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Personality Factors in Language Learning
Transcript of Personality Factors in Language Learning
What is LLA?
How does LLA affect
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
How does anxiety affect language learning?
Inability to understand and be understood
Native language ability
Causes of anxiety?
Introversion & Extraversion
How is Anxiety Measured?
Trait and State:
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)
Manifest Anxiety Scale (MAS)
French Class Anxiety Scales
English Use Anxiety
English Test Anxiety
Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale
Investigating Language Class
Anxiety Using the Forced Essay
Materials- 6 Scales Used
1. French Use Anxiety
2. French Class Anxiety
3. Personal Report of Communication Apprehension
4. Fear of Negative Evaluation
5. Trait Anxiety
6. State Anxiety
2. Can Do
3. Production Tasks
"The relationship between paper and pencil measures of anxiety and physiological measures have been studied for years and contradictory evidence is the rule. . . Generally, there is a low correlation between clinically rated anxiety, self-rated anxiety, and psychometric anxiety."
Do you think this questionnaire was reliable and valid in measuring your anxiety level?
What are the strengths and weaknesses of these various methods of LLA assessment?
Jung; Briggs and Briggs Myers
“When I’m in my Spanish class I just freeze! I can’t think of a thing when my teacher calls on me. My mind goes blank.” (Horwitz, Horwitz and Cope, p.125)
Extraversion - Introversion (E - I)
Sensing - Intuiting (S - N)
Thinking - Feeling (T - F)
Judging - Perceiving (J - P)
Ying Zheng (2008)
Eric Wong (2011)
Shahila Zafar and K. Meenakshi (2011)
Lori Czerwionka (2009)
Why should we care about LLA?
"High levels of FLA in the classroom cause negative affective reactions and can induce negative attitudes and discourage students from continuing their language study"
-MacIntyre and Gardner
WE CAN DO ANYTHING GOOD!
- Reap the benefits of fear
-Let go of things you can't control
- Shift your point of view
anxiety --> fear --> action --> SUCCESS
"What am I afraid of in this situation?
What can I do about it?
- giving up control
“the key is to have high involvement in the process and low attachment to any particular outcome.” (Gesell, 2009)
Change your view point
- use your laughing self as a role model
1. Plan, prepare, practice
3. First 60 seconds
4. Think positively
6. Inhale -> speak
7. Experience ↑ confidence
A few tips from Young:
1. Recognize fear
2. Anxiety graph
3. Journal writing
4. Join a club
5. Teacher as facilitator
6. Correction manner
“According to Young’s language learners, instructors who had a good sense of humor and were friendly, relaxed and patient, who made students feel comfortable, and who encouraged students to speak out were cited as helpful in reducing foreign language class anxiety.”