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BTEC Unit 5: Injury in sports P6 M5 D2

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on 18 October 2013

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Transcript of BTEC Unit 5: Injury in sports P6 M5 D2

Hazards and risks associated with sports participation???
Unit 5 Injuries in Sport

3 types of hazard
People factors
Environmental factors
Equipment factors
Environmental Factors
Often uncontrollable
Important to make judgements on potential hazards prior to starting an activity - Use weather forecasts
Weather can cause sports fields to become dangerous to play on - Icy or waterlogged
Hot conditions - dehydration, heat exhaustion
Unsure of surroundings - walking in mountains
Extreme wet and cold - hypothermia
Personal factors
Inappropriate warm up or cool down
Physical fitness
Alcohol consumption
Skill level
Over training
Behaviour of other participants - Wreckless challenges
Chewing gum
Equipment Factors
‘A risk is the likelihood that a person may be harmed or suffers adverse health effects if exposed to a hazard’.

Many sports require special equipment
Inappropriate clothing
Lack of protective clothing or equipment
Playing surface
faulty/damaged equipment
In tables, discuss what a risk assessment is

3 mins...

Off you go
People factors?
Environmental factors?
Equipment factors?
Video - Risks and Hazards
Hazards and risks, what are they?
‘A Hazard is a potential source of harm or adverse health effect on a person or persons’.

Think - Pair - Share

Pick a sport to carry out a risk assessment on
Use example of table to do assignment

Risk Assessment
A risk assessment is a technique for identifying and controlling hazards associated with an organisation's activities.

Purpose of Risk Assessment
• Identify the level of risk posed in certain places/activities
• It must make sure any hazards are removed or minimised
• Make sure that the environment is safe for all users
Helpful Tips

Carry out and produce a risk assessment relevant to a selected sport
Explain how the risks can be minimised (contingency plans)
• The use of specialist equipment, tell us what it is and how it minimises these risks
• e.g. if weather conditions change, damaged equipment, differing skill levels of participants


Justify the use of specialist equipment to minimise the risk of injury
• Make a detailed report on how this specialist equipment reduces the risks
• e.g. Protective equipment such as gum shield or shin pads, padded posts or posts inserted directly into the ground rather than having a base at ground level

• Wet floor on a squash court
• Spillage of chemicals while cleaning the swimming pool

Write a paragraph
Identify what the risks are resulting in types of injury, and controls that could be put in to place
P4 - Describe 6 risks and hazards associated with sports participation (2 each from people, environment, equipment)
M3 - Explain the risks and hazards associated with sports participation
D1 - Give a detailed account of why participants are at risk of injury whilst taking part in sport
P4/M3 - see table above

D1 - Using all information from P4 and M3 to carry out D1

Rules, regulations and Legislation relating to Health, safety and Injury in Sport??
P5 - Describe 4 rules, regulations and legislation's relating to the health, safety and injury sports participation.
M4 - Explain the above (how each act has an impact on sport and why? give examples
1. Safety at Sports Grounds Act 1975
3. Children Act 1989
4. Health and Safety First Aid Regulations 1981
Injuries and Illnesses associated with sport
P1 - Describe 4 different types of injuries associated with sports participation and their underlying causes
P2 - Describe 2 types and signs of illness related to sports participation
M1 - Explain why certain injuries and illnesses are associated with sports participation
P1 - Table / Powerpoint (1 slide for each injury)
Type of Injury
Picture of injury
The sport in which the injury may happen
Intrinsic/Extrinsic Factor
P2 - Table / Powerpoint (1 slide for each illness)
Type of illness
Picture of illness
Signs and symptoms

M1 - All injuries and illnesses discussed in P1 and P2 are explained in more detail
What injury is
e.g. hamstring injury - what hamstring does
How injury can occur
Example relating to a sport

E.g. A hamstring strain is a common injury involving a tear in one or more of the muscles. The role of the hamstring muscles is to bend the knee and move the thigh backward at the hip (extend the hip). During sports if you have not warmed up correctly, you could have a sharp pain in the back of the leg during exercise, this normally happens during sprinting or in sudden, sharp movements. This happens often in sports with a sudden movement, such as: football, hockey and rugby. You could still pull your hamstring even if you are warmed up fully due to the impact on the body these sports have, as well as during long distance running and over training. A hamstring strain could cause swelling and bruising.
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