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Characterization in Hamlet: Claudius
Transcript of Characterization in Hamlet: Claudius
"Oh, 'tis too true! How smart a lash that speech doth give my conscience! The harlot's cheek, beautied with plastering art, Is not more ugly to the thing that helps it Than is my deed to my most painted word. O heavy burden!"
Explanation: When Polonius said that people act devoted to mask their bad deeds, Claudius feels completely guilty. He feels like no matter how much he makes himself look good, he has still committed a bad deed and is no better than a prostitute.
Visual: Concealing things with makeup Quote #3 Karina Giron and Hannah Rae Quote #8 Act IV, vii, 10-19
" Oh, for two special reasons, Which may to you perhaps seem much unsinewed, but yet to to me they are so strong. The queen his mother Lives almost by his looks, and for myself--My virtue or my plague, be it either which...The other motive Why to a public count I might not go Is the great love the general gender bear him, who dipping all his faults in their affection"
Explanation: Claudius attempts to convince Laertes as to why he did not want to kill Hamlet. Thus attempt to gain support from him in order to assist him with killing him.
Visual: the citizens of Denmark love Hamlet
Quote #6 Quote #5 Act III, i, 29-38
" Sweet Gertrude, leave us too, For we have closely sent for Hamlet hither, That he, as 'twere by accident, may here affront Ophelia. Her father and myself Will so bestow ourselves that, seeing unseen, We may of their encounter frankly judge, And gather by him, as he is behaved, If't be the affliction of his love or no.That thus he suffers for"
Explanation: In this scene, Claudius plans to spy on Hamlet to see what is wrong with him. By spying on Hamlet, he hopes to find out whether or not he is onto his bad deeds.
Visual: Concealed handgun Quote #1 Quote #4 Quote #7 Quote #9 Act V, ii, 311
"She swoon to see them bleed"
Explanation: When Hamlet asks what happened to queen Gertrude, he lies to him, stating that she fainted from the sight of blood. She really died from the poisoned cup that he planned for Hamlet. Thus, he still wants to cover his tracks in spite of the fact that he wife just died. This shows his poor character as he still wants to kill Hamlet.
Visual: Covering your tracks
Act III, iii, 57,65-70
"May one be pardoned and retain th' offense?...What then? What rests? Try repentance can . What can it not? Yet what can it when one can not repent? O wretched state! O bosom black as death! O limed soul that, struggling to be free, Art more engaged! Help, angels"
Explanation: Claudius is wondering whether he can be forgiven and still keep all the privileges that he has since becoming king. He feels that even repenting can't help his situation and begs the angels to help him.
Visual: Blackened heart
CLAUDIUS: FROM A DIFFERENT VIEWPOINT Claudius's Goals Claudius's Essential Nature in Symbolic Form Allusions 3 strong verbs Act IV, vii, 153-161
" Should have a back or second that might hold If this should blast in proof.--Soft, let me see--We'll make a solemn wager on your cunnings-- I ha't! When in your motion you are hot and dry, As make tour bouts more violent to that end, And that he calls for a drink, I'll have prepared him a chalice for the nonce,w heron but sipping, If he by chance escape your venom stuck, Our purpose may hold there"
Explanation: In this excerpt Claudius is telling Laertes that they should have a back up plan in case that Hamlet does not Get wounded. In spite of the fact that he has been feeling guilty, he still attempts to assure that Hamlet dies so that he is not discovered for killing the King.
Visual: The backup plan to kill Hamlet is with poison Act IV, iii, 53, 56-58
"Thy loving father, Hamlet...Follow him at foot. Tempt him with speed aboard. Delay it not. I'll have him hence tonight. Away! For everything is sealed and done That else leans on the affair."
Explanation: After to telling Hamlet that he loves him, Claudius orders his men to kill him. Thus, this shows Claudius two-faced, deceitful nature. Act III, ii, 281
Guildenstern: "He's in his chambers now, he's extremely upset"
Explanation: After the scene of the play is enacted in front of Claudius, he cannot handle the guilt that he feels that he had too leave. Thus, this shows the amount of guilt and pressure he feels now that he might be discovered.
Visual: Claudius hides in his room
Act III, iii, 45-53
"Were thicker than itself with brother's blood/ is there not rain enough in the sweet heaven To wash it as white as snow?Whereto serves mercy But to confront the visage of this offence? And what' in a prayer but this twofold force, To be forestalled ere we come to fall or pardoned being down? Then I'll look up. My fault is past. But oh, what form of prayer Can serve my turn, "Forgive me my foul murder"?
Explanation: In this excerpt, Claudius is debating with himself over is guilt. He feels that he has been marked with the same sin as Cain, but he feels that God's mercy should wash away his sin. Thus, he tries to pray to God to forgive him for his horrible murder.
Visual: Cain and Abel Act III, iii, 37-41
"Oh, my offense is rank. It smells to heaven. It hath a primal eldest curse upon't. A brother's murder. Pray I can not. Though inclination be as sharp as will, My stronger guilt defeats my strong intent"
Claudius's guilt can also be alluded to Macbeth. In this play, Lady Macbeth felt increasingly guilty, like Claudius, for encouraging Macbeth to grasp more power by immoral means. Additionally, they both want to portray these tough and evil characters, but deep down they still feel tremendous amounts of guilt.
Act 1, ii, 139-140
"So excellent a king, that was to this Hyperion to a satyr"
1. To seize power over Denmark, no matter what the cost.
2. To be loved and glorified by his people-- even though the Danish citizens will always pledge their loyalty to King and Prince Hamlet.
3. Be forgiven by God for his murderous deeds Act IV, i, 12-20
" O heavy deed! It had been so with us, had we been there. His liberty is full of threats to all--To you yourself, to us, to everyone. Alas, how shall this bloody deed be answered? It will be laid to us, whose providence Should have kept short, restrained and out of haunt, This mad young man. But so much was our love, We would not understand what was most fit"
Explanation: After finding out that Hamlet killed Polonius, Claudius realizes that he has to somehow control Hamlet because he poses a threat to them all. However, he really wants to stop Hamlet from exposing his lies, in addition to dealing with Ophelia and Laertes.
Visual: Hamlet departs for London
Claudius's Character CONNIVING