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THEO 303 (Sp '16) T10/11 - Reproductive Technologies

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Hartmut Scherer

on 16 February 2016

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Transcript of THEO 303 (Sp '16) T10/11 - Reproductive Technologies

Sources and Image Credit
Adapted resources for this presentation from the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops; accessed May 27, 2015; http://www.usccb.org/issues-and-action/human-life-and-dignity/reproductive-technology/
Reproductive Technologies
German woman aged 65 gives birth to quadruplets
Experts Troubled by Fertility Mix-Up Case
Embryo Mix-Up: Grieving a Baby Who Didn’t Die
Biblical teaching about marriage
- the
aspect of married love (Gen 1:28)
- the
aspect of married love (Gen 2:24)
Overview of Reproductive Technologies
Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
- man’s sperm is inferior or there is not enough of it
- placing sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate
- goal: to increase the chance of fertilization
- less expensive and invasive compared to IVF
Donor insemination (DI)
- insemination is performed using the sperm of a
donor, not the woman’s husband
- donor does not have any access to woman’s identity
Egg donation
- similar to DI but is more technically difficult
- semen and eggs are fertilized in a laboratory using
- 15%-20% of women will miscarry
Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)
- involves removing a woman’s eggs, mixing them
with sperm, and immediately placing them into a
fallopian tube
- fertilization process takes place inside the
fallopian tube
- leftover eggs may be used for IVF and viable
embryos saved for use in the future
In vitro fertilization (IVF)
- process of fertilization by manually combining
eggs and sperm in a laboratory dish and then
transferring four embryos to the uterus
Surrogate motherhood
- a surrogate mother is a woman who agrees to
carry someone else’s baby
- She becomes pregnant using IVF or some other
form of reproductive technology
- Genetic surrogacy: surrogate mother provides egg
and womb
- Gestational surrogacy: surrogate mother provides
the womb
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
- involves the direct injection of a single sperm
into an egg
- more expensive and more reliable way to achieve
- ICSI makes it easier for inferior sperm to reach
the egg
Think about the moral parameters for using reproductive technologies
- any technology that assists a couple in their
procreative aspect of marital love without leading
to designer babies
- any technology that does not add a “third party”
into the act of conception
(use questions "Living in a technological age")
- any technology that only leads to one fertilized
egg at a time
- consider the moral status of the unborn
- consider adoption
- trust in God’s sovereignty
Modern Methods of Fertility Treatment
- consider the ultimate outcome of using a
reproductive technology
Full transcript