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The Politics of the Middle colonies
Transcript of The Politics of the Middle colonies
One possibility is that that women would have less power in Pennsylvania. This is evident because the Quakers were the group that believed in equality. If they didn't exist, there would be no reason during this time, to believe that women had similar rights as men.
Another possibility is that the political situation would be much different in terms of those holding office. For example: Roman Catholics weren't allowed to hold office except in
Pennsylvania. If anyone was allowed to hold office those
in power, may have been different people.
There was landed aristocracy by Dutch Landowners in New York. In addition, traders and merchants formed a middle class in New York.
Many people who came to America and settled in the middle colonies believed in religious tolerance.
Middle Colonies: Political Presentation
Quote and Relevance
" the Place is free for all Persuasions, in a Sober and Civil way; for the Church of England and the Quakers bear equal Share in the Government. They live Friendly and Well together; there is no Persecution for Religion, nor ever like to be..." (Gabriel Thomas)
The Middle Colonies political group was a small group which had a narrowed goal. This group eventually grew into diverse and large political organizations, especially during the French and Indian War.
The Royal or Proprietary Governors and elected Colonial Assemblies were leading the Middle Colonies political group.
Growing unrest in the Middle Colonies eventually led the region to become the meeting place for the Continental Congress.
New York: The governors, picked by the Duke of York, chose a council to help with decisions. In addition, colonists were allowed to pick representatives to an assembly who were not very powerful, but did contribute to the lawmaking processes.
New Jersey: Same as New York. Governors chose a council. Colonists selected representatives who weren't very powerful.
Pennsylvania: Colonists were allowed to choose representatives to an assembly however, these representatives were much more powerful. They could do things such as approve or reject laws. All tax-paying freemen could vote.
Delaware: It was not declared separate from Pennsylvania until 1776. It wasn't until 1701 that Delaware was given its own assembly.
Level Two Question
Quakers not only believed in religious freedom, but they also believed in equality in their government. This is seen in the quote previously stated in the presentation. They also believed in a more democratic form of government than most.
What can you infer about these statements?
Descriptors of the Colonies
Ethnicity, gender, and age
There were many different kinds of ethnic groups in the colonies such as English, Swedes, Dutch, Germans, Scots-Irish and French.
There were also multiple Native American tribes in the region such as Iroquis, Mohawk, Mahican, Algonquian, and Lenape.
In the early 1700s , the middle colonies was approximately 2/3 English, 1/4 Dutch, and the rest (about 4,000) was French, German, Welsh, Swedes, or Scots-Irish.
Level Three Question
In the middle colonies, there were Quakers, Mennonites, Lutherans, Jewish, Dutch Calvinists, and Presbyterians
The middle colonies were the only region in America that practiced religious tolerance.
The middle colonies served as important distribution centers in the English mercantile system.
Fertile land made wheat and corn easy to grow. Therefore, it was more heavily harvested in the middle colonies than any other colonial region.
The people often bartered with indians for beaver, otter, mink and other skins to be shipped to Europe.
The people living in the middle colonies were shipbuilders, lumber workers, indentured servants, tenants, and traders.
Background of People
Relevance to the Politics of the Middle Colonies
The Ethnicity, gender, and age contribute to the politics of the middle colonies because only males were allowed to participate in office. The ethnicity didn't contribute much to politics, gender however did. Quaker women generally had more rights politically. By the eighteenth century (1700s), they could stand up in court and even vote.
The religious orientation relates to the politics of the middle colonies extremely. Usually, religion affected the politics of a region. In some areas, certain people of a religious group weren't allowed to hold office. In the colonies however, people were more equal politically. The Quakers for example had a government where people were more equal that in most European ones. In addition Roman Catholics weren't allowed to hold office except in Pennsylvania.
The occupation and skills didn't really affect middle colonies, unless you were a part of the government such as a governor.
The aristocracy didn't contribute as much to the politics as it did in other regions of the world. This is because in the middle colonies, there was a more representative type of government.
: Pennsylvania was established by affluent Quaker William Penn in 1682, and as an American state run under Quaker principles. Some of which are that they should value people equally. Because of this, often women had more say than in other regions. Penn also made a school for both poor and rich Quaker children, which further proves their view on equality. They also integrated religion into their everyday lives. Penn created a more democratic form of government than most Europeans. This again relates to the fact that they wanted equality. This shows just how different the political structure was in the middle colonies than the rest of America.
The Middle Colonies
Founded by the Dutch in 1624 by Peter Minuit for the purpose of trade and profits.
It was named New Amsterdam by the Dutch.
Was eventually taken by the British in 1664.
Renamed to New York after the Duke of York.
Founded by William Penn in 1682.
His purpose was primarily for religious freedom.
Founded in 1664 by John Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.
Its purpose was primarily for trade and profit.
Founded in 1638 by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company.
Its purpose was primarily of trade and profits.
Just like Pennsylvania, many of the colonies' political statuses were influenced by their religion(s).
What would it be like, or what would you think will happen, if the religious aspect of the colonies, such as the Quakers, had no influence on the politics or political status of the individual colonies?
Level 2 Question Answer:
One inference that can be made is that modern day America is a bit similar. They thought of equality in government, and gave rights to women.
Another inference that can be made is that the Quakers were ahead of their time. For example: Quakers gave more rights to women, such as the right to vote, earlier than most states. A lot of women didn't get the right to vote until the feminist movement.
Level 3 Question Answers: