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Chapter 7: from sea to sea 1871-1873
Transcript of Chapter 7: from sea to sea 1871-1873
From sea to sea
1871-1873 After Canada became a country,
John A. Macdonald thought that if
U.S started to threaten Canada,
then they would not be able to
defend themselves. Treaty of Washington, 1871 Treaty includs:
-Allowing American ships to navigate
the St.Lawrence river.
-Allowing fish from Canada to be sold
in American markets without being paid.
-Paying for damages during civil war.
-Settle boundary disputes under the terms
of the treaty Gold Mining Fur Trading Lumbering Although the amount of gold
being found was less,gold still accounted
of 75 percent of british columbia's exports at this time The importance of fur trade had also declined in british columbia At the time british columbia's entry into confederation in 1871, lumbering was still in its infancy as an industry. But when gold was running out, lumbering became successful. Fishing Fishing industing
in the 1860 and 1870 was based on salmon.
Salmon was important food. Fishing Industry became more important when the canned product got invented. Ranching and
farming Dairy and mixed
farming were found in british
coloumbia in the late 1860s and 1870s.
They provided food for the main settlement. These farms were located in the
lower fraser valley and the southern end of
vancouver island. The british columbia
act 1871 Confederation
negotiations The candian goverment was
anixous to extend the Dominion
of canda to the pacific cost. Political issues between
Great Britian and U.S
affected Canada. After American civil
war (1861-1865) there
was tension between U.S
and Britian. So they created... In the colony of
British columbia Exports from british columbia:
Other: 5% British Columbia was
heavily in debt. They began
to think about joining canada.
Great Britian approved. Canadian Government
promised BC the following:
-Railway connecting BC.
-Payment of the colony's debt
of over $1 000 000.
-Annual subsidy to the province.
-Has control of government owned
public land. Dominion Lands Act 1872 This act was intended to
encourage people to settle down on North-west territories. Act gave settlers 65 hectares,
but they had to pay $10 and
work for 3 years in the territory. Prince Edward Island
Act 1873 PEI rejected confederation
but in the end economic concerns and being in verge of bankruptcy, caused to join with Canada. Canadian Government offered:
-A way out of financial difficulties.
-Taking over railway job that PEI started.
-Assisting when purchasing land from landlords.
-Year round Ferry and telegraph service. PEI became the 7 province of Canada.
First 4 was Canada East,Canada West,
Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. Then Manitoba in 1870,B.C in 1871. Now PEI in 1873. Colony of Newfoundland Newfoundland opposed
of confederation for several reasons:
-they were afraid of losing government-funded
-When Ireland and Britian joined things went
wrong so they don't want to see it repeated. Newfoundland finally became
a province in 1949. Government members agreed
but voters all disagreed
to joining Canada. The end