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Chapter One The Gift of Being Human
Transcript of Chapter One The Gift of Being Human
Our Spiritual Nature
Humans are Made in the Divine Image
The Gift of Being Human
Humans are Wounded by Sin
1. Everyone doesn’t have to like us.
2. It’s okay to make mistakes.
3. Other people are okay; so are you.
4. You don’t have to control everything.
5. We are responsible for how we feel and what we do.
6. It is important to try.
7. We are capable and can change. The same is true of others.
8. We can be flexible.
Jack Canfield's 8 things to remember to help us be true to ourselves:
Capacity to grow
Original Sin = The consequences of the sin of our first parents; the hereditary stain with which human beings are born because of our origins or descent from Adam and Eve
You Make Yourself What You Are
Christian beliefs about creation
Ability to think
There is with in you your ideal self, the person you’d like to be. You have the potential and the power to become the person you’d like to become
It is not so much what you do, but what kind of person you are that counts
You want to be popular, respected, & accepted for who you are and what you are
To become the kind of person you want to be, BE that kind of person each moment
2 sources of knowledge
Choosing to be human involves:
To judge whether an action is moral or immoral is also to judge whether the action enables you to be the type of individual you ought to be and are capable of being
If an act contributes to your growth it is moral, if it interferes with your growth it is immoral
Nihilistic = A philosophy that denies there’s any meaning in existence or in religious beliefs. The only thing that matters after life is nothingness, annihilation
Philosophies of Life
• God freely created humans out of love. God is the Creator; we are not. We are God’s creatures.
• God makes us in the divine image
• God created us as complementary beings, male and female:
• The nature and purpose of marriage comes from God – not from civil law or the Church.
* Good is that which furthers my interests
Dignity is the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect. Every human person has worth and value because each person is made in God’s image.
a. God made us social beings.
The Social Nature of Humans
Inherent = inborn or inherited, something that does not need to be earned or acquired
What separates humans from other earthly creatures is our:
= “The power rooted in reason and will [that enables a person], to perform deliberate actions on one’s own responsibility. “
Ability to love
Principle of Subsidiarity = The principle of Catholic social teaching that holds that a higher unit of society should not do what a lower unit can do as well (or better)
Common good = “Sum total of social conditions that allows people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily.”
Solidarity = The Christian virtue of social charity and friendship
Theory of Moral Development
Kohlberg suggested a theory of moral development/reasoning which holds that moral reasoning develops through a series of 6 stages:
• Good and bad are seen in terms of earning rewards and avoiding punishment
2. Me First
• Decisions are made on the basis of what feels good or bad
3. Pleasing Others
• What is right is what pleases others; what is wrong is what displeases them
4. It’s Your Duty
• Duty and law determine what is right
5. What Society Stands For
• Commonly accepted standards determine right and wrong
• Based on the spirit of the law
6. It’s the Principle of the Thing
• A person’s understanding of what is right or wrong is based on universal ethical Principles (Christian, the golden rule)
Paschal Mystery = God’s love and salvation revealed through the life, passion, death, resurrection, and glorification (ascension) of Jesus Christ. The sacraments, especially the Eucharist, celebrate this great mystery of God’s love
6 Steps of Living a Moral Life
i. Be who you are
ii. Respect everyone
iii. Develop and share your gifts
iv. Love God
v. Love ourselves
vi. Love each other
= The name given to the group of ethical systems that hold, with various modifications, that feelings of pleasure or happiness are the highest and final aim of conduct; that, consequently those actions which increase the sum of pleasure are thereby constituted right, and, conversely, what increases pain is wrong.
= In its more general signification communism refers to any social system in which all property, or at least all productive property, is owned by the group, or community, instead of by individuals.
= the philosophical and cultural movement which holds that the starting point of philosophical thinking must be the experiences of the individual, and that moral and scientific thinking together do not suffice to understand human existence, so a further set of categories, governed by "authenticity", is necessary to understand human existence.
= Secular Humanism believes we "function as a civilized society with the exclusion of God and His moral principles."
i. Natural law
ii. Divine revelation
i. Choosing to use your God-given talents/qualities to be what you are called to be
ii. Adapt an ideal or standard of humanness against which to measure yourself as a moral person
• We are magnificent creatures, the summit of God’s creative activity. God has put humans in charge of the rest of creation, commanding us to lovingly care for and use it for human betterment.
o We are made out of love, for love, and to love.
o We are spiritual beings who possess incomparable dignity, value, and worth.
o Humans are unique because God made us in the divine image, enabling us to share in God’s own life.
o Complementary – “making up what is lacking in the other.”
• Creation is Good
o Humans are sexual beings and God declares what he made, including his sexual nature, is very good. We have bodies and souls.
o God made us equal in dignity
* Everything ends in death
* There is no right and wrong
* Life has no meaning
* “We’re just Toast”
* “If it feels good… do it”
* Karl Marx -> the rights of the individual are subordinate to the states rights
* Personal value is judged by the group
* Life has meaning in God
* “I am a valuable child of God”
* “Love one another”
* Separate individualistic
* Frenchman Jean-Paul Sartre -> we are all alone
* No divine intervention
* Human is important
* NO GOD
Life has no meaning unless we give it meaning. No moral absolute exists. No one can judge or condemn the choices or actions of others.
* Meditative to over come the illusion about yourself and the world and thus discover ultimate reality
* Open to the world and those around you
• Atheist = do not believe in a god
• Deist = believe there was a God but is now gone, dead, or not involved with humans
•Agnostic = a name for any theory which denies that it is possible for man to acquire knowledge of God. It may assume either a religious or an anti-religious form
c. Societies are groups that are bound by a principle of unity that goes beyond each individual in these communities (e.g. families, neighborhoods, schools)
b. It is part of our human nature to live in various societies.
* Pleasure is their god
The reasoned participation of humans in God's eternal law that reveals what God intends us to do and to avoid according to his wise and loving plan.