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Psychanalytic Criticism of The Metamorphosis

An overview of the psychoanalyic influences and aspects of Franz Kafka's, The Metamorphosis

Demasio Timmons

on 29 April 2013

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Transcript of Psychanalytic Criticism of The Metamorphosis

"The firstborn may also have the need to regain praise from their parents that they received before their siblings were born. The firstborn may come to feel unloved through the perceived loss of mother's love to the baby" ("Personality Synopsis Chapter 5: Psychodynamic and Neo-Freudian Theories").

Older-Sibling Syndrome: being "dethroned by the younger sibling", as well as experiencing the "common feeling of a fear of losing the top position [that] may make them more risk averse, and thus less likely to embark on a new venture" ("Personality Synopsis Chapter 5: Psychodynamic and Neo-Freudian Theories").

Obstacle 1 Obstacle 2 Obstacle 3 WOrks Cited Start Our Lonesome Protagonist:
Gregor Samsa He [Gregor] found himself with a "hard, armorlike back," a "brown, vaulted belly partitioned by arching ridges," and "his many legs, wretchedly thin compared with his overall girth [dancing] helplessly before his eyes" (Kafka 117).

In various intances, he was referred to as "it" or "monster" (Kafka 179-180); Gregor had his identity as a human stripped away from him without his consent by his own family. Personal Dehumanization Brumback, Wendy. "Literary Analysis: Fear and alienation in The Metamorphosis, by Franz Kafka." May 2010. Lecture.
Chenoweth, Rebecca. "Emergence: A Journal of Undergraduate Literary Criticism and CreativeResearch." Emergence: A Journal of Undergraduate Literary Criticism and Creative Research.Vol1. (2010): n. Web. 29 Nov. 2012.
Fitzgerald, Conor. "Analysis of The Metamorphosisby Franz Kafka Metamorphosis or Realization?." 2007. Web. 7 Dec. 2012.
Magill, Frank. “Franz Kafka.” Critical Survey of Short Fiction. 5. 1981. Print
Neugrochel, Joachim. "The Metamorphosis." Trans. Array The Great Short Works Of Franz Kafka. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000. 115-188. Print.
"Personality Synopsis Chapter 5: Pyschodynamic and Neo-Freudian Theories." AllPsychOnline: The Virtual Psychology Classroom. Heffner Media Group Inc., 23 Sep 2002. Web. 30 Jan 2013.
Shmoop Editorial Team."The Metamorphosis Themes"Shmoop.com.Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 15 Mar. 2013.
Psychoanalytic Criticism of
The Metamorphosis Summary of the Novella
A traveling salesman undergoes a creepy transformation changing him from a human to a hideous vermin.
His life has been altered drastically by his outward appearance that it affects everyone that comes encounter with him. Consequences of Birth Order Negative View of Self It was more so the mental standpoints that clarified the familial disjunctions of the Samsa's, even if it was "[Gregor's] own fear and self-doubt [that] alienated him," (Brumback).

Gregor's "inability to sleep is a troubling indicator that he is losing his grip on life and humanity after his transformation, but his relationship to sleep before the metamorphosis shows how long he has really been dehumanized" (Chenoweth). Thesis Within the novella The Metamorphosis, the psychoanalytic deviance of Gregor Samsa mirrors Kafka's idea of reaching an inevitable truth through alienation and the severe disjunction and nightmarish irrationality of lonesomeness Author's Influence Characters Franz Kafka, author of The Metamorphosis, was greatly influenced by the relationship between him & his own father that he utilized the characters of Gregor Samsa and Mr. Samsa to indirectly represent it. Grete Samsa
Mr. Samsa
Mrs. Samsa
The Charwoman
The Manager
The Borders
The Maid
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