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2013 Special Topic---Applicaitons of GIS on Aging Population
Transcript of 2013 Special Topic---Applicaitons of GIS on Aging Population
To spatially identify the needs of the aging population
To spatially demonstrate the living environment
Aging Service Providers
Project 1: "Aging in Place" Atlas of East Central Illinois
A collaboration of the East Central Illinois Area Agency on Aging and the Institute for Geospatial Analysis & Mapping (GEOMAP)
To identify the locations of aging populations (75+) facing various risks, such as poverty, disabilities, ethnic/racial minorities, living arrangements, and so on.
Aging and Transportation
Project 2: The Integrated Model for Population Aging Consequences on Transportation (IMPACT)
Based on the Vehicle Kilometers Traveled (VKT), to build an aging friendly public transportation system in Ontario, Canada
Upon physical health status and age, travel behavior for the elderly is not spatially homogeneous but a large degree of variability (Paez, Potiglou, Kanaroglou, & Newbold 2006)
Applications of Geographic Information System in Gerontology
Chao-Lun (Jacob) Huang
Department of Sociology, UNT
To spatially assign relevant resources for the aging population
Advantages of using GIS on aging services
"The ability to live in one’s own home and community safely, independently, and comfortably, regardless of age, income, or ability level."
Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, CDC:
Emergency Preparedness Management
Project4: Planning for disasters
Learning from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake
To identify geographic areas and the information of hazards with the elderly.
"safer, more convenient locations for evacuation routes, shelters, transportation pickup points, supply distribution sites, and other services that older adults may need during an emergency" (CDC ,2012)
Based on the US Census block data, Yamashita & Kunkel (2012) demonstrate the elders' geographic accessibility to healthy and unhealthy food outlets, including supermarkets, produce vendors, fast food restaurants, convenience stores, and food access, in Hamilton County, Ohio.
People, especially for the elderly, who lived outside of service area were more likely to have poor accessibility of both healthy and unhealthy food
To suggest urban planners should improve accessibility of healthy food for the elderly
Aging and Transportation