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Contraception, Sex Education

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Livia Vernari

on 27 April 2013

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Transcript of Contraception, Sex Education

Year 10 Contraceptives Contraceptives Condoms What
Contraceptives
do you
know? The pill Emergency Contraceptives Female Sterilisation Progestogen only
Pill Male Sterilisation Injectable Contraception Diaphragm Intra-Uterine Device
(IUD) Contraceptive Implant Barrier Methods Hormonal Methods Other Methods Diaphragm Condom Female only Contraceptive
It is a soft dome-shaped rubber cup with a flexible rim, which fits in the vagina to cover the cervix
Two types: Coil Spring and All- flex, they come in all different sizes.
Diaphragm is a barrier method that stops semen from entering the uterus (womb) and fertilising an egg.
Needs to be inserted before sex and needs to stay in for at least 6 hours after having intercourse, to prevent semen reaching an egg. Positives Negatives It is female controlled
It contains no hormones
If fitted correctly, it won't be felt during intercourse 90% effectiveness, not as effective as hormonal contraceptives
You can't have spontaneous sex and you need to have it with you at all times.
Allergic reaction to rubber or spermicide.
Does not protect you against Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Progestogen Only Pill Contraceptive Implant Female only contraceptive
A white plastic rod is inserted under the skin of the inner, upper arm. It releases a consistent amount of progestogen into the body.
Progestogen hormone- stops the release of an egg by the ovaries, creating mucus at the entrance of the uterus thicker, which prevents sperm getting through and changing the lining of the uterus, so a fertilised egg can't grow.
Effective for 3 years, needs to be taken out and replaced with a new one every 3 years. Positives Negatives Extremely effective method 99.9%
Effectiveness is immediate if inserted in first 5 days of menstruation, but other times of cycle it takes 7 days. Other forms of contraceptives such as condom need to be used, while waiting for effectiveness. It takes a month for females to return to menstrual cycle and fertility after removing the implant.
Irregular bleeding may occur.
It does not protect you against Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Positives Negatives Positives Negatives Positives Negatives Injectable Contraception Female only contraceptive
Injected into the muscle (usually buttock), progestogen is released into the body.
Progestogen hormone stops the release of an egg by the ovaries, creating mucus at the entrance of the uterus thicker, so sperm can't get through and changing the lining of the uterus, so a fertillised egg can't grow. Effective method of contraception 99%
It needs to be regularly given every 12 weeks, it is not reliant on taking it every day
The injection can be given anytime of a females cycle.
Immediately effective when injected at the first day of a female's menstruation. Any other time it is effective after 7 days, other contraceptives such as a condom should be used. The hormone stays in your system after a further 12 weeks, which affects menstrual cycle and delays the return of fertility.
Irregular bleeding may occur
Doctors suggest not take this contraceptive for more then 2 years, decreases bone density.
It does not protect you against Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Emergency Contraception Positives Negatives Male and female contraceptive
Condoms are known as a barrier method
Male: Thin rubber that is placed on an erect penis before intercourse
Female: Thin plastic that has flexible rings either end, one end is closed and then placed inside the vagina.
Effectiveness of 98% Use water-based lubricant to prevent friction and won't break the condom.
More accessible then other forms of contraceptives, from supermarket, pharmacies and vending machines in public toilets.
It is the only contraceptive that protects you from sexually transmitted disease (STD) Don't use old condoms, there is a higher chance of the condom breaking and deterioration.
Only use one condom
Oil based lubricants such as Vaseline, it can break down the condom material.
Some females may find it difficult to insert the female condom at the beginning Female only contraceptive.
It contains a progestogen hormone, which stops the release of an egg by the ovaries, making mucas at the entrance of the uterus thicker so sperm can't get through and changing the lining of the uterus so a fertilised egg can't grow
It needs to be taken every day including during your menstruation to be most effective. Has to be taken at the same time everyday, if not taken in 3hours you may fall pregnant.
Don't choose if your are forgetful or have a split shift job.
There may be unexpected bleeding
Consult your doctor if your taking any other medication and if you have gastro this contraceptive will not be effective.
It does not protect you against Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Female only contraceptive
A dose of progestogen taken after unprotected intercourse to reduce the risk of pregnancy.
It can be taken for up to 5 days after unprotected intercourse.
More effective sooner it is taken
It is 90% effective if taken in the first 24hours after unprotected intercourse. Normal for some women to feel nauseous after taking the emergency contraception.
It is not a pregnancy test, so if your menstruation does not come, a pregnancy test is necessary.
It is not as effective, only 80% within 24hours
It does not protect you from Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Prevents pregnancy of 75- 95%
Over 18's it is readily accessible over the counter, under 18 you need a prescription.
It can be taken after a female has had unprotected sex, condom breakage and/ or a condom slipping off during intercourse
Most effective between the first 12 hours. The Pill Female only contraceptive.
Oral tablet contraceptive, that contains oestrogen and progestogen hormones.
28 pills in a packet (21 hormone pills and 7 sugar pills).
7 sugar pills are designed for the female to have her menstruation.
99% effective when it is taken correctly
It needs to be taken everyday at the same time. Positives Negatives Can be used to help manage menstrual problems.
Can reduce the chance of uterus, ovaries, breast cancer, endometriosis and ovarian cysts.
By taking a certain pill it can improve ache.
6 months after stopping the pill you can become fertile. A few side effects from taking the pill, but if serious problems occur consult your doctor.
Dependent on the female to remember to take the pill, which some females find difficult.
Always check with your doctor if your medication will conflict with the pill.
If you come down with gastro, your contraceptive will not be effective
Will not protect you from Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) The birth control ring Birth control Ring Female only contraceptive
Soft flexible ring, that is inserted in the vagina that releases two hormones, estrogen and progesterone
It inhibits the release of the egg.
It needs to be removed after 3 weeks, 1 week of mensuration and then a new ring is inserted. Positive Negative Only needs to be replaced once a month, more convenient for females who tend to forget
Helps with menstruation pains and bleeding.
Can be removed, moved further in the vagina and re-inserted till it feels comfortable. It may be uncomfortable to insert the ring.
There is a few side affects at the beginning they will disappear, if not consult your doctor.
If the ring is removed for more then 3 days, you are unprotected and you need to use other contraceptives
It does not protect you from sexually transmitted disease (STD) Intra-Uterine Device Female only contraceptive
Placed inside the uterus to stop pregnancy.
There are two types Copper IUDS (Copper T & Multiload) and Hormonal IUD (Mirena).
Copper IUDs stop sperm movement and prevent the implantation of the egg.
Hormonal IUDs releases progestogen which changes the lining of the womb and makes it difficult for a fertilised egg to implant.
Copper is effective for 8 years
Hormonal IUD is effective for 5 years Positives Negatives Effective and reliable method of contraceptive 98-99%
Easier to maintain, because you don't need to remember to take them.
Long term contraceptive.
Once removed both types of IUD stops being effect straight away, for fertility.
Hormonal IUD will help to reduce menstruation pain. Don't choose Cooper IUD if you have painful or long menstruation, low in blood iron and/ or allergic reaction to copper.
There is a slim chance the IUD may come out during menstruation, check for the string.
There is a small chance of getting an infection after being inserted.
Does not protect you from Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD). Male
Steralisation Male only sterilisation.
Vasectomy is a permanent form of contraception.
It is an operation that 'snips' the vas deferens. The sperm produced in the testes can not get into the sperm that is released during intercourse.
Local anaesthetic is given during the procedure. It takes 20 minutes and is normally a day surgery. Positives Negatives No more use of contraceptives
It is a day surgery and can take up to 2hours maximum for the operation.
Sexual intercourse can happen when you feel comfortable again
The operation is 100% effective. It is irreversible, once you have the operation you can't change your mind.
After the operation there may be some pain at the site of the operation, but pain medication should help to relieve.
After the operation you are still at risk of getting sexually transmitted disease (STD) Female Sterilisation Female only sterilisation
It is a permanent procedure, where the fallopian tubes are blocked, so that sperm cannot reach the egg and begin a pregnancy.
There are two procedures: tubal sterilisation and essure.
Tubal sterilisation is where the fallopian tubes are closed off, usually by clips and rings. This is a day surgery and rest is needed the next day.
Essure is a newer method. A fine wire coil is inserted into the fallopian tubes. Over 2-3 months the tube closes around the coil blocking the fallopian tubes. Positives Negatives Both procedures are irreversible. It may be possible to rejoin the fallopian tubes, it's only 50% successful. It increases chances of ectopic pregnancy (foetus forming in the fallopian tub instead of the womb).
General anesthetic can cause nausea or tiredness and some abdominal pain.
This procedure does not protect you from Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Permanent form of contraception, you don't need to use any other contraception.
Tubal sterilisation is effective immediately.
Essure is effective 3 months after the procedure. It is 92-99% effective when taken correctly
It is to be taken the first day of your menstruation cycle to be most effective.
Lower dose of hormones, when compared to the pill. because has only one hormone not two.
Side effects are quite rare.
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