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Transcript of Socio-Cultural Etiology
what is sociocultural psychology? Sociocultural Factors Socio refers to social processes; relating to society
Cultural refers to activities, behaviors, structures, events acceptable to a certain place and time
-cognitive processes and human behavior are products of social and cultural factors
-nature vs. NURTURE
-supports idea that culture and society may be the cause of the development of MDD -Violence
-Death of a loved one
-Lack of employment
-Absence of social support -Diathesis-stress model: illness/disorder = result of a genetic predisposition and precipitating events in the environment
- Diathesis: stimulus that makes a person prone to have an illness or disorder
-Possessing diathesis for a disorder --> increases person's risk of having it
- Stress accounts for how a diathesis may be translated into a disorder
- stress + diathesis -> disorder
- Diathesis-stress model= applies to ALL levels of psychology Diathesis-stress Model Sociocultural Theory of Depression -It is widely accepted that sociocultural factors contribute to mental health/risk of having MDD
-social stressors like war, urbanization, gender role..etc increase risk of having MDD
-Cultural and societal expectations, stereotypes, cultural differences, gender roles,...etc. --> depression
-Variations in society and culture can explain the difference in prevalence of depressive disorders in different areas.
- Concerned with origins of depression in women and how depression could be linked to sociocultural factors
-458 women were surveyed on their life and depressive moments
-29/32 who became depressed experienced an adverse life event
-78% of those who experienced an adverse life even did not become depressed
-Vulnerability factors (eg. lack of support), having more than 3 adolescent children, unemployment, early maternal loss, and social factors --> depression Brown and Harris (1978) - Evaluation of Brown and Harris's theory -new approach in understanding depression
-showed that social factors, NOT ONLY PERSONALITY FACTORS --> development of depression
-gender biased (only female participants)
-semi-structured interview Prevalence:
- is a statistical concept in psychiatry
- refers to the percentage of individuals within a population who are affected by a specific disorder at a given time. Possible explanations of cultural variation in the prevalence of depression - Differences in social & cultural background
Dutton, Sartorius et al
Marsella What does socio and cultural mean? Sociocultural Theory