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Health - Risk and Prevention

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Vivian Li

on 27 May 2013

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Transcript of Health - Risk and Prevention

Choose one of the risks that you think is important, and explain why it is important for high school students to be aware of that risk. Substance Use, Addictions,
and related behaviours By: Kiran, Vivian, Chelsea, and Vincent One risk that we find important is bullying. The term “bullying” refers to a group of aggressive behaviors to which one person is exposed to repeatedly and over time by one or more others. Substance Use, Addictions,
and related behaviours Risk and Prevention Personal Safety: Risks Identify and explain several risks for high school students: Using superior strength or influence to intimidate Bullying: (someone), typically to force him or her what one wants. Examples of bullying are gossiping, exclusion, name calling, tormenting. Peer pressure: Influence from members of one’s peer group. Forcing
someone to do something that they
don’t feel comfortable doing (e.g. Vandalism: Action involving
deliberate destruction of or public or private property. damage to (E.g. graffiti on a school wall.) Discrimination: When people treat others according to
their race, beliefs, abilities, disabilities (prejudice). An example of discrimination is in
the fifties when black and white Americans were segregated. Bullying encompasses physical aggression (hitting, pushing, punching, or kicking); verbal harassment (threatening, teasing, name calling, or making faces or dirty gestures); and indirect or relational mistreatment (ignoring someone or excluding him or her on purpose). Daring a person to perform a dangerous, illegal, or inappropriate action under the threat of losing approval among the members of a group is also considered as a form of bullying. By the end of elementary school, children have begun to form relationships independent from their families. As teens form close relationships with others, they struggle to understand who they are and where they fit in; they start to form their own identity in relation to others – a critical component of healthy social development. Some adolescents prefer to be alone, are excluded, or socially rejected. It’s fundamental for high school students to be aware of this risk so they know how to stop it and report it if it occurs. Who is most at risk and why? (E.g. males, females, grade 9’s, grade 12’s, etc.) Grades 9’s are most at risk, older students such as grade 11’s or 12’s might feel dominant over the younger students. They have entered a new stage in their life as adolescents, becoming new to a different atmosphere and opened to different decisions, independence, and responsibility. They’re the youngest of the school and they’ll think that if they’re planning on staying here for four years, they have to have a good reputation; older grades can take advantage of them. Generally, students who are bullied have one or more of the following risk factors: are perceived as different from their peers, such as being overweight or underweight, wearing glasses or different clothing, being new to a school, perceived as weak or unable to defend themselves, of a minority race, etc. How can this affect the student? What can the risk lead to? Bullying can negatively affect the students. It can cause them to: •Feel anxious, depressed, lonely or insecure.

•Be unable to concentrate in class.

•Feel angry and wonder why this is happening to you.

•Regularly end up in physical fights or arguments while trying to defend yourself. •Feel afraid to go to school and nervous if you’re on your own.

•Think the problem is relentless and wonder if it will ever stop.

•Feel lonely, isolated and avoid group situations.

•Spend a lot of time trying to figure out what to do or where to go to avoid being harassed. •Think your parents would be worried or upset if you told them.

•Notice that your health is suffering such as changes in your appetite, difficulty sleeping or tension headaches.

•Feel afraid to check text messages, emails or look at social networking sites like Facebook in case there’s another cruel message about you.

•Start to think that maybe the insults and taunts are true and wonder if it’s your own fault. •Have mood swings with a range of feelings from loneliness to anger.

•Wish you could talk to someone but you are not sure what you want to say.

•No longer enjoy the things you used to enjoy and drop out of activity groups or clubs.

•Feel trapped, helpless, withdrawn and like no one understands. This risk can even lead to suicide. A high school student (Amanda Michelle Todd) was severely bullied to the point where she thought suicide was the only answer. “Suicide is a permanent solution to a temporary problem.”. Teens commit suicide because they have no way to feel good about themselves. They are constantly put down and they feel as if they have no reason to be here anymore. They feel like if they were nonexistent then everybody would be happy. They think they have nobody, but it’s so important to know someone out there loves you and will be there for you. What can be done to reduce the risk or avoid getting into the situation? Keep in mind that self-esteem is important but harder to attain. You are a very important person. You matter! You matter to your parents, teachers and relatives. Self-confidence may be the only thing that separates you from the most popular kid in school. Your school has a legal right to provide you with a safe and fair education. If you are being bullied, your legal rights are being violated. Do not keep quiet. If they make fun of something you do or something you wear, do not change your habits. This will only show them they have power over you. Thousands of kids who are perfectly nice get bullied every single day. But you have to take action against it. Don't start a fight, but don't let bullying continue. The first time someone you don't know offends you, insults you or hits you, this is your chance to stop them before it gets bad. If you stand up for yourself straight away, it sends a message that they should leave you alone. If you let them get away with it by looking away or ignoring it, it may continue and others may join in. Look a bully straight in the eye. Watch your body language. Don't look at the floor. Don't slouch and wish you could disappear, even though you feel that way. Stand strong and tall and face your bully. Bullies usually pick victims who won't stand up to them. Risk and Prevention Personal Safety: Risks By:Kiran, Vivian, Chelsea, and Vincent to do drugs). Identify a substance use, addiction, or related behaviour that students could develop in high school? In high school, students could start abusing and doing drugs such as heroin. Heroin is an illegal, highly addictive drug. It is both the most abused and the most rapidly acting of the opiates. Heroin is processed from morphine; a naturally occurring substance extracted from the seed pod of certain varieties of poppy plants. It is typically sold as a white or brownish powder or as the black sticky substance known on the streets as "black tar heroin." Although purer heroin is becoming more common, most street heroin is "cut" with other drugs or with substances such as sugar, starch, powdered milk, or quinine. Street heroin can also be cut with strychnine or other poisons. Heroin may be dissolved in water and injected into a vein (“mainlining”), muscle, or under the skin (*skin popping*), smoked (*chasing the dragon*) or snorted. Its street names are black tar, dope, dust, H, horse, junk, snack, and scag. It’s categorized as central nervous system (CNS) depressants. What could lead to the behaviour? -To fit in -Trouble with friends or family -To escape or relax -Peer pressure -To relieve boredom -To escape troubles -To seem grown up -Bullying -To rebel - Conformity -To experiment -To seem “cool” -Stress -Low self-esteem What are symptoms of the behaviour? Short term: -Nausea and vomiting -Reduced appetite -Headaches -Dry mouth Long term: -Kidney disease -Infection of the heart lining and valves -Liver disease -Skin infections How does this behaviour affect the student? What are possible negative outcomes due to this behaviour and why? Poor decisions are made and dangerous activity can be the result. When under the influence of a narcotic such as heroin, the individual’s concept of right and wrong is compromised, and the teen user may find she/he is more likely to engage in activities he would otherwise avoid, such as theft or burglary. It can also cause them to fall behind in school. It also causes low blood pressure which leads to tiredness. They see everything as nothing. They lose family and friends and have no one when it comes to support. -Lying or other deceptive behaviours -Avoiding eye contact, or distant-field of vision -Substantial increases in time spent sleeping -Decreasing attention to hygiene and physical appearance -Loss of motivation and apathy towards future goals How does this behaviour affect others around the student? Many teens are new drivers. A teen who abuses heroin may not have the life experience to understand when they are capable of driving and when they are impaired. This can put their lives and the lives of others in grave danger. Whole families can seem to go to pieces when there is a son or daughter using drugs or alcohol. Parents fall out with each other over how to handle the situation, while other sons or daughters can get blamed for being a bad example. The drug user gets so much attention that others are neglected. If peace and love are the oxygen of life, then the whole family is gasping for breath. The addict may even turn to friends for money to buy heroin. What are possible treatments for this behaviour? What are some strategies to saying no to peer pressure? Methadone can help treat a heroin addiction. Methadone is synthetic opiate. It defends heroin aftermaths, also removing symptoms of withdrawal. The ultimate way to deal with these pressures from drugs (heroin) is to say "NO" to those who force you into abusing these drugs. It may be difficult at times, but you can stay above the pressures in life by thinking and speaking up for yourself. Having a supportive family and friends whom you can confide in and trust to provide honest advice, can help to reinforce your decisions and choices, while helping to boost your spirits during hard times. For the lucky individuals who discover a drug abuse problem prior to an addiction by the strictest definition, treatment is still incredibly important. Many teens who choose to experiment or use drugs suffer from other mental conditions that may not have been properly diagnosed or recognized. A few of these issues may include: depression disorders, bipolar disorder, past trauma including sexual or physical abuse, bullying, anxiety disorder, borderline personality disorder. Finding a qualified treatment center that is familiar with Dual Diagnosis procedures to uncover the root cause for the teen’s drug abuse can prevent a drug abuse issue from growing into an addiction that can cause even more damage (Heroin Rehab). There are several options available if a teenager is abusing heroin. The first is an intensive outpatient treatment plan that will include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) to help them retrain their thought processes and actions concerning stress, depression or other issues. Inpatient therapy at a qualified residential facility is another option. In this setting, the teen can concentrate on finding new and better ways to deal with any emotional issues or previously undiagnosed mental illness from which they may suffer. The End . The End . Thank you for listening and watching this presentation. DON'T DO DRUGS. Or
suffer
the
consequences. Bibliography: - http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/heroin/a-very-slippery-slope.html
- http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index-eng.php
- http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/heroin/what-does-heroin-look-like.html
- http://www.drugfree.org/join-together/alcohol/study-finds-link-between-school-bullies-and-substance-use
-http://www.narconon.org/drug-abuse/signs-symptoms-heroin-use.html-http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hc-ps/drugs-drogues/learn-renseigne/heroin-eng.php-http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/heroin-abuse-addiction/what-are-treatments-heroin-addiction Heroin is available in various forms that are easier to consume and more affordable, heroin today is more tempting than ever. Between 1995 and 2011, the number of teenagers in America, aged 12 to 17, who used heroin at some point in their lives increased by 300%. Heroin facts/
correlation
between bullying
and heroin: An estimated 13.5 million people in the world take opioid (opium-like substances), including 9.2 million who use heroin. In 2007, 93% of the world’s opium supply came from Afghanistan. (Opium is the raw material for heroin supply.) Its total export value was
about $4 billion, of which almost three quarters went to traffickers. About a quarter went to Afghan opium farmers. The 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health reported 153,000 current heroin users in the US in 2007. Other estimates give figures as high as 900,000. Opiates, mainly heroin, were involved in four of every five drug-related deaths in Europe, according to a 2008 report from the European Monitoring Centre on Drugs and Drug Addiction.
Opiates, mainly heroin, account for 18% of the admissions for drug and alcohol treatment in the US. Study found that 10 to 13% of boys in grades six to 10 reported being bullied once or twice per month or more, with most bullying occurring in grade 10. It was also found that four to 11% of girls in grades six to 10 reported being bullied once or twice per month or more, with most bullying occurring in grade eight. Youth who have to deal with homophobia along with all other issues are at a higher risk of dangerous behaviour, such as drug use. The outcomes of bullying can include drug use, crime, depression and, in the most severe case, suicide. Some parents think that their youth would never use drugs but, with bullying and peer pressure, youth are pushed to try drugs. Students who bully their classmates are more likely to use cigarettes, alcohol and marijuana, compared with their peers who aren’t bullies, a new study suggests. “Our findings suggest that one deviant behavior may be related to
another,” lead author Kisha Radliff of Ohio State University said in a news release. “For example, youth who bully others might be more likely to also try substance use. The reverse could also be true in that youth who use substances might be more likely to bully others.” The researchers reviewed a survey of almost 75,000 students, which included questions on bullying and substance use. The survey found bullying was more common among middle school students than among high school students, and that substance use was more common among high schoolers. Kids are often pressured or bullied into using substances. It is estimated that 160,000 children miss school every day because they are afraid of being attacked or intimidated. Bullying facts: Over 3.2 million students are victims of bullying each year. 1 in 4 teachers see nothing wrong with bullying and will only intervene 4 percent of the time. Approximately 160,000 teens skip school every day because of bullying. 1 in 7 students in grades K-12 is either a bully or a victim of bullying. 56 percent of students have personally witnessed some type of bullying at school. Over two-thirds of students believe that schools respond poorly to bullying, with a high percentage of students believing that adult help is infrequent and ineffective. 71 percent of students report incidents of bullying as a problem at their school. 90 percent of 4th through 8th graders report being victims of bullying. 1 out 10 students drop out of school because of repeated bullying. Harassment and bullying have been linked to 75 percent of school-shooting incidents. Physical bullying increases in elementary school, peaks in middle school and declines in high school. Verbal abuse, on the other hand, remains constant. Find help before it gets to you. Help at:
Drug Addiction Helpwww.4rehabilitation.com/DrugAddiction
(888) 839-9681
We Understand. We Can Help You.

Top Drug Addiction Rehabwww.stopyouraddiction.com/DrugRehab
(866) 788-6033
Do You or Someone You Love Havea Drug Problem?

Kids Help Phone
www.kidshelpphone.ca/
(1-800-668-6868)
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