Escape
https://www.communicationmatrix.org
Every behavior is communicative, and every communication is a behavior

The expansive nature of reform efforts requires all educators to work in partnership. Therefore, SLPs must work effectively and collegially with a number of different constituencies within the school and larger community, bringing to the effort the unique contributions for which their academic programs have prepared them. It is essential to work with administrators, teachers, and support services personnel to identify and meet student needs. Partnerships with parents/guardians and the students themselves are also a focus, with specific requirements driven by law. Partnerships with universities lay the foundation for a larger network of professionals participating in educational reform.

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. (2000). Guidelines for the roles and responsibilities of the school-based speech-language pathologist [Guidelines]. Available from www.asha.org/policy.
Development
of Effective
Communication
Learning Readiness
Joint Attention
Natural Consequences
Readiness to Learn:


Symbol Set
Symbol Sets
Intentional Behavior

Unconventional Communication
Conventional Commnication
Concrete Symbols
Abstract Symbols
Language
Intentional Behavior
Eye Gaze
Body Movements
Vocalizations
Facial Expressions

Unconventional Communication
Simple Gestures that are not socially acceptable for older children or adults
Tugging on People
Pushing or pulling toward/away from an item

Concrete Symbols
Pictures
Objects
Sounds

Conventional Communication
Socially acceptable gestures
Waving
Hugging
Nodding/shaking head


Abstract Symbols
Speech
Manual Sign
Printed Word

Language
2-3 word symbol combinations

Sources
Quality Indicators for Assistive Technology:
http://indicators.knowbility.org/

National Autism Center- National Standards Report:
http://www.nationalautismcenter.org/

ASHA: http://www.asha.org/

Communication Matrix: http://communicationmatrix.org/

McCloskey, George (2011). Executive Functions: A General Overview. Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine.



Natural consequences
are highy effective
because they occur most easily
Within
.5 seconds
Priming Communicative Behavior
Antecedent
Behavior
Consequence
Through antecedent
manipulation
Use immediate,
natural consequences
Antecedent manipulation and natural consequences serve to shape symbol sets by increasing the likelihood of the communicative behavior and then pairing the behavior with reinforcement within 5 seconds of the behavior.

From there you can shape the behavior to move communication from unconventional to conventional
Beliefs...
Everyone communicates
The Skinny on FBAs
Key components to consider when developing functional communication...
1. Joint Attention

2. Initiation

3. Natural Consequences

4. Symbols Sets
OBJECTIVES
VB MAPP
Picture Exchange Communication System
Joint Attention
Initiation
To support you in taking the perspective of the communicator and start shaping communication from their attempts rather than your desire

Communication is more than talking
is the shared focus of two individuals on an object. It is achieved when one individual alerts another to an object by means of eye-gazing, pointing or other verbal or non-verbal indications. An individual gazes at another individual, points to an object and then returns their gaze to the individual.
Directing and focusing attentional processes, screening out interference and distractions, and sustaining attention
McCloskey (2011)
Natural Consequences
are outcomes that happen as a result of behavior that are not planned or controlled
Pryor & Tollerud, 1999
Symbol Sets
an action, object, event, etc., that expresses or represents a particular idea or quality
Determine the
function
of the behavior
Implement Plan
Collect Data
Let's get weird. Let's get familiar.
Forever....
The Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Placement Program: The VB-MAPP is a criterion-referenced assessment tool, curriculum guide, and skill tracking system that is designed for children with autism, and other individuals who demonstrate language delays. The VB-MAPP is based on B.F. Skinner’s (1957) analysis of verbal behavior, established developmental milestones, and research from the field of behavior analysis.
Communication Matrix
The Picture Exchange Communication System
PECS was developed in 1985 as a unique augmentative/alternative communication intervention package for individuals with autism spectrum disorder and related developmental disabilities. First used at the Delaware Autistic Program, PECS has received worldwide recognition for focusing on the initiation component of communication. PECS does not require complex or expensive materials. It was created with families, educators, and resident care providers in mind, so is readily used in a range of settings.
Everything is behavior and why we do something
is different for each person within each circumstance
Behavior is a tricky thing
Desire to fit in
Precipitating event: Running late this morning
Diagnosis of ADHD
Unstructured time and dysregulation
Trying to communicate and
likes sticks
You are the best!
Developing communication is about more the process than the outcome. Go get uncomfortable and communicate.
Start where your child
is successful and
from their perspective.
Join them where they
are at.

A super EXTRA special thank you to Hyperbole and a Half
by Allie Brosh. The blog
from which all awesome
art comes. Thank you
for always making our lives
and presentations sillier.
Developing initiation
Use highly motivating activities
Start where the child is demonstrating a skill or interest
You initate engaging in highly motivating
and reinforcing play. Keep the interaction
short and positive.
Full transcript