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The African empire
Transcript of The African empire
The earliest Swahili culture developed in the Tana Valley and the Lamu Islands.
The Swahili used the dhow for ocean going trade in distant lands.
Unlike ancient Ghana, Mali, or Songhai, the individually independent Swahili City States didn’t have a solid political system.
Swahili’s culture of arts and crafts was supremely significant and very honored and important.
The items Africa received were silk, cotton, porcelain, and more. Swahili City State Climate:equatorial climate
Nok sculptures were made of terra cotta or fired clay.
The Nok Culture spanned the end of the Neolithic (Stone Age) and start of the Iron Age in sub-Saharan Africa.
The Nok discovered that by heating certain rocks, they were able to "smelt" iron.
Some of the earliest examples of sophisticated sculpture in sub-Saharan Africa come from the Nok culture.
Nok is an iron age culture that has been dated between 900 B.C. and 200 A.D. Nok Tribe Climate:wet and dry. Igbo Tribe Climate:Hot and dry
Mansa Musa was the most famous king.
The Mali Empire was strategically located between the West African gold mines and the agriculturally rich Niger River floodplain.
Commerce promoted the development of public works, including the building of social and religious structures.
Caravan routes have passed through Mali since A.D. 300.
The only fertile area is in the south, where the Niger and Senegal rivers provide water for irrigation. Mali Empire THANKS Ghana Empire Songhai Empire The Benin Empire The civilization of Great Zimbabwe was one of the most significant civilizations in the world during the Medieval period. The Zimbabwe empire had many varied climate and temperatures. The empire's legacy is still celebrated in the name of the Republic of Ghana First entered the historical consciousness of North Africa near the end of the eighth century but probably originated long before. The Ghana empire area can reach over 123 degrees Fahrenheit The Berbers were people living in North Africa, from Morocco's west coast to the oasis Siwa in Egypt, from Tunisia's north tip to the oases in mid-Sahara. Berber Empire It was through trading slaves with the Europeans that the Empire grew rich in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Mauch assumed that the Great Zimbabwe monuments were created by biblical characters from the north The first European to visit Great Zimbabwe was a German geologist, Carl Mauch, in 1871. Like others before him, Mauch refused to believe that indigenous Africans could have built such an extensive network of monuments made of granite stone. European travelers from Germany, Portugal, and Britain were astonished to learn of this powerful African civilization in the interior of southern Africa. Modern-day and ancient Ghana share no direct historical connections. Ghana (Wagadu), the earliest known empire of the western Sudan The influx of Arabs in North Africa has been far too insignificant throughout history to justify those large numbers of people now claiming to be Arabs. It is essential to understand this difference between race and identity in order to grasp the meaning of being Berber. Berbers comprise a clear majority of the population of North Africa in terms of race, but in terms of identity, a considerable minority. Hot desert area, heart of the Sahara. The first Obo was Eweka I who died in 1246. There is still an Obo, or king, although currently his role is mainly symbolic. The Benin Empire or Edo Empire (1440-1897) was a large pre-colonial African state of modern Nigeria. tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north the region is the gateway for the introduction and spread of Christianity. Aksum is at the crossroad of contrasting environments that include the arid lowlands of Sudan and Eritrea, the fertile Nile Valley, the coastal plains of the Red Sea and the great Rift Valley. Aksum was the capital city of a complex culture that developed during the 1st millennium AD. The climate of this region is a very hot dry region. It is hard to farm in but the tribe learned to farm there anyway. the region has a long history of plant exploitation, leading to the domestication of important staple crops and plough-farming. The Aksum Empire Climate: Facts: Climate: Facts: Climate: Climate: Facts: Facts: Climate: Facts: Facts: Igboland is the home of the Igbo people and it covers most of Southeast Nigeria.
It is believed that the Igbo tribe originated in an area about 100 miles north of their current location at the confluence of the Niger and Benue Rivers.
The majority of Igbo are farmers.
The Igbo are a politically fragmented group, with numerous divisions resulting from geographic differences
There are also various subgroups delineated in accordance with clan, lineage, and village affiliations. Facts: facts: Climate:cool and dry from November to February
The Songhai Empire was the largest and last of the three major pre-colonial empires to emerge in West Africa.
Sunni Ali Ber, the military commander responsible for these victories, is widely considered the first great ruler of the Songhai Empire.
The Songhai people founded Gao around 800 A.D. and established it as their capital in the 11th century.
The Songhai had settled on both banks of the middle Niger River.
They established a state in the 15th century, which unified a large part of the western Sudan and developed into a brilliant civilization. Facts: FOR WATCHING Facts: