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The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas

Discussing various literary elements in novel
by

Rachel Okazaki

on 4 November 2012

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Transcript of The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas

Characters Plot Graph Malaprohisms Point of View Symbols Setting This novel takes place during World War II, at first in Berlin, Germany where Bruno and his family live a luxurious life of wealth and happiness. Bruno The Boy in the Striped Pajamas 1. Out-With - meant to be Auschwitz The Fence - The fence that separates Bruno and Shmuel, symbolizes the separation that we put between our world and the world that people who are starving or being treated unfairly live. People today try and pretend as though things like war and hunger aren't happening, but they are, just not in our world. Theme Although a main focus of this book is the Holocaust and there are symbols connecting to the Holocaust,
this is the story of Bruno and Shmuel.
The theme of this book in my opinion, would be the innocence of childhood. Through out this entire novel, Bruno remained almost completely clueless that there was anything all that strange about Shmuel living with in the boundaries of a fence and wearing striped pyjamas at all times. Not just did he not find it completely bizarre, but he was jealous of Shmuel and wanted to be on the other side of the fence himself. Shmuel also has that childlike innocence to him. He never really sees the severity of the situation that he is in everyday, he doesn't see the concentration camp being as awful as it truly is. He just sees is it as a place the Jews have to live.
The authour shows that innocence can be good and it could be bad. He shares with the reader through his story that if you are innocent, you should also be knowledgeable. John Boyne Presentation by: Rachel Okazaki Shmuel Lieutenant Kotler Bruno's father He is a close-
minded child and very unknowing of the real world's cruelties. A young german boy Bruno is informed by his mother of some bad news. Bruno's father (a German soldier) has been asked to relocate from their exciting, comfortable house in Berlin, to an ugly boring place with no one around. Bruno discovers that there are in fact people in this dreadful place but they are behind a fence (in which his father will not allow him to play near) and they look pretty miserable themselves. Bruno takes a journey to the fence and discovers a boy on the other side who is his exact age. The boy's name is Shmuel and he is far skinnier and paler than Bruno. Bruno comes home one day to find Shmuel preparing to serve dinner for Bruno and his family. Bruno is feeding Shmuel some chicken when Lieutenant Kotler comes in furious at Shmuel, who is assumed by Lieutenant Kotler to have stolen the food. Bruno stands by and does not tell the truth. Bruno is informed once again that his father has decided to move, but this time, back to Berlin. His father feels that this is no proper place for children to grow up. Bruno rushes to the fence dividing Bruno and Shmuel to tell him the news. When he gets there, he decides it's finally time to see what the 'other side' is like. He gets under the fence and is pushed into a line with Shmuel. They are sent into a gas chamber with out either of them realizing it and Bruno is never seen again. Bruno's father spent a lot of time trying to find his son until one day he came across Bruno's clothes lying in front of a part of the fence in which there was a large hole. He knew what happened to his son. The last line is a very powerful one, it says "And that's the end of the story about Bruno and his family. Of course this happened a long time ago and nothing like this could ever happen again. Not in this day and age." Rising Action Falling Action Climax Conclusion He tries to be sympathetic
and understanding, and does eventually
develop these qualities, but he is very
used to a lifestyle in which no one
needs sympathy. Kotler is a mean, practically evil man, who is dedicated to Germany unlike his father. He takes great pleasure in getting under Bruno's skin and hanging around Bruno's home like it's his own. Bruno’s father is Germany’s Commandant during World War II. At the beginning he appears to be just as evil of a man as Lieutenant Kotler, but by deciding to leave 'Out-With,'' he has displayed a long-awaited selfless moment. Shmuel and Bruno immediately connected upon
meeting due to their exact same birth date and
very similiar appearances. He is a very sweet, selfless boy and although in
many ways his lifestyle is completely opposite of
Bruno's, they have a strong connection and become
very good friends. Bruno is often sitting on the other side of the fence from the concentration camp. It is a strange place to Bruno but by no means does he understand the real horrors of this place. They later move to Auschwitz, Poland where their no longer luxurious home is right beside a concentration camp. These are two words in which Bruno has mispronounced, displaying how naive he is of the circumstances around him.
2. The Fury - meant to be ' the Fuhrer' which is what the Germans refer to to Hitler as The novel is written in the third-person omniscient point of view. Throughout the novel, the story is being seen through Bruno's eyes. The authour remains in Bruno's head but the authour is still the one telling the story. The point of view is limited because the events are all seen through Bruno's eyes, thoughts, and emotions. The point of view changes only at the end when you are exposed to Bruno's father's reaction to Bruno's disappearance. The point of view in the novel works so well because it helps to show the reader how ignorant Bruno is of the horrors taking place around him. Bruno's character - Bruno symbolizes how no one, regardless of hearing stories from a Holocaust survivor, can understand the tragedy of what it was really like to live in one. This is shown through his complete lack of understanding in what is going on in the world around him.
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