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Jazz Music

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Craig Manchester

on 18 June 2012

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Transcript of Jazz Music

Jazz Music What is Jazz? Improvisation The Evolution of Jazz Blues, work songs, ragtime, spirituals, and minstrel songs were all part of the great "Africanization of American music" this originated by enslaved Africans in the southern United States. Jazz music is said to be the greatest of the musical forms developed in this process - Jazz is one of the major American contributions to world culture. Jazz music primarily began in New Orleans New Orleans was a thriving port of imigration,
where A mericans lived side by side with Africans,
Italians, Germans, Irish, French, Mexicans and Cubans At the turn of the twentieth century the conditions were ripe for the development of Jazz Concepts of Polyrhythm and improvisation within a group is something that was inherent in west african drumming These African concepts are now a deep foundation on which most popular music is based. This unprecidented ethnic diversity allowed
for a free and easy exchange of musical ideas between cultures Jazz music has evolved overtime, this evolution has taken place stylistically and through technological innovation, however, the spirit of jazz remains the same. Extended Chords e.g. 7ths, 9ths, 13ths etc Perhaps the most important word for a Jazz Musician or Jazz Music in general is: Improvisation What is collective Imrovisation? Creating a piece of music without premeditation Making music ‘On the Spot’ Using your own resources to create something new and fresh Speaking from your heart “Taking a scale and making it wail” (Louis Armstrong) “Jazz has got to have that thing. You have to be born with it. You can’t learn it. You can’t buy it and no critic can put it into any words. It speaks in the music. It speaks for itself.”

Miles Davis Jazz Music has evolved overtime into these main genres; Ragtime and Dixie Land, Swing, BeBop, Cool Jazz, Hard Bop, Free Jazz, Jazz Fusion, Acid Jazz, Latin Jazz. Ragtime and Dixie Land (1920s) Swing (1930’s) BeBop (1940’s) Cool Jazz (1950’s) Free Jazz (1950’s and 1960’s) Jazz Fusion (1970’s) (1990’s) (1940's) Ensemble Improvisations
Stride Piano Free Jazz is seen by many as an avant-garde art form rather than a type of jazz with its unpredictable rhythm and chord progressions.

The exponents of Free Jazz abandoned traditional forms to extend the music’s creative possibilities.

Free Jazz musicians ignored keys, chord structures, time signatures and melodies.

This unique contrapuntal and improvisational approach has inspired all musicians to expand the possibilities of music. Miles Davis album ‘Bitches Brew’ is considered one of the first fusion albums. It combined modal jazz with the rock guitar style and so introduced jazz to a wider audience. In The Begininng New Orleans Learning Objectives and Outcomes Todays Lesson In todays lesson we will... Task One - What is Jazz Music

Task Two - The Evolution of Jazz Music Presentation

Task Three - Create a Mind map of the evolution of Jazz Music But First... Correctly match these sub genres of Jazz to the right track Track One Be Bop

Track Two DixieLand

Track Three Cool Jazz

Track Four Jazz Fusion

Track Five Swing

Track Six Latin Jazz

Track Seven Acid jazz Listening Activity Task One Individually write a paragraph that best describes the musical characteristics of Jazz Music Task Two Task Two The popularity of jazz hit a peak after the depression years of 1929-1933. Swing music is a style of jazz primarily played by ‘Big Bands’ e.g ‘Count Basie’s Big Band Big Bands consisted of 16 - 20 musicians and used a strong rhythm section, woodwind section and brass section. Swing music was as commercially viable as Rap music is today Swing music used sophisticated harmony
Open and closed harmony BeBop was seen as a natural progression for jazz BeBop had an innovative approach to harmony and rhythm. BeBop often used modes, which previously had been rare. BeBop experimented with timesignature changes and tempo changes It was the soloists that made BeBop e.g Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie, Thelonious Monk, Miles Davis etc Latin Jazz was around at the same time as BeBop Latin Jazz is commonly defined as the fusion of American jazz melodies, improvisation and chords with Latin American rhythms. Key exponents of this music are: the already popular Dizzy Gillespie, Mario Bauza, Machito, Danilo Perez etc The laid back sound of Cool Jazz was created by using instruments, which had previously been used in the rhythm section to provide the melody Cool Jazz was created almost as a reaction to BeBop. A pioneer of this style was Mile Davis, evidenced in his 1949 album ‘Birth of the Cool’. Miles used middle register trumpet soloing techniques, which was in contrast with the high note virtuosity of his idol, Dizzy Gillespie. Bebops frantic virtuosity had come to an end The band ‘Weather Report’ includes celebrated musicians such as Wayne Shorter, Joe Zawinul and Jaco Pastorious. Fusion can be applied to any music that blends two or more different styles. Acid Jazz is lively, groove orientated music that combines elements from jazz, funk and hip hop Acid Jazz was one the most significant jazz form to emerge out of the British music scene. There are many exponents of this music e.g Courtney Pine, Jamiroquai Task Three Create a Mind Map of the 'Evolution of Jazz Music' Thank You All students will be able to describe the historical and musical progression of Jazz Music

All students will be ble to aurally identify the different sub genres of Jazz Music.

The majority of students will be able to synthesise a creative document based this new information
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