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French Guiana

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Ryan Pierson

on 8 October 2015

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Transcript of French Guiana

Some Sites You Can See
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The original inhabitants of French Guiana were Native Americans. The French came to the area in the 17th century. They had a difficult time surviving due to tropical diseases. For a short period of time (1809 -1813) the Portuguese took over the area, but soon the French regained control through the Treaty of Paris.

France used the now infamous Devil's Island, an island off the coast of French Guiana, as a penal colony for criminals. France sent almost 56,000 prisoners to the island, few of which survived.

In 1964 the construction of a space-travel base was started in French Guiana. Today the Guiana Space Center is an important part of the European space industry.
Type of Government: NA

Languages Spoken: French

Independence: none (overseas department of France)

National Holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)

Nationality: French Guianese (singular and plural)

Religions: Roman Catholic

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Major Industries: construction, shrimp processing, forestry products, rum, gold mining

Agricultural Products: corn, rice, manioc (tapioca), sugar, cocoa, vegetables, bananas; cattle, pigs, poultry

Natural Resources: bauxite, timber, gold (widely scattered), petroleum, kaolin, fish, niobium, tantalum, clay

Major Exports: shrimp, timber, gold, rum, rosewood essence, clothing

Major Imports: food (grains, processed meat), machinery and transport equipment, fuels and chemicals

Currency: euro (EUR)

Flag and Capitol
Capitol of French Guiana: Cayenne
Image of Devils Island
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Maps Of French Guiana
Size Comparison: slightly smaller than Indiana
General Terrain: low-lying coastal plains rising to hills and small mountains
Climate: tropical; hot, humid; little seasonal temperature variation
Major cities: Kourou,Roura,Apatou,Matoury
Visit French Guiana
Take a look at Devil's Island.

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