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Sociocultural Theory

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Junnan Lyu

on 5 August 2013

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Transcript of Sociocultural Theory

Sociocultural Theory of Learning and Development
The development of high mental process
All-higher mental processes is sociocultural
Conclusion
The development of high mental process are based on the cultural environment

Have you ever thought
why
people from
all around
the world
came to
Lewis and Clark
to
study
language classes
?
NO
Sociocultural Theory
Psychology
Social Development Psychology
Lev Vygotsky
1896 – 1934
Russian and Soviet psychologist
Centered on topics of child development and education
Sociocultural Theory
a collective theory by later psychologists
"human development results from a dynamic interaction between individuals and society." (Woolfolk et al, 1998)
focus on the learning and development


ESL workshop: Scaffolding theory - A guide to learning English
Retrieved from http://esl.fis.edu/teachers/fis/scaffold/page1.htm
Kendra Cherry, What Is the Zone of Proximal Development? About.com Guide
Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/zindex/g/zone-proximal.htm
McLeod, S. A. (2007). Vygotsky - Simply Psychology. Retrieved from
http://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html
McLeod, S. A. (2009). Jean Piaget | Cognitive Theory - Simply Psychology.
Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/piaget.html
Woolfolk, Anita E. (1998). Educational PsychologySeventh Edition.
Boston: Allyn and Bacon
Vygotsky, L.S. (1978). Mind and society: The development of higher psychological processes.
Cambridge,MA: Harvard University Press.
Culture affecting VS view of universal stages
Social factors
The role of language
Children's knowledge

“play contains all developmental tendencies in a condensed form and is itself a major source of development,” because play “creates a zone of proximal development of the child”

(Vygotsky, 1978, p. 102, quoted from Lantolf, 2011, p. 29)
Innate Intellectual Development:
Attention
Sensation
Perception
Memory

Zone of Proximal Development
Society Basic abilities
More sophisticated
mental processes (High mental process)
Culture VS Universal stages
Interaction
Basic abilities
Vygotsky
Attention
Sensation
Perception
Memory

Vygostky VS Piaget
Piaget
Sensorimotor
Preoperational
Concrete Operational
Formal Operational
Constructivism Vygotsky and Piaget
References
Give Them a SCAFFOLD
gives the children what they need to accomplish the new task or skill
Remove the SCAFFOLD
Complete the task INDEPENDENTLY
The zone will be larger and larger
Knowledge has no limit.
range of abilities that a child can perform under the help or assistance, but he cannot achieve it by himself (Vygotsky, 1978)
Definition
Main idea
Children’s knowledge are constructed by their experience
Zone of Proximal Development: Scaffolding as a Teaching Strategy
Applications in Education
Team-work
Second language acquisition
Writing
Letter
i (the current level of your English)
i +1
i+2, 3, 4
Stephen Krashen
researcher into second language acquisition
the progress that a English learner need makes in improving English is i+1
More comprehensible input
Theory of second language acquisition
Question?
Full transcript