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Transcript of Russian Empire
Grand Prince of Moscow (3rd Rome)
Stopped paying tribute to Mongols
Increased Russia's territory
Settled 'cossacks' in new territories (peasants - semi military group)
Started using the term "Tsar/Czar" - Russian form of caesar (borrowed from Byzantines) - post fall of Constantinople
Head of State & Church
Absolute Ruler - power from God
Grandson of Ivan the Great (orphaned, raised by boyars)
Distrustful of boyars (took throne)
Took title of Tsar - focused on expansion of multi-ethnic empire
Oprichniki = secret police, dressed in black, "Tsar's dogs"
Terrible = cooked traitors, skinned people alive
Mental illness? Fearless?
Following Time of Troubles
Second and last imperial dynasty to rule over Russia, reigning from 1613 until the 1917
Policy of modernization (science & technology)
Create strong navy
"Westernization" - from travels in Europe
Cut beards, change clothes
Yet still an absolute ruler
Increased military power and bureaucratic reform
Table of Ranks (rid of boyar status)
Marries grandson of Peter the Great - not out of love
Continues policy of 'Westernization'
European style education
Charter of the Nobility
Increased effectiveness of bureaucracy
"Window to the West"