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Module 4, World History Online
Transcript of Module 4, World History Online
The Legacy of the Renaissance, Reformation, and European Exploration
Venice was the first Italian City-State. It is located on an archipelago, in the Mediterranean sea. It is in a prime location for trade between Asia and Europe. It was one major stop between the Crusade lands(Jerusalem) and Europe. When men returned home from battle, they brought with them knowledge from the Islamic lands, into Europe, and thus the beginning of the European Renaissance.
Basilica San Marco
The Renaissance began in this city, (over Venice due to its higher power). The painters, sculptures, architects, and writers who lived here included some of the worlds greatest artist. The teachings of ancient Greece and Rome, helped influence the many artists of the Renaissance. Many art techniques were created during this time, Including perspective, and Chiaroscuro(contrast of light and shade).
In the 1500s, in whats known as the high Renaissance, Rome replaced Florence as Italy's cultural center. Michelangelo was a leading artist of the high Renaissance. He was a skilled painter, sculptor, and architect. One of his major pieces is the dome of the Sistine Chapel, and also the painting inside of it.
The reign of Henry II, from 1547-1559 marked the beginning of International fighting caused by the Protestant Reformation. The religious struggle went on until 1594, when Henry of Navarre brought peace to France by becoming a Roman Catholic. He became Henry IV, and published the Edict of Nantes in 1598, which gave full religious freedom to Protestants.
Notre Dame Cathedral
During the late 1500s, Goldsmiths began banking, as they furnished money for expanding commerce. Merchants developed the harbor and sent trading ships into the Baltic and Mediterranean seas. In the 1600s, the merchants formed trading companies. Groups such as the East India Company, the Virginia Company, and the Hudson's bay Company, to explore and develop new lands across the sea.
Tower of London
St. Paul's Cathedral
By Leesha Marlett
Mod. 4 Assessment