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1960's CounterCulture Impact On Music and Arts

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sydney Puerto-Meredith

on 20 May 2015

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Transcript of 1960's CounterCulture Impact On Music and Arts

What is Counterculture?
Counterculture is the culture and lifestyle of the people, usually the youth, who reject or oppose the dominant values and behavior of society
Evolution of Rock
Rock and Roll became popular in the late 1940's and 1950's and evolved into the modern Rock on the 1960's.

During this era there were many different genres of rock.

Effects of 60s counterculture
60s Slang
1960's Counterculture impact on Music & Arts

Fillmore Posters
It divided the country - some people viewed these attributes as a reflection of free speech, equality, world peace, and the pursuit of happiness; others thought it reflected a self-indulgent, pointlessly rebellious, unpatriotic, and destructive assault on traditional moral order
In an effort to stop the movement, authorities banned LSD, restricted political gatherings, and tried to enforce bans on obscenity in the media

Bill Graham
rock concert promoter and impresario
was born in Berlin, escaped the rise of Nazis and was raised in NYC
in 1965 he managed a theatre troupe
he organized a benefit concert and then promoted several free concerts
this led to a full-time career
he had a profound influence in music
he made the Fillmore and Winterland Arena famous
married Bonnie MacLean

flower child - a Hippie
chrome dome - bald guy
passion pit - Drive-in Movie
book - leave the scene
slug bug - Volkswagon beetle
Fuzz - the police
Psychedelic Art and Design
art inspired by psychedelic experiences (altered state of consciousness produced by psychedelic drug use)
the word psychedelic means “mind manifesting”
the art is suppose to depict the inner world of psyche
bright and high contrasting colors
kaleidoscopic, fractal, and paisley patterns
a counterpart of psychedelic rock concerts
poster artists: Rick Griffin, Victor Moscoso, Bonnie MacLean, Stanley Mouse & Alton Kelley, Wes Wilson

Peter Max
German born American illustrator and graphic artist
he was known for the use of psychedelic shapes and a wide spectra of color in his work
was inspired by an encounter with an astronomer when he was a child, this led to his fascination of the universe and influenced his art
pop culture icon
has painted for 6 presidents, his art is on display at Presidential Libraries and US Embassies
was the official artist of the 2006 US Olympic Team at the Winter Olympics in Turin, Italy
also has been the Official Artist of 5 Super Bowls, the World Series, World Cup USA, The Indy 500, The US Open, the Kentucky Derby, and the NYC Marathon
“The Art of Peter Max”

Before Woodstock...

Established in 1954 by socialite Elaine Lorillard
Held every summer in Newport, RI
The event brought jazz to the resort town
Incorporated academic panel discussions and featured live musical performances
Performances were given by notable jazz musicians
Some upper-class Newport residents were opposed to the festival because jazz appreciation was uncommon among the upper-class
Towards the late 60s, the festival experimented by fusing jazz, soul, and rock music
In 1969 there was a distinctive rock sound due to the nature of the festival and cultural influence.

Newport Jazz Festival
Counterculture influence on Music
believed that life was about being happy, not about what others think of you
“if it feels good, do it” attitude
believed that the dominant mainstream culture was corrupt and sought to replace it with a Utopian society
rejected middle class values, opposed nuclear weapons and the Vietnam War
often vegetarian and believed in eco friendly environmental practices
encouraged free love and sexual liberation, particularly for women
largest countercultural classification comprising mostly of white members of the middle class

Peter Max Design
Psychedelic Rock
The British Invasion
This music influenced the LSD psychedelic rock music that would proceed it. There was an LSD-inspired vibe in the folk music that influences this genre. Artists tried to replicate the mind-altering affects of LSD through music and to enhance the experience for people taking the drug. It was pioneered by bands like the Beatles and the Yardbirds and many U.K and American groups like Pink Floyd, Grateful Dead, Jimi Hendrix and others began producing this type of music.
Types of Rock
Surf Rock
Garage Rock
Blues Rock
Roots Rock
Progressive Rock
Pop Rock
the music was inspired by causes and ideas - sexual revolution, feminism, Black Power, and environmentalism
time of massive public unrest due to the Cold War, Vietnam War, and Civil Rights movement
late 60s, LSD had a big impact on music

The Fillmore
Bill Graham's
popular counterculture music venue that attracted crowds for indie and major label acts
became a focal point for psychedelic music and counterculture in general
performances by The Who, Pink Floyd, Led Zeppelin, The Grateful Dead

Woodstock was one of the largest music festivals of the 1960's and is considered one of the greatest rock festivals of all time and exemplifies the height of the Hippie era. Woodstock was a cultural touchstone for the beliefs and for the people of the late 1960's. It was held at Max Yasgur's dairy farm in Bethel, New York after the surroudnign towns denied the festival from coming. At it's height, the festival hosted 400,000 people from across the nation and Hippie culture was all around. Drugs were rampant around the festival, mainly LSD and Weed. There were 32 acts over four days, including big names like Janis Joplin, The Who and Grateful Dead, the festival ended with the legendary Jimi Hendrix with a crowd a little under 200,00 people.
After Woodstock
Since it was the height of the hippie counterculture, it was the peak of hardcore LSD drug use. Also from this festival some artists gained in popularity and made careers gains for musicians, like Carlos Santana. After Woodstock, the counterculture movement began to peter out and fade.
-Rock groups from the u.k infiltrated the u.s music scene and became popular in the States
-the Bakersfield sound was the only music that could compete with the invasion
-In America this spelled the end to instrumental surf music
-In America the Invasion arguably spelled the end of instrumental surf music,pre-Motown vocal girl groups, the folk revival, and the teen idols that had dominated the American charts in the late 1950s and 1960s
Lysergic acid diethylamide
LSD influenced the movements of the sixties as well as the art and music scene.
LSD is a Hallucinogenic drug that
affects mood, emotions and can cause sensory overlaps. Trips usually last 12 hours.
Monterey Pop FEstival
-a three-day concert event held June 16 to June 18, 1967, held in Monterey, California
-Attendance ranged from 25,000-90,000
-Considered one of the beginnings to the Summer of Love
-Was one of the first rock concerts
-Gave inspiration and template for other music festivals like Woodstock
-First majors American performances of Foreign bands like The Jimi Hendrix Experience and The Who
-Major influence on music and bands
-Ex. The Who, electronic synthesizer, Big Brother and The Holding Company

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