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Building and Organizing your Speech

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Kelsie Brunson

on 17 November 2014

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Transcript of Building and Organizing your Speech

Building and Organizing your Speech
The Tell, Tell, Tell Method
The Introduction
The introduction does four things:

1. Gets the attention of the audience

2. Provides a clear link from your attention-getter to your speech topic, or thesis statement.

3. Gives your specific thesis statement.

4. Presents a preview of the major areas that will be discussed, or the preview statement.

Thesis Statement
This is the time to tell your audience exactly what you will be speaking about
Example: Therefore, I want to talk to you today about how it takes hard work and a sound work ethic if you want to get ahead academically.”

Thesis should clarify the overall goal of your speech
(to inform, persuade or entertain)
and state your specific topic
Let’s look at some examples…

The Body
The heart, the brain of the entire speech

This is where the substance of your speech resides

It’s essential to have a good outline and organizational pattern

The Conclusion
Don’t EVER end your speech with…

That’s it!
I’m done!
My speech is over!
The end!

1. Tell ‘em what you’re going to tell ‘em, (intro)

2. Tell ‘em (body)

3. Then, tell ‘em what you told ‘em (conclusion)

The Introduction
How do you start your speech?

Attention Getter
Don’t EVER start your speech with…

Hi, my name is …. and today I’m going to talk to you about ….

OR

My speech is about…

1.
Humor-
Everyone likes a joke
Humor is refreshing
You must ask yourself what type of humor works for you
Is it appropriate for your speech topic?
What happens if no one laughs?
You need to be certain this will get you off to a solid start

2.
Asking Questions-
This fires up the audience’s curiosity about your topic
Makes them active participants in your speech
But, what will you do if someone answers your rhetorical question during your speech?
This may be a risky set up

3.
Making References-
Might refer to people in the audience, physical surroundings, significance of the occasion
Allows you to be conversational and congenial with your audience
Be careful using this one! Make sure you can tie the reference into your speech

4.
Startling Statement-
Jolt your audience into paying attention
Use to arouse curiosity
Use startling statistics, surprising data
Be careful not to offend your audience with something too startling
Let’s look at an example…

5.
Giving a Quotation-
Repeating the exact words of someone else and giving them the credit
Can add a degree of style and sophistication
Quotes are abundant; easy to find
Easy to find one to fit your needs
Choose quotations that are clear and appropriate for your speech topic
Quote well-known, respected people or not…it’s okay to use light hearted ones too

6.
Telling a Story-
Everyone loves a story, especially one told well
Your stories give you a personality and likeability with your audience
***Must be short and to the point!***
Best ones hold interest of audience and lead clearly into your speech topic
Don’t have to be personal, they can be accounts about other people, places, events

Serves two purposes:

1. The statement that comes between the attention-getter and the thesis statement and logically connects the two

2. Develop a “bridge” between the audience and the topic

Show how it’s relevant to their lives
Normally only 1-2 sentences
Let’s look at an example…

The Link
Example:
Attention-getter (story about hard
work in football practice)…

Just as hard work pays off in athletics,
hard work also pays off in school.

Therefore, I want to talk to you
today about how it takes hard
work and a sound work ethic if
you want to get ahead academically.”

Attention-Getter


Link (Bridge)


Thesis Statement

Examples:

“Today, I will inform you about…”

“My goal is to explain…”

“With this information, I hope you will better understand…”

Gives the audience an overview of the major areas that will be discussed in the body of the speech.


Example: If you were giving a speech on the negative effects of alcohol, your preview statement might mention alcohol’s
1.)physical,
2.)mental and
3.)societal effects.

This makes the speech easier to follow

Preview Statement
Introduction

Attention Getter: Song

Link: Question

Thesis: How to make a birthday cake

Preview
A. Ingredients & Prep
B. Mixing
C. Baking
D. Decorating

What do you say in your speech?

The Body
Main Headings: major divisions of your speech
Represent the main ideas you will cover
You need 2-4 main ideas to have a well-rounded speech
Demonstration Speech: Divide your steps into 2-4 main categories and then list all of the detailed steps under those main categories. (See the “Cake” example)

Supporting Material:
information that supports and reinforces the main headings of a speech. **Supporting material is not to be confused with details, which are more specific.
I. Main Idea
A. Supporting Material
B. Supporting Material
C. Supporting Material

The Speech Outline
The Conclusion
How do you end your speech?
Two Parts of the Conclusion:
1. Restate Thesis/Summarize Main Ideas
2. Clincher (Relate Back to Attention Getter)

Summary:
Remind your audience of the main ideas/headings in speech
But, don’t repeat everything you just said in your speech
Restate your thesis

The Conclusion
The Clincher (The Final Impression):

Relate Back to your Attention Getter.

This will bring your speech full circle and crystallize your message in your audience’s mind.

This is the last thing the audience will hear you say; make it count!

The Conclusion
Conclusion

Summary & Restate Thesis
Now you can make your own birthday cakes!
The Four Simple Steps

Clincher: Relate to Happy Birthday Song

Introduction

Attention Getter: Quote about birthdays & Story about my 5th birthday

Link: Since so many interesting things always seem to happen to me on my birthday,
it made me wonder what else has happened around the world on this special day.

Thesis: I want to share a few of those events with you today.

Preview:
Event #1 (List the events here)
Event #2
Event #3

Around the World on Your Birthday Sample Outline
II. Body
I. Event #1
a. Supporting Detail
1. sub point (optional)
2. sub point (optional)
b. Supporting Detail
c. Supporting Detail

Repeat this step for each Event…

III. Conclusion

I. Summarize & Restate Thesis: Now we all know that February 7th is known for much more around the world than just my birthday
a. Event #1
b. Event #2
C. Event #3

II. Clincher: Relate back to quote and my story

Organizing Your Speech
Organization means you:
Have a plan
Use clear communication
This way you will not miss a step

Speech Outline Format
Main Headings:
are the major divisions, areas, or arguments of your purpose
statement (they do not have any number/letter/Roman numeral by them)
Purpose Statement
Introduction
Body
Conclusion

Outlining Your Speech
Purpose Statement:
(no Roman Numeral, number, letter)
States both your selected speech topic and your specific purpose in speaking.
Ex: The purpose of this speech is to inform the audience about the pros and cons
of midyear high school graduation for seniors.

Four Parts
I.
Attention Getter
A. Link
II.
The Thesis Statement
A. The Preview Statement
B. “ “
C. “ “

A. B. C. of Preview Statement in the Introduction
become I. II. III. Of the Body

Example:
I. This leads me to my first point…
II. Moving on to my second point…
II. Finally, lets look at…)

The Body: Organizational Patterns
Chronological Pattern
Climactic Pattern
Spatial Pattern
Cause-Effect Pattern
Problem-Solution Pattern
Full transcript