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Personality Factors in Language Learning

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Meghan Casey

on 27 October 2013

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Transcript of Personality Factors in Language Learning

Personality in Language Learning
What is LLA?
Personality Types
Teaching Implications
How does LLA affect
the Learner?
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
How does anxiety affect language learning?
Self-Motivation
Accents
Inability to understand and be understood
Native language ability
Age
Causes of anxiety?
Introversion & Extraversion
State
Trait
How is Anxiety Measured?
Trait and State:
State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)
Manifest Anxiety Scale (MAS)
IPAT scale
S-R Inventory
Zuckerman's measures
Situation:
French Class Anxiety Scales
English Use Anxiety
English Test Anxiety
Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale
Investigating Language Class
Anxiety Using the Forced Essay
Technique
Materials- 6 Scales Used
1. French Use Anxiety
2. French Class Anxiety
3. Personal Report of Communication Apprehension
4. Fear of Negative Evaluation
5. Trait Anxiety
6. State Anxiety
Also Used
1. Essay
2. Can Do
3. Production Tasks
4. Anxometers
"The relationship between paper and pencil measures of anxiety and physiological measures have been studied for years and contradictory evidence is the rule. . . Generally, there is a low correlation between clinically rated anxiety, self-rated anxiety, and psychometric anxiety."
Questions
Do you think this questionnaire was reliable and valid in measuring your anxiety level?
What are the strengths and weaknesses of these various methods of LLA assessment?
Jung; Briggs and Briggs Myers
“When I’m in my Spanish class I just freeze! I can’t think of a thing when my teacher calls on me. My mind goes blank.” (Horwitz, Horwitz and Cope, p.125)
Extraversion - Introversion (E - I)
Sensing - Intuiting (S - N)
Thinking - Feeling (T - F)
Judging - Perceiving (J - P)
Ying Zheng (2008)
Eric Wong (2011)
Shahila Zafar and K. Meenakshi (2011)
Lori Czerwionka (2009)
Why should we care about LLA?
Avoidance
"High levels of FLA in the classroom cause negative affective reactions and can induce negative attitudes and discourage students from continuing their language study"
-MacIntyre and Gardner
WE CAN DO ANYTHING GOOD!
HUMOR
- Reap the benefits of fear
-Let go of things you can't control
- Shift your point of view
anxiety --> fear --> action --> SUCCESS
"What am I afraid of in this situation?
What can I do about it?
Improv games
- giving up control
“the key is to have high involvement in the process and low attachment to any particular outcome.” (Gesell, 2009)
Change your view point
- use your laughing self as a role model
Li-Shih's Advice
1. Plan, prepare, practice
2. Breathe
3. First 60 seconds
4. Think positively
5. Warm-up
6. Inhale -> speak
7. Experience ↑ confidence
A few tips from Young:
1. Recognize fear
2. Anxiety graph
3. Journal writing
4. Join a club
5. Teacher as facilitator
6. Correction manner
“According to Young’s language learners, instructors who had a good sense of humor and were friendly, relaxed and patient, who made students feel comfortable, and who encouraged students to speak out were cited as helpful in reducing foreign language class anxiety.”
Full transcript