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Bullying

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by

Matt Kelsey

on 4 May 2010

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Transcript of Bullying

Effects of
Bullying On Victims Fear of school
(Donovan, 2005) 160,000 students skip daily
(Donovan, 2005) Lower self-perceived
academic competence
(Ma, et. al) Difficulties regulating attention
and concentrating on tasks
(Ma, et. al) On Victims Into
Later
Life... Victims don't grow
out of that role
(Limber & Nation, 1998) Psychotic symptoms
in early adolescence
(Shreier, et al., 2009) From low levels of
social adjustment... To high levels of
psychological distress
(Donovan, 2005) Spectrum of
Long Term Effects On Bullies Cycle of Bullying
(Hugh-Jones & Smith, 1999) Difficulty making friends;
Less satisfying friendships Bullying Withdrawal and Ostracism Elementary bullies attend
school less frequently,
more likely to drop out
(Limber & Nation, 1998) Receive the least social support
from teachers and peers
(Flaspohler, et. al, 2009) Adolescent bullies more likely to be involved in substance abuse, serious violent behaviors
(Ma, et al.) “A strong correlation appears to exist between childhood aggression toward peers and legal or criminal troubles as an adolescent and adult.” (Donovan, 2005) What to do? Middle schoolers suited to deal with bullying (Beers, 1999) “We are not only responsible for what we do, but also for what we do not do.”
— Molière The best way to it is to prevent it from ever happening Foster a climate of cooperation and caring Proactively address the topic Be vigilant and encourage bystanders to act Reinforcing acts of kindness and communicating values of tolerance, respect, and responsibility. Model a caring attitude by relating in a warm, sympathetic way with your students without talking down to them. Avoid sarcasm or put-downs of any kind. Consider using cooperative learning projects Promote empathy, an important element in preventing bullying. Engage students in an age-appropriate discussion to help them understand how bullying can be hurtful. Role-Play social situations with your students. Let students assume the role of bully, victim and bystander. Present classroom lessons that have a bullying theme Telling an adult about bullying is vastly different from tattling on a student. Keep teller names’ anonymous. Closely supervise areas where bullying is likely. Inform other school staff about potential bullying situations. Cyberbullying What is it? Where can it occur? What does it look like? What can teachers do? Speech that... Defamatory Discloses personal information Contains offensive/vulgar/ derogatory comments Any electronic medium: Websites Blogs Social Networking Sites Youtube Cell Phones Internet Chat Rooms (Kowalski, 2008; Shariff, 2008) (Shariff, 2008) What if it happens? Text messaging derogatory insults "Flaming" Threatening e-mails Forwarding a confidential email to peers Websites devoted to a single student School Accountability "A good offense is the best defense." Define and assess cyber bullying Develop clear rules and policies Encourage the reporting of cyber bullying Work with parents Teach students “netiquette” (Kowalski, 2008) Notify parents of all involved children School response should respond to different degrees of bullying behavior Provide suggestions for removing offensive material Warn parents of children who have been threatened Contact police Work with school community Internet Use Policy Private vs. Public Schools Legal Considerations:
"in loco parentis" Website polls Once
Upon
a
Time... Causes of Bullying Background Bully Profile Peer Influence Sexual Harassment Family Environment Victim Risk Factors What does a bully look like? Reactive Bully Proactive Bully Elitist Bully Percentage of Total Bullying Behavior Types of bullying:
Physical
Verbal
Relational Recent national survey of grades 6-10:
13% reported bullying others
11% reported being targets
6% reported as bully-victims

Bullying rates rise significantly from 5th to 6th grade.
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