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# Transverse and Longitudinal Waves: What's the Difference?

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## Josh Halterman

on 12 March 2014

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#### Transcript of Transverse and Longitudinal Waves: What's the Difference?

Transverse and Longitudinal Waves:
[
What's the Difference?
]
A wave is a periodic disturbance in a solid, liquid, or gas as energy is transmitted through a medium.
There are two types of waves: Transverse waves and Longitudinal waves.
In this Prezi, I will explain both of them and how they are different from each other.
First off: What's a wave?
A longitudinal wave is one in which the particles of the medium vibrate parallel to the direction of wave motion.
A longitudinal wave has compressions and rarefactions.
Compressions are when the wave is compressed and rarefactions are when the wave is spread apart.
Here let me explain...
Longitudinal Wave
A transverse wave is a wave in which the particles of the medium move perpendicularly to the direction the wave is traveling.
A transverse wave also has two main parts: crests and troughs. The crests are the highest point of the wave. The troughs are the lowest parts of the wave.
Here, let me explain:
Transverse Wave
Transverse Wave
Longitudinal Wave
Here are some examples of transverse waves...
Examples:
...and the particles move perpendicularly to the direction of the wave.
A transverse wave has crests and troughs,...
Ocean waves
Seismic Waves
(earthquakes)
Thanks For Watching!
As you can see, there are many differences and similarities between transverse waves and longitudinal waves.
Transverse
Waves
Longitudinal
Waves
Same
Have crests
Have troughs
Particles move perpendicularly to the wave's motion
Have compressions
Have rarefactions
Particles move in the same direction as the wave.
Both are waves
Both are a part of our everyday lives.
and so are the particles
Sound Waves
Some Seismic Waves (Earthquakes waves)
Full transcript