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Regime Diferenciado de Contratações

Presenting the brazilian experience on electronic lawsuit systems
by

Cláudio Lucena

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of Regime Diferenciado de Contratações

expensive
unreasonably long
Prof. Ms. Alexandre Soares de Melo


João Pessoa - PB,
Setembro de 2013
Overview

Numbers and first impressions

System examples
Context
ICT and administration of justice
Legal landmarks
MP 2.200/2001
Federal Law 11.419/2006
Prototypes
Social costs of a wide access to justice
Brazil has approximately 190 million inhabitants

85,6 million lawsuits (2010, www.cnj.jus.br)

20,6 million new cases every year

The State of Rio Grande do Sul, for example, led the statistics of lawsuits filed in 2008, when 1,5 million new cases reached the State Court, in a proportion of more than 14 new lawsuits per 100 inhabitants

Extremely high degree of litigiousness
Some numbers: paper, time, costs
Economic costs of a wide access to justice
60% of the time of a lawsuit consists of pure bureaucratic activities

uneffective justice: reduction of the country’s long term growth rate of up to 25%

the country with a more effective justice could grow up to 0,8% a year

national production could increse up to 14%

unemployment could be reduced up to 9,5%

investments could increase up to 10,4%
Ipea – Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (Institute of Applied Economic Research)
Regardless of the kind of legal dispute,
the citizen will face a lawsuit which is both
Institutes Brazilian Public Key Infrastructure (ICP-Brasil)
Regulates validity of an electronic document
Art. 1 : Brazilian Public Key Infrastructure (ICP-Brasil) is hereby established, to guarantee
the integrity, authenticity and legal validity of
documents in electronic form,
of support applications and of enabled
aplications that
use digital certificates,
as well as secure electronic
trasactions.
MP 2.200-2, 24-08-2001
BPMS
GED
E-CAC
SUPER
SIMPLES
DIPJ
DCTF
NFE
CTE
EFD
ECD
PEP
TISS
Integrated Technologies
documents in electronic form,
aplications that
transactions.
Validity of electronic documents/transactions in Brazil
Privacy or, at least, discretion.The information is only revealed to someone with legitimate access.
The author of a transaction may not
deny having made it.
Identity
Document was not
unauthorizedly changed
AUTHENTICATION
INTEGRITY
CONFIDENTIALITY
IRRETRACTABILITY
LEGAL PROCESS TECNOLOGY
ICP
(PKI)
General attributes
EDM, procedural acts
and electronic
flow of information
e-pleadings
Physical presence
absolutely
unnecessary
Practically
No paperwork
Extension of deadlines
E-courts run 24/7
Internet Access. Courts are everywhere.
(ubiquitous justice?)
The Research
To investigate the impact of the system on those who need to seek the Judiciary System for solutions, time lapses in Paraíba Labour Court, which already works with fully electronic lawsuits were analysed, and compared to those from a State Circuit Court.
For the analisys, as the two legal instances being investigated are based on slightly different procedural provisions, 50 tort liability actions were selected in each, once this kind of lawsuit has approximately the same development in both spheres. Time lapses between certain points in the lawsuit were recorded.
The Research
The Research
For the work, 4 time lapses were analysed:

1.      Initial pleading - Ruling
2.      Initial pleading - Hearing
3.      Response – Ruling
4.      Hearing – Ruling
1) Initial Pleading - Ruling
- Labor Justice: 2 monts, 3 days
State Justice: 2 years, 1 month

2) Initial Pleading - Hearing
Labor Justice: 1 month, 7 days
State Justice: 10 months, 14 days
3) Response - Ruling
Labour Justice: 1 month, 6 days
State Justice: 1 year, 9 months, 24 days 

4) Hearing - Ruling
Labour Justice: 27 days
State Justice: 1 year, 7 months, 14 days
at the moment, tools just reproduce the model of an ordinary paper lawsuit

results already suggest that the implementation of these tools manage to eliminate redundant, repetitive work, extinguishing some useless, time-consuming bureaucratic-only tasks, speeding the whole process

useful alternative to automatically store precise statistic data that can be further used to monitor and feedback the system, for decision support purposes
The results, as has been pointed out, are still preliminary. Although they can be exciting, since it is a simple conceptual innovation that can bring positive impacts in the productivity of Brazilian justice, further investigation has to monitor and continuously analyze the middle and long term effects of the large scale implementation of this solution, to verify if similar results will be achieved in different spheres of the Judiciary Power, like civil, administrative, taxation, criminal, constitutional, electoral and other courts of justice.
Finally, it is also essential to deepen the study to evaluate to what extent the historical problems of duration, formality and storage can be adequately faced with minimum side effects, and minimum impact on other complex issues, such as privacy, security, and accessibility.
E-process tools and systems
costs of implementing the tool
a new digital court will cost around R$ 25.000,00 (computers, scanners, equipment, installation and capacitation of the team)

the cost of regular lawsuits insumes (paper, ink, printers, staples, labels, cover, etc) is around R$ 20,00 per unit

this means 1.000 new lawsuits are enough to recover the investment of the installation of a new digital court

in the 4ª Region of the Federal Justice in Brazil, over 210.000 new digital lawsuits were filed, implying an economy of around R$ 4.200.000,00

environmental impact (5,5 million paper sheets)
Impressions
Impressions
Contato
alexandresmelo@fpb.edu.br
ADIN 4645
ADIN 4655
ESPECIALIZAÇÃO EM DIREITO ADMINISTRATIVO E GESTÃO PÚBLICA

O Brasil sediará nos próximos anos grandes eventos esportivos internacionais, tais como Copa das Confederações FIFA em 2013, Copa do Mundo FIFA 2015 além dos Jogos Olímpicos e Paraolímpicos de 2016.
Pregão
Lei 10.520/2002
Parcerias Público-Privadas
Lei 11.079/2004
Priorização de Processos Eletrônicos
Lei 11.419/2006

A característica principal do novo regime de contratações públicas é que ele flexibiliza as regras rígidas de contratação no âmbito da Administração Pública, regras estas instituídas pelo marco regulatório das licitações públicas no país que é a Lei Federal n° 8.666/93.
Art. 1o É instituído o Regime Diferenciado de Contratações Públicas (RDC), aplicável exclusivamente às licitações e contratos necessários à realização:

I - dos Jogos Olímpicos e Paraolímpicos de 2016, constantes da Carteira de Projetos Olímpicos a ser definida pela Autoridade Pública Olímpica (APO); e

II - da Copa das Confederações da Federação Internacional de Futebol Associação - Fifa 2013 e da Copa do Mundo Fifa 2014, definidos pelo Grupo Executivo - Gecopa 2014 do Comitê Gestor instituído para definir, aprovar e supervisionar as ações previstas no Plano Estratégico das Ações do Governo Brasileiro para a realização da Copa do Mundo Fifa 2014 - CGCOPA 2014, restringindo-se, no caso de obras públicas, às constantes da matriz de responsabilidades celebrada entre a União, Estados, Distrito Federal e Municípios;

III - de obras de infraestrutura e de contratação de serviços para os aeroportos das capitais dos Estados da Federação distantes até 350 km (trezentos e cinquenta quilômetros) das cidades sedes dos mundiais referidos nos incisos I e II.
Críticas
a) Sigilo das cotações de preços;
b) Contratação Integrada (Projeto Básico e Executivo);
c) Indicação de Marcas e Modelos
d) Contratação Simultânea de duas empresas para prestarem um mesmo serviço;
e)Possibilidade de Exigência de Amostras (Acórdão do TCU 808/2003 - Plenário);
f) Exige carta de solidariedade do fabricante (Acórdão do TCU 423/2007 veda tal exigência como condição de habilitação)
g) Pagamento dos contratos segundo padrões de desempenho
Alternativas e Tendências
Considerações Finais
MÓDULO - LICITAÇÕES E CONTRATOS ADMINISTRATIVOS
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