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Building and Organizing your Speech
Transcript of Building and Organizing your Speech
The Tell, Tell, Tell Method
The introduction does four things:
1. Gets the attention of the audience
2. Provides a clear link from your attention-getter to your speech topic, or thesis statement.
3. Gives your specific thesis statement.
4. Presents a preview of the major areas that will be discussed, or the preview statement.
This is the time to tell your audience exactly what you will be speaking about
Example: Therefore, I want to talk to you today about how it takes hard work and a sound work ethic if you want to get ahead academically.”
Thesis should clarify the overall goal of your speech
(to inform, persuade or entertain)
and state your specific topic
Let’s look at some examples…
The heart, the brain of the entire speech
This is where the substance of your speech resides
It’s essential to have a good outline and organizational pattern
Don’t EVER end your speech with…
My speech is over!
1. Tell ‘em what you’re going to tell ‘em, (intro)
2. Tell ‘em (body)
3. Then, tell ‘em what you told ‘em (conclusion)
How do you start your speech?
Don’t EVER start your speech with…
Hi, my name is …. and today I’m going to talk to you about ….
My speech is about…
Everyone likes a joke
Humor is refreshing
You must ask yourself what type of humor works for you
Is it appropriate for your speech topic?
What happens if no one laughs?
You need to be certain this will get you off to a solid start
This fires up the audience’s curiosity about your topic
Makes them active participants in your speech
But, what will you do if someone answers your rhetorical question during your speech?
This may be a risky set up
Might refer to people in the audience, physical surroundings, significance of the occasion
Allows you to be conversational and congenial with your audience
Be careful using this one! Make sure you can tie the reference into your speech
Jolt your audience into paying attention
Use to arouse curiosity
Use startling statistics, surprising data
Be careful not to offend your audience with something too startling
Let’s look at an example…
Giving a Quotation-
Repeating the exact words of someone else and giving them the credit
Can add a degree of style and sophistication
Quotes are abundant; easy to find
Easy to find one to fit your needs
Choose quotations that are clear and appropriate for your speech topic
Quote well-known, respected people or not…it’s okay to use light hearted ones too
Telling a Story-
Everyone loves a story, especially one told well
Your stories give you a personality and likeability with your audience
***Must be short and to the point!***
Best ones hold interest of audience and lead clearly into your speech topic
Don’t have to be personal, they can be accounts about other people, places, events
Serves two purposes:
1. The statement that comes between the attention-getter and the thesis statement and logically connects the two
2. Develop a “bridge” between the audience and the topic
Show how it’s relevant to their lives
Normally only 1-2 sentences
Let’s look at an example…
Attention-getter (story about hard
work in football practice)…
Just as hard work pays off in athletics,
hard work also pays off in school.
Therefore, I want to talk to you
today about how it takes hard
work and a sound work ethic if
you want to get ahead academically.”
“Today, I will inform you about…”
“My goal is to explain…”
“With this information, I hope you will better understand…”
Gives the audience an overview of the major areas that will be discussed in the body of the speech.
Example: If you were giving a speech on the negative effects of alcohol, your preview statement might mention alcohol’s
This makes the speech easier to follow
Attention Getter: Song
Thesis: How to make a birthday cake
A. Ingredients & Prep
What do you say in your speech?
Main Headings: major divisions of your speech
Represent the main ideas you will cover
You need 2-4 main ideas to have a well-rounded speech
Demonstration Speech: Divide your steps into 2-4 main categories and then list all of the detailed steps under those main categories. (See the “Cake” example)
information that supports and reinforces the main headings of a speech. **Supporting material is not to be confused with details, which are more specific.
I. Main Idea
A. Supporting Material
B. Supporting Material
C. Supporting Material
The Speech Outline
How do you end your speech?
Two Parts of the Conclusion:
1. Restate Thesis/Summarize Main Ideas
2. Clincher (Relate Back to Attention Getter)
Remind your audience of the main ideas/headings in speech
But, don’t repeat everything you just said in your speech
Restate your thesis
The Clincher (The Final Impression):
Relate Back to your Attention Getter.
This will bring your speech full circle and crystallize your message in your audience’s mind.
This is the last thing the audience will hear you say; make it count!
Summary & Restate Thesis
Now you can make your own birthday cakes!
The Four Simple Steps
Clincher: Relate to Happy Birthday Song
Attention Getter: Quote about birthdays & Story about my 5th birthday
Link: Since so many interesting things always seem to happen to me on my birthday,
it made me wonder what else has happened around the world on this special day.
Thesis: I want to share a few of those events with you today.
Event #1 (List the events here)
Around the World on Your Birthday Sample Outline
I. Event #1
a. Supporting Detail
1. sub point (optional)
2. sub point (optional)
b. Supporting Detail
c. Supporting Detail
Repeat this step for each Event…
I. Summarize & Restate Thesis: Now we all know that February 7th is known for much more around the world than just my birthday
a. Event #1
b. Event #2
C. Event #3
II. Clincher: Relate back to quote and my story
Organizing Your Speech
Organization means you:
Have a plan
Use clear communication
This way you will not miss a step
Speech Outline Format
are the major divisions, areas, or arguments of your purpose
statement (they do not have any number/letter/Roman numeral by them)
Outlining Your Speech
(no Roman Numeral, number, letter)
States both your selected speech topic and your specific purpose in speaking.
Ex: The purpose of this speech is to inform the audience about the pros and cons
of midyear high school graduation for seniors.
The Thesis Statement
A. The Preview Statement
B. “ “
C. “ “
A. B. C. of Preview Statement in the Introduction
become I. II. III. Of the Body
I. This leads me to my first point…
II. Moving on to my second point…
II. Finally, lets look at…)
The Body: Organizational Patterns