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Russian Empire

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by

Steph Gorges

on 13 December 2017

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Transcript of Russian Empire

Russian Empire
Key Leaders
Romanov Dynasty
Peter
the Great
Catherine II
Ivan III
Grand Prince of Moscow (3rd Rome)
Stopped paying tribute to Mongols
Increased Russia's territory
Settled 'cossacks' in new territories (peasants - semi military group)
Started using the unofficial term "Tsar/Czar" (borrowed from Byzantines)
Head of State & Church
Absolute Ruler - power from God
Ivan IV
'The Terrible'
"The Great"
1533-1584
Grandson of Ivan the Great (orphaned, raised by boyars, distrustful)
Took title of Tsar - expansion east/gunpowder = multi-ethnic empire
Fur trade
Spread Russian Orthodox Christianity
Built St. Basil's - church/state
Following Time of Troubles
Conflict between 3 groups - church, royalty, boyars
Second and last imperial dynasty to rule over Russia, reigning from 1613 until the 1917
Abolishes patriarch - claimed divine right
Policy of modernization (science & technology)
Create strong navy
"Westernization" - from travels in Europe
Cut beards, change clothes
Yet still an absolute ruler
Increased military power and bureaucratic reform
Table of Ranks (rid of boyar status)
Monks = +50 yrs old = military first
Naval City

1762-1796
Marries grandson of Peter the Great - not out of love
Continues policy of 'Westernization'
European style education
Charter of the Nobility
Enlightened ruler
Increased effectiveness of bureaucracy
1462-1505
"Window to the West"
Formed the
Oprichniki = secret police, dressed in black, "Tsar's dogs"
Loyal to Ivan vs. boyars
Terrible = cooked traitors, skinned people alive
Mental illness? Fearless?
Full transcript