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Passive and Active Voice

Shirome and Kiran :)
by

K K

on 9 March 2014

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Transcript of Passive and Active Voice

Grammar 101
Using Passive Voice and Active Voice Together
You don't want to use both passive and active voice in the same sentence!
Voice
Active Voice:

When the subject performs the action
e.g.
The student

played

the piano
yesterday
What's the Difference?
Passive Voice:
When an action is acted upon by a subject
e.g.
The piano
was
played
by
the student
ACTIVE VOICE
PASSIVE VOICE
direct, straightforward
often shorter sentences
most commonly used
subject acts upon the verb
subtle and indirect way of speaking
longer sentences
include
was
and may include
by
more complex sentences
may be vague
verb is acted on
can be used to hide the subject
Hiding the Pronoun
When?
in professional pieces of writing
e.g. lab reports, essays, etc.
In scientific writing and essays,
we often use passive voice, to hide the pronoun and make our points and conclusions seem
more neutral and unbiased.
Why?
Examples
Human errors such as a difference in the speed of stirring could be a factor that affected the rate of dissolving of the powder.
Your cookie was eaten.
The Life of Pi was written in 2001 and received several awards and nominations.
By who?
(we don't know)
Sounds professional and indirect (you're including your mistakes without including personal pronouns)
By who?
(we don't know)
WHY?
Example:
He loves me and is loved by me.
Example:
Phineas and Ferb are always trying to build something new, but they are disrupted by Candice.
Examples
Examples
Going Back and Forth
Active Voice to Passive Voice
Passive Voice to Active Voice
Shirome dropped the book down the stairs.
Identify the
subject,

verb
and
object
.
Shirome

dropped

the book

down the stairs.
The
object
starts the sentence, followed by the
verb
and the
subject
.
Shirome

dropped
the book

The book

was
dropped
down the stairs

by
Shirome.
The book was dropped down the stairs by Shirome.
Identify the
subject,

verb
and
object
.
The movie tickets

were
bought
yesterday
by
Kiran.
The
subject
starts the sentence, followed by the
verb
and the
object.
Re-word the sentence and remove '
was
' and '
by
'.

by
Kiran

were
bought
the movie tickets
Kiran
bought
the movie tickets

yesterday.
The movie tickets were bought yesterday by Kiran.
Re-word the sentence and add '
was
' before the verb and '
by
' before the subject.
Identify the
subject,

object
and
verb
in the following sentences.
David placed the cup on the counter.
Shirome and Courtney

carried

the boxes
to the empty room.
Pi

left

the water
running on the tap.
David

placed

the cup
on the counter.
Shirome and Courtney carried the boxes to the empty room.
Pi left the water running on the tap.
subject
comes before
the action
and
object
object
comes before
the action
and
subject
awkward and wordy sentence
Correction:
He loves me and I love him.
Correction:
Phineas and Ferb are always trying to build something new, but Candice disrupts them.
long and confusing; unneccesary
The zoo was bombarded by visitors.
The stores were crowded.
The Royal Family visited several countries this year.
Mr. Kerr read the book,
Life of Pi,
to the class.
Active and Passive Voice
Identify the
subject,

object
and
verb
in the following sentences and change the sentence to the opposite voice.
PASSIVE VOICE
When to use it
When to avoid it
Visitors

bombarded

the zoo.
Several countries
were
visited
by
the Royal Family.
The book,
Life of Pi,

was
read
to the class by
Mr. Kerr.
The customers

crowded

the stores.
the subject is unknown
the subject is unimportant
you are trying to hide who is responsible
you want to place an emphasis on the subject
research assignments
allows students to "cover holes in their research"
causes ideas discussed to be vague and not specific
PASSIVE VOICE
Bruh, what's the difference?
Is this related to my vocal chords?
So...?
BIBLIOGRAPHY
University of Toronto. "Passive Voice: When to Use It and When to Avoid It." Passive Voice: When to Use It and When to Avoid It. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://www.writing.utoronto.ca/advice/style-and-editing/passive-voice>.
"ACTIVE/ PASSIVE VOICE." Voice: Active and Passive. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://www.towson.edu/ows/activepass.htm>.
"Examples of Active and Passive Voice." Examples of Active and Passive Voice. Your Dictionary, n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2014. <http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples/examples-of-active-and-passive-voice.html>.
Kiran bought the movie tickets yesterday.
Thank You
A presentation by Kiran and Shirome!
Full transcript