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Panic Disorder

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Erika Velazquez

on 13 May 2014

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Transcript of Panic Disorder

Panic Disorder
Erika Velazquez

Many with panic disorder are discouraged and feel ashamed because he or she can't carry out normal routines like going to the store, driving, school, or work. Panic attacks can occur at any time and many people with panic disorder worry about the possibility of having another attack. Panic attacks are described by fear of a disaster or losing control even when there is no real danger.

Panic disorder affects about 2.4 million adult Americans. It most often begins during late adolescence and early adulthood. It is twice as common in women as in men.
Theories
Biological Theory
is based on the idea that the brain has a natural alarm system that somehow malfunctions because of genetic or environmental circumstances, causing panic.

Behavioral Theory
focuses on the nature of panic attack as an irrational response to a nonthreatening stimulus.

These theories that hold once the cause is identified and analyzed rationally, the person can learn to respond normally to the situation or trigger what causes panic.
Symptoms
Difficulty breathing
Pounding heart or chest pain
Intense feeling of dread
Dizziness
Trembling or shaking
Sweating
Nausea or stomachache
Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
Chills or hot flashes
A fear that you are losing control or are about to die
Definition
A
Panic disorder
is an anxiety disorder that is characterized by extreme and frequent panic attacks. It's a serious condition that strikes without reason or warning, they are sudden attacks of fear and nervousness.

A person suffering from panic disorder may experience these attacks unexpectedly and for no apparent reason, but they can also be set by some sort of triggering event or situation.
Panic attacks often last about 10 minutes
Biological and Behavioral
Cause
Family history
. Panic disorder has been shown to run in families.

A
bnormalities in the brain
. Panic disorder may be caused by problems in parts of the brain.

Substance abuse
. Abuse of drugs and alcohol can contribute to panic disorder.

Major life stress
. Stressful events and major life transitions.
The exact cause of panic disorder is not fully understood. Studies have shown that a combination of factors causes panic disorder.
Treatment
The main aim treatment is to reduce the number of panic attacks.
Treatment can bring significant relief to 70 percent to 90 percent of people with panic disorder and early treatment can help keep the disease from progressing to the later stages where agoraphobia develops.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy:
cognitive behavioral therapy is the most effective, they meet with a therapist for one to three hours a week. In the cognitive portion of the therapy, the therapist usually conducts a careful search for the thoughts and feelings that accompany the panic attacks.

Medications:
Antidepressants, anti anxiety, anti psychotic and stimulant medications are all prescribed for anxiety disorder
http://psychcentral.com/lib/treatment-of-panic-disorder/000291

http://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/guide/mental-health-panic-disorder

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/panic-attacks/basics/definition/con-20020825

http://psychiatry.stanford.edu/research/panic.html
Questions
1. How would you feel if you were going through a panic attack?

2. What steps in your opinion should a person with panic disorder take to treat their disorder?
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