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6º To be and To have

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English La Quinta del Puente

on 5 November 2016

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Transcript of 6º To be and To have

Structures with the verbs "to be" and "to have"
6º Grammar

To be and To have
There is
There was
Use there is, there are, there was, there were, there will be, etc. to say that something or someone exists.

We usually use this structure before "a/an", some", and "any".
To have
Use "have" to talk about possessions, family (and other) relationships, and illnesses.
Contractions - Negatives - Questions
Have: Actions
We use have with common expressions to talk about actions.
Have without
- Have got
Use have got-especially in spoken English and in present tense-to talk about possession, etc.


To be
Contractions - Questions - Negatives

It can be argued that the verb "to be" is the most important one in the English language.
Simple Present:

you, we, they
he, she, it
Simple Past:

I, he, she, it
you, we, they
Simple Future:

I, you, he, she, it, we, they
will be
In conversation, contractions are used.
I am =
you are =
he/she/it is =
he's, she's, it's
we are =
they are =
To make negative sentences with "be", put NOT after am/are/is ('m, 're, 's).
am not
Colombian. (
I'm not

are not
home yet. (
We're not
home yet.)

is not
at school today. (
He's not
at school today.)

To make questions with "be", put the verb before the subject.
My mom is
at the gym.
Is my mom
at the gym?

The taxi is
Is the taxi
Future Questions
To make future questions with "be", put
before the subject.
We will be
there soon.
Will we be
there soon?

The bus will be
at the stop when we arrive.
Will the bus be
at the stop when we arrive?
There are
some dogs in the park.

There isn't
any sugar in the cabinet.
there is = there's

there is not = there isn't

there are not = there aren't

there was not = there wasn't

there were not = there weren't
To make questions with there is etc., put is/are/etc. before
ice cream in the freezer.
Is there
ice cream in the freezer?

There were
some bears at the zoo.
Were there
some bears at the zoo?
There is: Future
There will be

There will not be = there won't be

Will there be?
There will be
a party at my house.

There will not be
a party at my house.
There won't be
a party at my house.)

Will there be
a party at my house?
We also say people have things (physical traits) and things have parts.
I have a brother.
We all have the flu.
Kristi has green eyes.
That truck has six wheels.
Simple Present:

I, you, we, they
he, she, it
Simple Past:

I, you, he, she, it, we, they
Simple Future:

I, you, he, she, it, we, they
will have
I will have = I'll have

you will have = you'll have

he,she,it will have = he'll,she'll,it'll have

we will have = we'll have

they will have = they'll have
We can make questions with do/does/did + infinitive without
I have a bike.
Do I have a bike?

Adam has a dog.
Does Adam have a dog?
Future Questions
Put will before the subject.
Tyler will have a new job soon.
Will Tyler have a new job soon?

The cat will have a toy.
Will the cat have a toy?
Use do/does/did + infinitive without
We do not have the new book.
(We don't have the new book.)

She does not have any siblings. (She doesn't have any siblings.)
Future Negative Contractions:
will not have
won't have
We will not have a cat.
We won't have a cat.
have breakfast
have a shower
have a good/bad time
have a baby
have something to eat/drink

have a bath
have a party
have a good flight
have a good/safe trip
I have a turtle.
I've got a turtle.
She has long hair.
She's got long hair.
To make questions with have got, we put have/has before the subject.
I have got three dogs.
Have I got three dogs?

Luke has got a toy train.
Has Luke got a toy train?
Past and Future with
have got
Past forms with got are unusual and we don't use got in the future.
Natalie had a bad cold. (More natural)
Natalie had got a bad cold. (NO!)
They will have eggs for breakfast.
They will have got eggs for breakfast. (NO!)
Full transcript