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Transcript of Zimbabwe
By: Justin G., Daniel C., Nick G., Madison H., & Dyllon H.
Zimbabwe has a long history of kingdoms ruled by dominant tribes. The most dominant tribe was called the Shona and they spoke the language Shona. Their population was around 9 million Africans.
Life Before Colonization:
Zimbabwe, formerly known as Southern Rhodesia, was colonized by the British following Cecil John Rhodes and his South African Company in 1889. European hunters, traders and missionaries explored the region from the south from the 1830s to the 1890s. Cecil John Rhodes came Zimbabwe at the age of eighteen to export diamonds and gold.
“The distinct class segregation of Rhodesian society emerged from the collision of colonial imperialist political, legal, social, economic and religious structures and traditional norms, values and institutions (Stockton Post)."
Who Colonized Zimbabwe?
The effects of colonialism:
Major discontent in Zimbabwe began when the new
was put into place. This act began to neglect the African agriculture and had started to serve the settler economy very well (Ox. Journals). A recession in 1957–1958 hit blacks hard; unemployment began to rise and unsafe ill-equipped
Reaction to Colonialism:
How did Zimbabwe attempt to gain independence?
Some effects on Zimbabwe were changes in indigenous culture. One of the major effects on Zimbabwe was the religion from the missionaries who were traveling and preaching their faith throughout the continent. Today Christianity is still a central principle in African faith with their traditional religion.
“While seeking independence, Southern Rhodesia's white minority was strongly opposed to black participation in government. Unable to reach agreement, the Rhodesian Front, led by Ian Smith, made a Unilateral Declaration of Independence in 1965 and instituted white rule.” This ended segregation and the 90 year span of being a colony.
“ In 1965, Zimbabwe became autonomous and was led by a white segregationist government after Ian Douglas Smith made a Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from Britain.” Zimbabwean independence is celebrated on 18 April.
Evidence of Colonialism Still Today:
English is now a major language in Zimbabwe. There is also now a large white population, mostly coming north from South Africa. Christianity was also adapted by many and fused with indigenous religions.
Journals, Oxford. "African Affairs." 30 January 2014.
Oxford Journals. Textbook article. 2 February 2016.
Zimbabwe Colonization. 16 January 2016. Web. 1 February 2016.
Zimbabwe profile - Timeline. 12 June 2015. Web. 2 February 2016.
Zimbabwean Independence Day. 18 April 1980. Document. 2 February 2016.
A Zimbabwean Poem: By Charles Mungoshi
Sitting on the balcony
fingering a glass of beer
I have bought without
any intention to drink:
I see a little boy
poking for something
in a refuse dump:
looking for a future?
I am afraid the stars say
your roads leads to another
balcony, just like this one:
where you will sit
fingering a beer you have bought
without any intention to drink.