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AP Biology Summer Assignment 2013

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Brittany Vargovich

on 11 July 2013

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Transcript of AP Biology Summer Assignment 2013

AP Biology Summer Assignment 2013
Modified Root Of a Plant
Definition: When a root has a special function for the plant
Definition: an organism that lives on or in an organism of another species, known as the host, from the body of which it obtains nutriment.
Cuticle Layer of a Plant
Long Day Plant
Conifer Leaf
Flower Ovary
Adaption of a Plant
Animal that has a segmented Body
C 4 Plant
Fruit- Dry with Seed
Fruit-Fleshy with Seed
Pinecone- Female
Deciduous Leaf
Stem- Woody
Stem- Herbaceous
Thorn of a Plant
By Brittany Vargovich
Definition: When a plant makes a change in order to survive in an environment or condition it wouldn't normally strive in
This photograph shows that the plants have adapted to a more restricted environment. Plants need lots of fresh soil and sunlight; and growing in the dark in cement under a trashcan shows that they have adapted.
Definition:An animal with a segmented body allows for more mobility. "Segmentation is the subdivision of an animal’s body along its length into a series of repeated parts"
This picture here is a photograph of an ant, which is an organism with a segmented body.
Definition: Any of numerous invertebrate animals of the phylum Arthopoda, characterized by an exoskeleton made of chitin and a segmented body with pairs of jointed appendages.
This here is a picture of a sand crab on the beach. A sand crab is an invertebrate animal and has a exoskeleton made of chitin, categorizing it as an arthropod.
Definition: any organism capable of self-nourishment by using inorganic materials as a source of nutrients and using photosynthesis or chemosynthesis as a source of energy
This here is a plant that uses photo-
synthesis to obtain its own energy.
Categorizing it as an autotroph.
Definition: A plant in which the CO2 is first fixed into a compound containing four carbon atoms before entering the Calvin cycle of photosynthesis.
A cactus is a type of C 4 Plant
Definition: a leaf from a tree that produces naked seeds in cones
This is an evergreen tree, which has conifer leaves
Definition: a non-cellular protective layer that protects the epidermis of the green parts of leaves
On this fern there is a cuticle layer protecting it
A deciduous leaf is a leaf from a tree that loses its leaves depending on the season.
During the fall all of the leaves fall of this tree, showing that this is a deciduous tree. And this is a leaf from that tree.
Definition: any marine animal of the invertebrate phylum Echinodermata, having a radiating arrangement of parts and a body wall stiffened by calcareous pieces
This a sand dollar, which is an example of an echinoderm
Definition: A cold-blooded animal
A lizard is cold-blooded, which means that its body temperature that is dependent on the environment around it. Henceforth, it is an ectotherm.
Definition: an organism that generates its own heat to maintain body temperature
A cat is a type of organism that generates its own body heat, making it an endotherm
Definition: the female reproductive system of a flower
On the inside of this flower is the ovary
Definition: a fruit with its reproductive organ, or seeds, on the outside
As you can see, the strawberry has its seeds on the outside
Definition: A fruit that has its reproductive seeds on the inside
As you can see, the tomato has its seeds on the inside
Definition: an organism that usually has 3 pairs of legs and 2 wings
A ladybug has 3 pairs of legs and 2 wings, making it in insect
Definition: an organism that is formed by the symbiotic association of a fungus and an alga or cyanobacterium and occurs as crusty patches or bushy growths on tree trunks, bare ground, etc.
There is lichen living on this tree
Definition: A plant that flowers only after being exposed to light periods longer than a certain critical length, as in summer.
Lettuce is a type of long day plant
While a carrot is still in the ground, it has a modified root because the roots store food used for the growth of the carrot.
Kudzu is a parasite to the tree because it takes the nourishment of the tree and prevents the tree from getting necessary sunlight.
The female pine cone holds the seeds that can be used to grow more trees when fertilized. Female pine cones are much larger in comparison with the male part.
Over the left is a photograph of a female pine cone.
Inside of this flower is pollen
Definition: the fertilizing element of flowering plants, consisting of fine, powdery, yellowish grains or spores, sometimes in masses.
Definition: organisms that distribute the pollen to the stigma of a flower
A butterfly moves pollen from one flower to another
Definition: the stalk that supports a leaf, flower, or fruit but is the texture of ordinary foliage leaf
As you can see, the stem on the left is the same texture as its leaves
Definition: the stalk that supports a leaf, flower, or fruit and is made of wood
This rose bush has a woody stem
Definition: A modified plant organ, especially a stem, that is stiffened and terminates in a sharp point. Can be used to protect the plant
This bush has thorns on its woody stem to help protect it
From this assignment I have learned several things. As I go about my daily life, I have never really paid attention to the little things. The little things being that there is more than just a beautiful flower; there are many parts to the flower and more things going on inside of it that I can't even see. In order for that flower to survive it also relies on other organisms to spread its pollen. Each plant or organism is associated with many other of its kind. It has more than one name; yes it may be called grass, but it has a more scientific name that elaborates more on what it does.

-I have found all of these items in my collection in my house or in my yard and neighborhood. (Excluding the butterfly, I did not have any in my area and I'm not too found of getting close to bees).
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