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Transcript of The Piano
The piano was invented in Padua, Italy, in 1709 by Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori, a harpsichord maker.
Strings have been attached and stretched over bows and boxes to amplify the sound even during prehistoric time.
The eventual evolution of stringed instruments with a keyboard occurred in Europe in the 14th century. This led to the invention of a Harpsichord. (looked like a piano, but could not vary in volume because it worked by plucking)
Bartolomeo di Francesco Cristofori
During the classical music era, most musics written were made to be played on any keyboard music available. In fact, not only till the 1780s, did the piano replace the harpsichord as the go to instrument.
Classical music, described as serious or conventional music, uses a large variety of instruments with the piano being the predominant keyboard instrument.
Composers such as Haydn and Mozart wrote piano solos, but their sonatas, compositions for solo instruments with a piano, were their masterpieces.
The piano eventually became a popular solo instrument when Beethoven took it to the limit and improved on the piano itself.
As the product of New Orleans, Jazz is the genre of music that linked the common bonds of European American and African American music. It emerged in the late 19th century and ranges from ragtime, a type of dance music, to present-day jazz. This hard to define but passionate genre, makes use of blue notes, swing notes, and solo instruments like the piano.
Jazz took off in popularity, during Prohibition, where illicit clubs became lively venues of jazz. Jazz became the music to dance to, and the piano allowed performers to show their passion through its melodic and harmonic capabilities.
Rhythm and Blues is the genre of popular African-American music that originated in the 1940s in New Orleans. It is Jazz based but with a heavy, insistent beat. R&B bands usually consisted of a Piano, guitars, bass, drums, and other instruments including background vocals.
Pianos provided fast expressive sounds that when along with the newly introduced electric guitars and bass. R&b combined the elements of rhythm and blues, soul, funk, pop, hip hop and dance. All of which made use of the piano.
"I've got a woman"
housing/lid: gives a louder and more resonant sound
keyboard: comprised of 88 black and white keys
pedals: makes the sound softer or certain notes sound longer
hammers and strings: When you press a key, its hammer strikes a string, which vibrates producing sound
Though the basic design has stayed the same from the 1700, innovations have been added to the piano such as finding special wood or newly available materials to make the piano more durable and enjoyable.
While still working like a traditional piano, with strings and hammers, player pianos are able to record music, play it back, and assist the composing of music.
What may look like the simple electronic keyboard, digital pianos offer sophisticated high quality sound that are sample from top pianos. They also provide other instrument voices, play recorded music, and can teach beginner pianists.
Today, composers and producers are able to make music from software pianos on the computer, which seem unfathomable 100 years ago. Softwares such as Garageband allow a single person to create and produce music that an orchestra would play. Piano softwares allow flexibility, ability to control pitch, time, and formats.
Ukrainian born pianist, known for expert technique, and considered one of the greatest pianist of the 20th century.
He performed all around the world in places such as Carnegie Hall, Russia, London, and the White House.
He is acclaimed for his recordings and is known for reading musical pieces with definite accuracy.
Poland's greatest composer, He focused his efforts on piano composition and was a strong influence on following composers .
He published his first composition at age 7, and wrote many more highly influential compositions.
Known as an excellent piano teacher
He performs in all of the major international music centers and with every leading orchestra.
He developed a close friendship with Vladimir Horowitz, who became an inspiration.
Perahia embarked on an project to edit the complete Beethoven Sonatas for the Henle Urtext Edition. He also produced and edited numerous hours of recordings by the legendary pianist, Alfred Cortot, which resulted in the highly acclaimed Sony CD release, “Alfred Cortot: The Master Classes.”
Chopin's Scherzo No. 2
"Frederic Chopin." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2014.
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"Murray Perahia." The Official Site. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2014.
"Music - Black Music History Timeline." Music - Black Music History Timeline | NOW Magazine. Now Magazine, n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
"Parts of a Piano." For Dummies. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2014.
"Piano Evolution And How It Made Music Better." Lacefield Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2014.
"Vladimir Horowitz." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2014.
"The World's Leading Classical Music Group." History of Classical Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Nov. 2014.
(Now Playing: fur elise by ludwig van beethoven)
The piano was first exhibited in Florence in 1709. It was originally called "gravicembalo col piano e forte" (soft and loud keyboard instrument), later shortened to pianoforte, then piano.