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on 1 January 2014

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Transcript of AUSTRALIA

Officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. Neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east.
A little of the great australian flag,s history
The flag of Australia is a defaced Blue Ensign: a blue field with the Union Jack in the canton (upper hoist quarter), and a large white seven-pointed star known as the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter. The fly contains a representation of the Southern Cross constellation, made up of five white stars – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars.
Australian territory.
Australia has six states—New South Wales (NSW), Queensland (QLD), South Australia (SA), Tasmania (TAS), Victoria (VIC) and Western Australia (WA)—and two major mainland territories—the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT).
Some famous places of Australia.
Australia has a great variety of beautiful tourism places one of them is
the great coral ref,
australian dessert, blue mountains, etc. in
the other hand
some of the most famous australian cities, some of them are Sydney, Melbourne, Newcastle, etc.
Although most of Australia is semi-arid or desert, it includes a diverse range of habitats from alpine heaths to tropical rainforests, and is recognized as a mega diverse country.
the australian desert
Blue Mountains
Coral ref
Since 1788, the basis of Australian culture has been strongly influenced by Anglo-Celtic Western culture.[296][297] Distinctive cultural features have also arisen from Australia's natural environment and Indigenous cultures.[298][299] Since the mid-20th century, American popular culture has strongly influenced Australia, particularly through television and cinema.[300] Other cultural influences come from neighbouring Asian countries, and through large-scale immigration from non-English-speaking nations.
The Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne was the first building in Australia to be listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004.
Economy $$
Advance Australia
Australia is a wealthy country with a market economy, a relatively high GDP per capita, and a relatively low rate of poverty. In terms of average wealth, Australia ranked second in the world after Switzerland in 2013, and the nation's poverty rate increased from 10.2 per cent to 11.8 per cent, from 2000/01 to 2013. It was identified by the Credit Suisse Research Institute as the nation with the highest median wealth in the world and the second-highest average wealth per adult in 2013.
There are several climatic zones. In the centre is the most extensive , an arid area of high temperatures and weak and low rainfall (150 mm and average temperature of 23 º C). The air is very dry and the temperature variation during the day very pronounced , with overnight frosts . In the southwest , near Perth, and south is almost Mediterranean climate of hot dry summers (December to March) and mild, wet winters. To the north and northeast , tropical zone , temperatures are high ( average of 27 º C ) with altering summer monsoon and drought during the less hot season. The most temperate area corresponds to Tasmania , Melbourne and Canberra, with average temperatures of 12-14 ° C , and rainfall throughout the year. The mild subtropical climate evolves into the further north , becoming completely tropical Queensland.
Having finished the Second World War, the Australian government instigated a massive program to attract European immigration. After narrowly prevented the Japanese invasion and suffering attacks on Australian soil for the first time, it was believed that the country should "populated or perish." Immigration brought traditional migrants with UK for the first time, large numbers of southern and eastern Europeans. The growing Australian economy was not degraded unlike Europe, which had been devastated by war. In Australia recent immigrants found employment in government-assisted programs such as the Snowy Mountains Scheme. Two million people came to the nation's burgeoning South between 1948 and 1975
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