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Transcript of Sociocultural Theory
The development of high mental process
All-higher mental processes is sociocultural
The development of high mental process are based on the cultural environment
Have you ever thought
Lewis and Clark
Social Development Psychology
1896 – 1934
Russian and Soviet psychologist
Centered on topics of child development and education
a collective theory by later psychologists
"human development results from a dynamic interaction between individuals and society." (Woolfolk et al, 1998)
focus on the learning and development
ESL workshop: Scaffolding theory - A guide to learning English
Retrieved from http://esl.fis.edu/teachers/fis/scaffold/page1.htm
Kendra Cherry, What Is the Zone of Proximal Development? About.com Guide
Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/zindex/g/zone-proximal.htm
McLeod, S. A. (2007). Vygotsky - Simply Psychology. Retrieved from
McLeod, S. A. (2009). Jean Piaget | Cognitive Theory - Simply Psychology.
Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html
Woolfolk, Anita E. (1998). Educational PsychologySeventh Edition.
Boston: Allyn and Bacon
Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind and society: The development of higher psychological processes.
Cambridge,MA: Harvard University Press.
Culture affecting VS view of universal stages
The role of language
“play contains all developmental tendencies in a condensed form and is itself a major source of development,” because play “creates a zone of proximal development of the child”
(Vygotsky, 1978, p. 102, quoted from Lantolf, 2011, p. 29)
Innate Intellectual Development:
Zone of Proximal Development
Society Basic abilities
mental processes (High mental process)
Culture VS Universal stages
Vygostky VS Piaget
Constructivism Vygotsky and Piaget
Give Them a SCAFFOLD
gives the children what they need to accomplish the new task or skill
Remove the SCAFFOLD
Complete the task INDEPENDENTLY
The zone will be larger and larger
Knowledge has no limit.
range of abilities that a child can perform under the help or assistance, but he cannot achieve it by himself (Vygotsky, 1978)
Children’s knowledge are constructed by their experience
Zone of Proximal Development: Scaffolding as a Teaching Strategy
Applications in Education
Second language acquisition
i (the current level of your English)
i+2, 3， 4
researcher into second language acquisition
the progress that a English learner need makes in improving English is i+1
More comprehensible input
Theory of second language acquisition