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05.04 Modern Science
Transcript of 05.04 Modern Science
It was very hard to rank these advancements from most important to least important because each impacted society in a different way. However, I listed my advancements by how much they impact society today, technological first, then medical. Technology is a huge forte today that continuously changes. The computer, the cellphone, the internet, and the car all contribute to the progression of human beings today. In the medical advancements, I listed items that helped to ensure our survival.
The Internet is one of many revolutionary 20th century technological advancements. It was initially created in 1969 (ARPANet) by the United States Department of Defense for defense-related research but was eventually released to the public in the 1990s. Since then, the Internet has been growing and has become an essential part of our lives. It impacts how we communicate, do business, gather information, etc.
For thousands of years, human beings have been battling diseases that jeopardize our lives everyday. With Edward Jenner's use of vaccines, we have been able to eradicate many diseases that were considered fatal before. These diseases include smallpox, polio, tetanus, measles, etc.
Alexander Flemming is the man responsible for the development of antibiotics, specifically, Penicillin. By chance, he was able to create a substance produced by fungus that efficiently fought off bacteria. As a result, a method to develop these drugs and mass-produce them to save millions of lives was created. This has obviously impacted 20th century life in a huge way because we now have a way to cure people with diseases that at one point were fatal.
The next significant advancement made in the 20th century was the automobile. Like the computer, many people were attempting to create these but one of the most successful was Henry Ford. Cars have a huge impact on many modern societal institutions. They allow anyone to get from place to place in a quick manner, once again making the world a smaller place. They allow the transport of foods and goods and they also serve a military purpose.
The computer is one of the most important advances in science and technology in the 20th century. It was created by a team of people but the person that receives the most recognition is Alan Turing. The computer has impacted 20th century life in many significant ways. It has made the world much smaller by giving us the capability to interact with people across the globe instantaneously. It has aided in the development of technology, education, business, government, and any other societal institution you can think of.
Like the computer, the cellphone has also taken a significant role in the 20th century. Martin Cooper was the inventor of the cellphone. Although it comes in many shapes and sizes, the purpose of all is the same: to communicate more efficiently. Much like the computer, cellphones have made the world a smaller place. I guess you can say that cellphones are basically mini-computers because of their newly acquired capabilities.