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THE IMPRESSIONISM AND AVANT-GARDE MOVEMENTS

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Noelia Olea Arjona

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Transcript of THE IMPRESSIONISM AND AVANT-GARDE MOVEMENTS


THE IMPRESSIONISM AND AVANT-GARDE MOVEMENTS
INDEX
The beginning of new artistic movements
The Impressionism
The Impressionism is the visual sense of each person and it is a style of art in which you try to paint what is reflected at different times of the day. The technique and the composition of a painting is very personal to each artist.
In the late of 19th century, an artistic movement revolutionized the art world and gave start to Impressionism. The artist should paint what he sees. It showed mostly the landscapes and the outdoor scenes. They tried to capture the feelings, as the light and color of every moment. The photography was beginning to appear, the exact reproduction wasn't as important. It pretended to change the subjective vision of the artist.
Characteristics of Impressionism
The main european authors and their works
Éduard Manet-->El almuerzo campestre.
Camille Pissarro-->La cosecha.
Alfred Sisley--> Pradera.
Auguste Renoir-->El palco.
Edgar Degas-->Bailarinas.
Joaquin Soroya-->Paseo a orillas del mar.
Berthe Morisot-->En los trigales de Gennevilliers.
Mary Cassatt-->El palco del teatro.
The architecture was the classical form of the 19th century, what stands out is how to develop, _ engineering, technique and materials used was improved. Joseph Paxton was one of the best architect of his time.
Architecture
Paint
The Impressionist's painting appeared in Europe in the 19th century. The French were that led to this dramatic evolution and had breaks in the beginning. Monet and Renoir were the most highlighted by change more free and natural perspective. The Impressionists painting for himself.



Sculpture
The sculpture doesn't exist, because the paint was predominated. Some artists made sculptures, trying to imitate their pictures and there are little remains.


The Impressionism in Spain
Spain received the Impressionism later than other countries.
From the marriage of Napoléon III and the countess Eugenia de Montijo, the French artists were fascinated for the Spanish culture, who they were inspired in the works of major artists such as Velázquez, Murillo and Goya.

Carlos de Haes was one of the most important painters of the Impressionism in Spain.
Many spanish painters had to leave to study to Paris and Bruselas. Some of them were Adolfo Guiard, Darío Regoyos and Ramón Casas.
The objective of the Impressionists was getting a spontaneous and direct representation of the world.

-Adolfo Guiard used the variety of colors and the contrasts of the Impressionists. His compositions followed the perspectives of Degas.

-Darío Regoyos' pictures are totally landscapes but in some of them, appeared human figures.

-Ramón Casas painted with cold and grays colors.
The Post-impressionism
The Post-impressionism is a recovery of the importance of drawing and concern for capturing the light and the expressiveness of the things.
Some impressionism's painters were:

- Van Gogh : one of his pictures is “ Los comedores de patatas “ which he painted with dark colors.
This picture represents some people who eat the food that they cultivated.
" Los girasoles y La noche estrellada “ are others pictures of Van Gogh.

-Paul Cézanne : his pictures do that the people think and use the view. One of his pictures is “ La montaña de Santa Victoria “.

-Paul Gauguin : used a decorative techniques and transformed the nature into free colors.
His masterpiece is “ ¿De dónde venimos? ¿Quiénes somos? ¿A dónde vamos?"
Carlos de Haes
Adolfo Guiard
Darío Regoyos
Ramón Casas
Los comedores de patatas
La montaña de Santa Victoria
¿De dónde venimos? ¿Quiénes somos? ¿A dónde vamos?
Carlos de Haes
: http://www.google.es/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&docid=8yBCDinjJYG8TM&tbnid=7StYk9BqYBoEyM&ved=0CAcQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.foroxerbar.com%2Fviewtopic.php%3Ft%3D9767&ei=ZrlOU8HAN4eu0QWp0YDYBQ&psig=AFQjCNE_KJcMF_3jDopoAGskBx7pGClRBg&ust=1397754598987273
Adolfo Guiard
: http://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=8JDzMMifcwm5NM&tbnid=hhPAaz0QH31lFM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fpintura.aut.org%2FSearchAutor%3FAutNum%3D13920&ei=SbpOU7G5C4Wp0QXG7oHIBQ&bvm=bv.64764171,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNH8g65fG6X_VKWsVbPmQd_aXLahZQ&ust=1397754813897632
Darío Regoyos
: http://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=RmDjlYn5Jn0LcM&tbnid=Ux5OR3wcQ5cj0M:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ikasbil.net%2Fweb%2Fikasbil%2Fartikuloaren-fitxa%3Fp_p_id%3D56_INSTANCE_q8LS%26p_p_lifecycle%3D0%26p_p_state%3Dnormal%26p_p_mode%3Dview%26p_p_col_id%3Dcolumn-1%26p_p_col_count%3D1%26groupId%3D10138%26articleId%3D1482361&ei=s79OU_6lHajb0QXtiIGACA&bvm=bv.64764171,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNHSftvw8f0AoI6FtazlGrI32ByGtQ&ust=1397755942544134
Ramón Casas
: http://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=kcw-5PTp_FOmkM&tbnid=YyH69wnYPimvJM:&ved=&url=http%3A%2F%2Fes.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FRamon_Casas&ei=KcFOU5rkF-bZ0QW5sICQDA&bvm=bv.64764171,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNG_FOOPCtoAYYe-oKK9thG4u07L8g&ust=1397756585783520
https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=MjsTPYdJITqGdM&tbnid=Wlhk6vbL_O41lM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.arteespana.com%2Frodin.htm&ei=P0dRU5X9DYaH0AWsoICADA&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNGv7AXimLgjN2zdpHh9LQ3bT_sRpA&ust=1397921892739257
La cosecha
Pradera
En los trigales de Gennevilliers
El palco
Bailarinas
El palco del teatro
El almuerzo campestre
Paseo a orillas del mar
Los comedores de patatas
: https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=3xxWH-shoHLDUM&tbnid=1X6ZlKBATeOgSM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fde.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FThe_Class_Struggle_in_the_Ancient_Greek_World&ei=c1BRU_LjDM-z0QXg5YDgDw&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNHy4Rq52aKuiclRLv_QuVQq_6rb2g&ust=1397924337799006
La montaña de Santa Victoria
: https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=01tPeOGp3yyjpM&tbnid=y-qf4oyhae6wRM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fartsandfacts.blogspot.com%2F2013_08_01_archive.html&ei=71BRU4usHsqO0AXQ84DYCg&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNEPPGOwNP3HgQ1hzAu1cbfajINFkQ&ust=1397924436438741
¿De dónde venimos? ¿Quénes somos? ¿A dónde vamos?
: https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=hqm8rBM3-4rTuM&tbnid=7cQXlDC8OevyBM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.pinturayartistas.com%2Fdedondevenimos-quienessomos-adondevamos%2F&ei=NVJRU4XuH8rK0AXeqYHQDA&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNFyUZWdbpXZohs_Gqqt-FhV4PkCWw&ust=1397924787528731
La cosecha
: https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=-SivncpV1JNJcM&tbnid=31K56zckVoYGGM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fregusto.es%2F2011%2F10%2F08%2Fescasez-y-abundancia-de-alimentos-2%2F&ei=wVVRU_nZEqWq0QW44IHYCA&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNEhkIaN4xGMp7PyZ4V3U5dzNdkNwQ&ust=1397925695838496
Pradera
: https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=33E6U6ZD4oeg5M&tbnid=2ApNIHXLFHz1nM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.impressionism.ru%2Fsisley_g_1867.html&ei=8ltRU5PzMKrI0QWrjIHIAw&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNHB1v1i1tXcPoJd_1Le8P9U2fUH4g&ust=1397927280861251
En los trigales de Gennevilliers
: https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=V9Qkapqacvya2M&tbnid=2VS9XI5ibLOH2M:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.zeno.org%2FKunstwerke%2FB%2FMorisot%2C%2BBerthe%253A%2BKornfeld&ei=p1ZRU-uDHOWM0AWlxoHICA&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNHYTQfhyACqfYvrlU8ZKzqQjpWNUQ&ust=1397925915290677
El palco del teatro
: https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=Ls3xf9eVO_sy3M&tbnid=M-rTyCPaXfSfDM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fimpressionistsgallery.co.uk%2Fartists%2FArtists%2Fabc%2Fcassatt%2F1.html&ei=MFdRU4GLA4Gc0AWhhIDQCg&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNGJNm3lZ_ZRYXuBorrIGgVOg_kKvQ&ust=1397926062383513
Bailarinas
: https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=m2MYN20bgb5u8M&tbnid=oSpURwWrC4T6QM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fmi-guerrero.blogspot.com%2F2014%2F02%2Farte-degas.html&ei=n1dRU4zZMszK0AXvnoHIBg&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNEoCfQ4Gtkb7jygvtPmD1ddHDcS0A&ust=1397926169018203
El palco
: https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=lf8Du4tvM4wvpM&tbnid=MsgntMXrU7WCIM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fart-kingdom.com%2Fbrowse_by_artmovements2.php%3FTid%3D12%26sort%3D2%26page%3D208%26app%3D40&ei=OlhRU6u3LcGW0AXm1IAo&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNFLHQgBf8a921naHCzWyrPZfucELA&ust=1397926301438160
El almuerzo campestre
: https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=IyRo2s2LuDY_QM&tbnid=3XabXe6kBDittM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Floomings-jay.blogspot.com%2F2011%2F06%2Faby-warburg.html&ei=BFlRU92WLOec0QWqxYGQCw&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNFhwhqAo-M9k61CHP6O5di4wouWLA&ust=1397926512505479
Paseo a orillas del mar
: https://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=ViQXFPOGDRK-pM&tbnid=eaSjuqO2WKggAM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fvariosestilospictoricos.blogspot.com%2F2014%2F01%2Fpaseo-orilla-del-mar-joaquin-sorolla_22.html&ei=FF1RU-jjEqOy0QX3loCACg&bvm=bv.65058239,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNEiXhhD_cncLtDwy0Ox37hCVXDu2A&ust=1397927571711572
·The beginning of new artistic movements.
·The Impressionism.
·The Impressionism in Spain.
·Impressionist artists before the XIX century.
·The Post-impressionism and the new vanguards.
This artistic movements arose from the reaction of the young painters against the art at the time.
They choose painting outdoors and of the topics of daily life,and were focused on the effects who produce the natural light on the objects.They were looking for highlight the nature of being or the character.

Giorgione
:

http://www.artcyclopedia.org/art/giorgione-man.jpg
Tiziano
:

http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/upload/img/Titian-c-face-half.jpg
Guardi
:

http://img293.imageshack.us/img293/6105/francescoguardi.jpg
Velázquez
:

http://www.cult.gva.es/mbav/data/0572.jpg
Guardi
Velázquez
Tiziano
Giorgione
We have searched the information in :
By:
Javier Pérez Jiménez
Alba Vertedor Ballesteros
Óscar Olea Romero
Noelia Olea Arjona

The text book
The Wikipedia
http://www.arteespana.com/impresionismo.htm
http://www.arteespana.com/impresionismoespana.htm
http://www.artehistoria.jcyl.es/v2/contextos/5141.htm
New vanguards along the 19th century
Impressionists artists before the 19th century
Impressionism
: Impressionist painting characteristics include open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities, ordinary subject matter, and unusual visual angles. Some artists of this movement are Claude Monet and Degas.
Expressionism
: consists in express an intense emotion, distorting the shape and color. Some artists of this movement are Kandinsky and Franz Marc.
Fauvism
: consists in the use of intensively colorful. Some artists of this movement are Henri Matisse and Derain.
Cubism
: consists in reduce into cubes the figure, the object and the landscape. Some artists of this movement are Pablo Ruiz Picasso and Georges Braque.

These impressionists painters of before of 19th century we were found not between the classics and academics, but also between the realists.
Unlike true impressionists of the 19th century, haven't yet given up the linear perspective, the black shades and the somber tones.
Was Venecia, the heart of the color, highlighting Giorgione, Tiziano and Guardi giving more importance to color over the form.
In Spain Velazquez wanted to capture the real and suggest the life.

Surrealism

: paints the reflections of the subconscious. Some artists of this movement are Salvador Dalí and Max Ernst.
http://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=K_c9GpYsGAqZyM&tbnid=trVoKnaMyDlhKM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fnopuedonodebo.wordpress.com%2F2012%2F02%2F20%2Fel-arte-barroco-espanol%2F&ei=wehbU9_xLaOO0AX09YH4DA&bvm=bv.65397613,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNFSgIAswzTwmXVXWihsFdhkh8vIJQ&ust=1398618634894814
La villa medicis
Claude Monet. Impression, soleil levant
Kandinsky. Primera acuarela abstracta
Henri Matisse. La danza
Pablo Picasso. Guernica
Salvador Dalí. El rostro de Mae West
Impression, soleil levant
: http://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=itxaOoCz7pO_xM&tbnid=UwlBt19cgdrNOM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ebay.it%2Fitm%2FCLAUDE-MONET-Impression-Soleil-Levant-SUNRISE-sea-SUPERIOR-edition-GOUTTELETTE-%2F190706854621&ei=jPBbU4OMLMK00wXixIHgDg&bvm=bv.65397613,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNHmTexgw6etcWzUV2xQ0JTbxS3aIA&ust=1398620666865164
Primera acuarela abstracta
: http://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=eM82XdNoIZi9YM&tbnid=vMlcVQ9qqQpH_M:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fartepedrodacruz.wordpress.com%2F2010%2F08%2F27%2Fla-primera-acuarela-de-kandinsky-centenario-de-una-abstraccion%2F&ei=fvlbU4egEOKv0QXyjoDADg&bvm=bv.65397613,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNFrjwDN_BsTIekulO_kOKeTDCX9eg&ust=1398622944186554
La danza
: http://www.google.es/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=JiRpSYOltAt5wM&tbnid=S2bSCR3Fy2tOwM&ved=0CAcQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fmimagicoarte.blogspot.com%2F2009%2F03%2Fla-danza-henry-matisse.html&ei=EfpbU5nxHMjRtQaNnIGoBA&psig=AFQjCNHoJ_C8n1o8pYTlB_PWevRmYxmzBA&ust=1398623121558012
Guernica
: http://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=yORInjtHFhysIM&tbnid=s_SEleoPiZtV9M:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.museoreinasofia.es%2Fcoleccion%2Fobra%2Fguernica&ei=wPpbU7u6JoeW0QWKkoHoBQ&bvm=bv.65397613,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNHauvlRhfvRswAmfAWo9CCttpjqWw&ust=1398623211561975
El rostro de Mae West
: http://www.google.es/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&docid=xqpJJlXsoHB7EM&tbnid=RoOumiPJd7C9YM:&ved=0CAQQjB0&url=http%3A%2F%2Fweb.educastur.princast.es%2Fproyectos%2Fjimena%2Fpj_leontinaai%2Farte%2Fwebimarte2%2FWEBIMAG%2FSXX%2FPINTURA%2Fdali.htm&ei=1fxbU-jcOsbt0gXJr4CYCw&bvm=bv.65397613,d.d2k&psig=AFQjCNFj8ZSoCixr8S8exIcq6D-1i_I7nw&ust=1398623801507012
https://www.google.es/search?q=the+crystal+palace&es_sm=91&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=gC9dU8_vC4Sg0QXs5oGYCg&ved=0CAgQ_AUoAQ&biw=1828&bih=851#facrc=_&imgdii=_&imgrc=6Jy6WoTrH6DIjM%253A%3B-LF8GG2AVq--hM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fi.telegraph.co.uk%252Fmultimedia%252Farchive%252F02691%252FCrystal-PAlace_2691194c.jpg%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.telegraph.co.uk%252Fculture%252Fart%252Farchitecture%252F10353277%252FCrystal-Palace-exhibition-hall-to-rise-again.html%3B460%3B287
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