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Parts of Speech

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by

Gerardo Molina

on 28 May 2012

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Transcript of Parts of Speech

The function of the
words in the sentence.
PARTS OF SPEECH
It's an analysis of
individual words
Noun
A word that names a person,
object, animal, place, feeling, etc.
Noun
Verb
Adjective
Adverb
Preposition
Pronoun
Article
Conjunction
Concrete vs. Abstract
Count vs. Non count
Feminine, Masculine, Common, and Neuter
Proper vs. Common
Collective Nouns
James
Australia
Juventus
chair
woman
dream
chair
woman
map
Dream
Heat
Sadness
boxes
children
dreams
Oxygen
Money
Rice
girl
vixen
waitress
aunt
boy
fox
waiter
uncle
student
cousin
doctor
umbrella
car
dream
money
Family
Team
Class
Pronoun
Subject
Object
Possessive
Reflexive
Relative
Demonstrative
I
You
He /She / It
We
They
Me
You
Him / Her / It
Us
Them
Mine
Yours
His / Hers / Its
Ours
Theirs
Myself
Yourself
Himself
Herself
Itself
Ourselves
Yourselves
Themselves
who
that
which
whom
This
That
These
Those
Articles
Definite = the
Indefinite = a / an
Prepositions
They are words that introduce phrases
Common Prepositions
on
in
at
for
between
over
under
after
before
behind
Dictionary Entry
VERBS
They express action
and express state
Action Verbs
It's something that a person, animal,
force of nature, or thing can do.
During the summer, my dog
constantly pants and drools
Transitivity and Linking
The woodpecker made a big hole in the pear tree.
After that, the woodpecker flew to its nest.
The woodpecker is a noisy animal.
Verb Tenses
Three Times:
Past
Present
Future
Four Tenses:
Simple
Continuous
Perfect
Perfect Continuous
Adjectives
An adjective is a word
that modifies a noun.
They usually go before nouns:
That red car is Mike's.

If an adjective is used with an indefinite pronoun, they are used after:
Anyone capable of doing something horrible to someone nice should be punished.
Degree of Adjectives
Positive: Rich
Comparative: Richer
Superlative: Richest
Order of Adjectives
Determiner
Opinion
Size
Shape
Age
Color
Origin
Material
Qualifier
Proper Adjectives
Industrial Revolution
Ming Dynasty
Christian music
The rich of Connecticut are responsible.
The young at heart are happy and healthy people.
Collective Adjectives
Adverbs
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives,
and other adverbs
Modifying Verbs: How?
My grandma walks slowly
They work hard
Sam sings well
Adverbs of Degree
Modifying Adjectives and Adverbs
The house is big enough.
That bed is very comfortable.
The room is too crowded.
She swims very fast.
They work really carefully.
I'm doing very fine.
CONJUNCTIONS
Coordinating Conjunctions
and
but
yet
so
for
or
nor
Subordinating Conjunctions
because
since

if
whether
unless

although
even though
though
after
before
when
while

so that

wherever
Correlative Conjunctions
not only... but also...
both...and...
either...or...
neither...nor...
Prefix
Suffix
A suffix is placed at
the end of the word
It changes the part of
speech of the word.
A prefix is placed at
the beginning of the word.
It alters the meaning
of the word.
Common Prefixes:
un_
dis_
non_
pre_
re_
Inflections: plural, _ing, participles,
comparative, superlative, etc.
Derivational
_sion
_er
_ness
_al
_able
_ful
_ly
_ize
_ate
Indefinite
Something
Everybody
Anyone
Nothing
Adverbs of Frequency
Always
Usually
Often
Sometimes
Seldom
Rarely
Never
Adverbs of Place and Time
Here
There
Somewhere
Yesterday
Today
Tomorrow
Soon
Later
Now
That's It!
Full transcript