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Erik Erikson: Theory of Psychosocial Development
Transcript of Erik Erikson: Theory of Psychosocial Development
Theory of Psychosocial Development Work Cited Infants Toddlers Preschool Schoolchild Adolescent Young Adult Mid-Adult Late Adult Trust vs. Mistrust Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt Initiative vs. Guilt Industry vs. Inferiority Identity vs. Role Confusion Intimacy vs. Isolation Generativity vs. Stagnation Integrity vs. Despair (oral)
Birth to 18 months
Child develops a beliefs towards if the environment can satisfy his/her needs
Issue: Feeding, Teething, and Sleeping (anal)
18 months to 3 years
Child learns how to control some actions and take shame or regret in mistakes
Issue: Bodily Functions, Toilet Training and Walking Eight Stages of Man (phallic)
3 to 5 years
Child learns to take action and explore
Issue: Exploration and Adventure (latency)
6 to 12 years
Child learns how to complete tasks correctly above average
Issue: Achievement and Accomplishment (puberty and genitality)
12 to 18 years
Child develops sense of self identity including social and personal
Issue: Maturing and becoming a grown-up (genitality)
18 to 35 years
Child develops ability to give and recieve love
Issue: Intimate Relationships, Work/Social Lifes (n/a)
35 to 55 years
Child develops interest in guiding new generation
Issue: Giving Back, Helping, Contributing (n/a)
55 to death
Child develops sense of acceptance of life
Issue: Meaning and Purpose, Life Achievements Theoretical Critque Major critisism on how Erikson focused on men began to surface. Bingham and Stryker supported the theory but felt it should be pushed farther. By this they created there 5 socioemotional development stages for women. This is seen to be a parallel to Erickson's theory on Psychosocial Development. On A Personal Note . . . I have completed four of the eight stages and am currently in the fifth. My life started out in the first stage, where I was completely dependent on my mother. Trust was prevalent therefore I can easily say my stage one was a success. During my toddler years of stage I became potty trained and discovered that macaroni n cheese was my all time favorite food. During stage three of my life, I would often play house, making myself the mommy and often Michael Jordan was my husband. The fourth stage of my life, I began recognizing talents I had in sports as well as in academics. The fifth and current stage of my life is by far the most difficult. I am still figuring out where I fit in society although I have a well-rounded idea. I have developed a sense of self and exercise any independent roles that are given to me. http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/erikson.html http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/erikson.htm http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9256525 Bingham, M., & Stryker, S. (1995). Things will be different for my daughter: A practical guide to building her self-esteem and self-reliance. New York: Penguin Books Definition of Theory: Our personality traits come in opposites. Sometimes we may think of ourselves as optimistic or pessimistic, independent or dependent, emotional or unemotional, adventurous or cautious, leader or follower, aggressive or passive. Many of these are inborn temperament traits, but other characteristics, such as feeling either competent or inferior, appear to be learned, based on the challenges and support we receive in growing up. . . . -- Psychosocial Development