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Irish Republican Army

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Diana Lawryshyn

on 20 November 2014

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Transcript of Irish Republican Army

Irish Republican Army
Bloody Friday
Bloody Friday took place on "Friday 21 July 1972" (BBC).
IRA Splinter Groups
Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin was founded in 1905, and is an Irish republican party.
What is it Like Now?
The IRA has an income of about £32 m ($57 m)
This is mostly generated from smuggling and robberies.
The Protestant people of Northern Ireland believe that Northern Ireland should remain part of the United Kingdom.

The Catholic nationalist
community are part of the
Irish Republican Army (IRA)
and want Northern Ireland
to seperate from Britain.
Works Cited
The IRA is fighting for northern Ireland
The first war took place
The Irish War Of Independence
this war was what separated
Northern Ireland
from the
Republic of Ireland
"IRA: Irish Republican Army." YouTube. YouTube, 12 May 2007. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.
Lead by Michael Collins
Used guerilla tactics
Bloody Friday was lead by the Provisional IRA against the British troops.
23 bombs were planted over the Belfast city center.
The violent episode continued for "one hour and 20 minutes" (BBC).
There were nine casualties and 130
Guerrilla Tactics
Bloody Sunday
Definition of Terrorism
The act of inflicting terror on others without a justified reason.
British Army Tactics
Took place on "Sunday, January 30, 1972."
Bloody Sunday.
Encyclopedia Britannica. Sunday November 16th 2014. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/726532/Bloody-Sunday
Sunday Bloody Sunday - U2
TheDublinersHQ. "U2 - Sunday Bloody Sunday-HQ." Web.
19 Dec 2011. 17 Nov 2014.
Provisional IRA: Used Terrorist tactics, responsible for almost all the bombings and violent acts.

Official IRA: The Official Front of IRA.

Real IRA and Continuity IRA:

Split off groups of the provisional IRA
Violence erupted as the British carried out commands to arrest any protestors.
Roman Catholic Community (protestors, demonstrators) vs. British Army.
An inquiry, which was ordered by British Prime Minister Edward Heath, was lead by "Lord Widgery, the lord chief of justice of England."
The Saville Report also documented that the first shot was fired by the British Army
The British retaliated against the Irish protestors by using "rubber bullets and a water cannon" during Bloody Sunday (Britannica).
There have not been any recent deaths/murders

There has been lots of property damage:
Purposely bumping into cars
Failed Attempts at murders
Sending letter bombs
A man gave civilians a 45 minute warning before exploding a large firebomb in reception of a hotel
13 lay dead and 14 were wounded ("unadulterated murder".
In 2010, "British Prime Minister David Cameron went before Parliament to apologize for the shootings."
Atomic Bombings. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 16 Nov. 2014. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
A year later, financial compensation was given to the victim's families by the British government.
Digital image. Uluda Szlk RSS. N.p., 2014. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.uludagsozluk.com/k/ingilizlerin-le%C5%9F-gibi-kokmas%C4%B1/>.
The Troubles Gallery. Digital image. BelfastTelegraph.co.uk. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.
Sir Edward Heath was Prime Minister in 1972.
Web. 17 Nov 2014.
Digital image. Irish Republican Army, Oliver Cromwell, and Political Terrorism and Violence. Rjgeib.com, 21 Jan. 1998. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.
A Woman Alone with the IRA. YouTube. YouTube, 16 Oct. 2014. Web. 17 Nov. 2014.
Sinn Féin separated after the Anglo-Irish Treaty was passed in 1921 by the British.
Both factions of Sinn Féin opposed each other in the Irish Civil War (1922-23).
Digital image. Denver Public Library. Denver Public Library 2014, 20 July 2012. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://denverlibrary.org/blog/england-great-britain-united-kingdom-whats-difference>.
Eamon De Valera "resigned as leader and founded the Fianna Fáil party, which absorbed most of Sinn Féin's original membership" (Britannica.com).
Prime Minister Eamon De Valera, Addressing the Crowds at the United Front Rally.
Web. 17 Nov 2014.
"TRAC | Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium." TRAC | Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.trackingterrorism.org/>.
Michael Collins.
17 Nov 2014.
Bloody Friday, Belfast.
Web. 17 Nov 2014. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/events/bloody_friday_belfast
Bloody Friday, Belfast.
Web. 17 Nov 2014. http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/events/bloody_friday_belfast
Bloody Sunday.
16 Nov 2014. www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/726532/Bloody-Sunday
Sinn Féin Online.
16 Nov 2014. www,sinnféin.org.
Sinn Féin. Brtiannica.com. 16 Nov 2014. www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topics/546134/Sinn-Féin
Irish Civil War. 1922. MP4. Britannica's Original Sources. Web. 16 Nov. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/294148/Irish-Republican-Army-IRA>.
Bloody Friday
They were essentially the same but employed different tactics.
the 'real' IRA
Each division of the IRA believed themselves to be

By: Diana Brianagh and Ambikaa
We believe that the IRA are...
Freedom Fighters
Interrogation by the British
The British arrested suspected IRA members and loyalists without trial. Accounts of interrogation from various sources, including both sides, include:
Hooding, white noise, and sleep deprivation
Prolonged enforced physical exercise
Deceiving people into believing they were to be thrown from a helicopter
Beatings, burned with cigarettes
Stretching limbs into painful positions for hours
"History - Internment." History - Internment. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2014.
Cobain, Ian. "Inside Castlereagh: 'We Got Confessions by Torture'" TheGuardian. N.p., n.d. Web.

Zalman, Amy. "What Is the Irish Republican Army and What Do They Stand For?" About. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Nov. 2014.
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